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ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS 

The 1973 Edition of the Maryland Statistical Abstract was prepared by the 
Division of Research of the Department, PADRAIC P. FRUCHT, Director of Research. 
NEIL M. SHPRITZ, Chief of Business Research, was responsible for general supervision 
and compilation, assisted by ALLAN STOTZ and IRENE TASHLICK. Invaluable data 
collection was done by CHARLES BURGER, DAVID EISENSTADT, MARY IPPOLITI, LINDA 
LINER, NORIYUKI MATSUDA, and DAPHNE WOOD; summer student interns, who worked 
long and hard hours on this project. HARRIET WHITMIRE, REGINA PLOCEK, and 
BRENDA GIBSON had primary responsibility for clerical operations. 

We thank all of the contributors to this volume, and the source note 
below each table credits these sources. Where indicated, contributors have 
requested copyright protection. Permission to use copyright material must be 
obtained directly from the source so cited. 



State q£ 



^Department of 
A (_Economic& 



Community 
evelopment 



ce of the Secretary o £9 " 3) 

" Riva Road, Annapolis, Maryland 21401 • 301-267-5176 




Marvin Mandel 

Governor 

loseph G. Anastasi 

Secretary 



The Honorable Marvin Mandel 
Governor of Maryland 
State House 
Annapolis, Maryland 21404 

Dear Governor Mandel: 

I am pleased to transmit to you this report, "19 73 Maryland 
Statistical Abstract", which was prepared and published by the Department 
of Economic and Community Development as part of its continuing effort to 
maintain, on a current basis, a data base on which sound decisions affect- 
ing the welfare of our citizens can be made by government and private 
enterprise. 

It is our plan to update this publication every two years, thus 
providing a statistical record of the composition, changes and trends in 
population, business and industry, agriculture, natural resources and 
many other aspects of life in Maryland. Hopefully, State and local govern- 
ment agencies, individuals, and business firms will find the data useful 
to them. 

Great care has been taken to ensure the usefulness and accuracy 
of this publication. We welcome suggestions as to how it might be improved 
to better serve the people of the State. 

Sincerely, 



Dsepn G. Anastasi 



■\<L 



7 






TABLE OF CONTENTS 

Page 
COUNTY-COUNTY SEAT MAP OF MARYLAND 1 

Table No. 

1 Geographical Regions of Maryland Grouped by Political 
Subdivisions 2 

POPULATION A VITAL STATISTICS 3 

2 Population, State of Maryland and Political Subdivisions, 

Rank by 1971: 1971 and 1960 5 

3 Population of the 50 States and the District of Columbia, 
Rank by Per Cent of Change: 1960/1970 6 

A Population of Maryland and Political Subdivisions; 1971 

and 1960 8 

5 Population Density of Maryland Subdivisions, Ranked By 

Density: July, 1971 9 



7 Population, State of Maryland, By Race and Political 

Subdivision: July 1, 1971 and April 1, 1960 / . . 11 



6 Maryland Population Growth: 1860-1973 10 

al 

• ■(■ 

8 Maryland Population by Race and Detailed Age Group 
1970 Census 

9 Comparative Population Estimates and Vital Statistics 

Data, By Race for Maryland Regions: 1971 13 

10 Estimated Maryland White Population, By Age Group and 
Political Subdivision: July 1, 1971 ^ 

11 Estimated Maryland Nonwhite Population, By Age Group and 
Political Subdivision: July 1, 1971 15 

12 Marriage By Resident Status and Type of Ceremony, By 
Political Subdivision of Occurrence:1971 16 



Page 



Table No. 



13 Births and Birth Rates By Race for Maryland and 

Political Subdivisions: 1971 17 

14 Absolute Divorce and Annulments By Legal Grounds for 

Decree and Political Subdivision of Occurrence: 1971. . . 18 

15 Selected Mortality Data By Race, Maryland and the United 
States: 1969-1971 19 

16 Deaths By Twenty Leading Causes, Sex and Race, Maryland: 

1971 20 

17 Deaths and Death Rates By Race for Maryland and Political 
Subdivisions: 1971 21 

STATE HOSPITALS FOR THE MENTALLY ILL 22 

18 Patient Population, State Hospitals for the Mentally 111: 
Fiscal Years 1973,1971, 1969, 1967, 2963 23 

EDUCATION 24 

19 Number of Public Schools in Maryland, By Political 
Subdivisions: September 30, 1972 25 

20 Enrollment in Public and Nonpublic Schools, Maryland: 

1972, 1971, 1967 26 

21 Number of Pupils Attending Public Schools in Maryland, By 
Political Subdivision: 1972, 1971, 1967 27 

22 Average Number of Pupils Belonging Per Teacher and 
Principal, Maryland Public Schools, By Political Subdivi- 
sion: 1970-1971 School Year 28 

23 All Elementary and High School Teachers and Principals in 
Maryland Public Schools, By Political Subdivision: Fall 

1972, Fall 1967 29 

24 Cost Per Pupil Belonging, Current Expenses, Maryland Public 
Day Schools, By Political Subdivision: 1971-1972 School 

Year 30 

25 Average Salary Per Teacher and Principal, Maryland Public 
Schools; By Political Subdivision: 1971-1972 School Year 31 

26 Source of Current Funds and Disbursements, Maryland 

Public Schools: School Year 1971-1972 32 



li 



Table No. Page 

27 Capital Expenditures, Maryland Public Schools, by 

Political subdivision: 1971-1972 School Year 33 

28 Public High School Graduates in Maryland and Per Cent 
Continuing Education, by Political Subdivision: 1969, 

1965, 1960 34 

29 Enrollment in State-Accredited Four Year Colleges and 
Universities: October 1972 35 

31 Four Year State Accredited Colleges and Universities in 
Maryland: 1972 37 

32 Enrollment in State Accredited Two Year Colleges: 

October 1972 39 

COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 40 

33 Number of Judges, Population and Case Load Per Judge, 
Maryland Trial Courts, by Political Subdivision: August 

1972 42 

34 Cases Filed in Trial Courts, Maryland: 1972 and 1971 . . 43 

35 Average Time Intervals, Dispositions of Appeals, Maryland 
Court of Appeals, in Months: 1962-1971 44 

36 Average Time Lapse, Criminal Cases, State of Maryland: 
1967-1972, in Months 45 

37 United States District Court for Maryland, Bankruptcy, 
Administrative, and Citizenship Matters: July 1, 1971— 

June 30, 1972 46 

38 Jurisdictions from which Committed Persons were Received: 
Fiscal Year 1972 47 

39 Age Groups of Committed Persons, All Adult Institutions: 
Fiscal Year 1972 48 

40 Disposition of Juvenile Court Cases, by Political 
Subdivision: Fiscal Year 1972 49 

41 Comparison of Juvenile Institutions - Average Populations 50 

42 Adult Correctional Institutional Populations: Fiscal Year 

1972 50 



in 



Table No. Page 

CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 51 

43 Location of Maryland Weather Stations for which 
Climatological Data are Presented 53 

44 Spring and Fall Breeze Data Based on Thirty Year Period, 
1931-1960, and Average Length of Freeze-Free Periods ... 55 

45 Average Temperature, Precipitation and Snowfall at Selected 
Locations Within the State of Maryland: 1931-1960 unless 
Otherwise Noted 57 

NATURAL RESOURCES 68 

46 Commercial Forest Land Area by Stand-Size Class in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United States: 

1963 70 

47 Forest Land Area in Maryland and Neighboring States and 

the Continental United States: 1963 70 

48 Commercial Forest Land Ownership by Type of Owner in 
Maryland and Neighboring States and the Continental United 
States: 1963 71 

49 Net Volume of Growing Stock and Sawtimber on Commercial 
Forest Land by Ownership and Net Annual Growth in Maryland 
and Neighboring States and the Continental United States: 

1963 and 1962 ' 72 

50 Net Volume of Live Sawtimber in Sawtimber Stands on Commercial 
Forest Land in Maryland and Neighboring States and the 
Continental United States: 1963 73 

51 Net Volume of Live Sawtimber and Growing Stock on Commercial 
Forest Lands in Maryland, by species group; January 1, 1963 73 

52 Annual cut and Net Annual Growth of Growing Stock on Com- 
mercial Forest Land, Maryland, by Species Groups: 1963 . . 74 

53 Annual Cut and Net Annual Growth of Live Sawtimber on Com- 
mercial Forest Land, Maryland, by Species Group: 1963 . . 74 

54 Estimated Commercial Timber Cut: 1971 75 

55 Number of Forest Fires and Area Burned in Maryland, by 
Political Subdivision: Years 1972 and 1967 76 

56 Forest Fires in Maryland by Cause, by Political Subdivision: 
Fiscal Year 1972 77 



IV 



Table No. 



Page 



57 Number of Commercial Fishermen and Gear in Maryland: 1970, 
1960, and 1950 78 

58 Fish Catch in Maryland, by Quantity: 1971, 1969, and 1967 . 79 

59 Fish Catch in Maryland, by Value: 1971 and 1969 81 

60 Seafood Processed Products, Maryland: 1971, 1970, and 1966 83 

61 Hunting and Fishing License Sales, Maryland: Fiscal Years 
1968-1972 84 

62 Mineral Production in Maryland: 1969-1971 85 

63 Value of Mineral Production in Maryland, by Political Sub- 
division: 1969-1971 86 

LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT 87 

64 Civilian Labor Force, Employment and Unemployment in 



Maryland: 1972 and 1968 



88 



65 Work Force, Employment and Unemployment by Counties and 

Areas: 1972 Averages 89 

66 Percentage Distribution of Employment in Maryland: 1972 

and 1968 91 

67 Non-Manufacturing Employment in Maryland, Annual Averages: 

1972 and 1968 92 

68 Non-Manufacturing Employment in Maryland, Rank by Per Cent 

of Total in 1972 and 1968 93 

69 Non-Manufacturing Employment in Maryland, Rank by Per Cent 
Change: 1972/1968 94 

70 Distribution of Maryland State Employees, by Political 
Subdivision: April 1973 95 

71 Distribution of Maryland State Roads Commission Employees, 

by Working Locations: Aug. 1973 95 

72 Armed Services Personnel in Maryland and United States: 

June 30, 1972 96 

73 Weekly Average of State Insured Unemployed, by Industry 
Attachment and by Sex: Fiscal Years 1972 and 1971 .... 97 

74 Department of Employment Security, Summary of State Activities: 
Fiscal Years 1972, 1971, 1968 98 



Table No. Page 

75 Non-Agricultural Employment Service Activities: Fiscal 

Years 1972, 1970, 1968 99 

76 Work Stoppages in Maryland and United States: 1967-1971 . 100 
MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 101 

77 Manufacturing Employment in Maryland by Standard Industrial 
Classification, Annual Averages: 1972 and 1968 103 

78 Manufacturing Employment in Principal Industries in Maryland, 
Rank by Percentage of Change: Annual Averages 1972 and 1968 104 

79 Rate of Industry Growth, Manufacturing Employment in 
Maryland, Rank by 1968/1972 Growth Rate: 1968/1972 and 
1950/1960 105 

80 Manufacturing and Non-Manufacturing Payrolls in Maryland: 

1972 and 1968 106 

81 Manufacturing Payrolls In Maryland, Rank by Dollar Value in 
1972: 1972 and 1968 107 

82 Number of Manufacturing Firms in Maryland, by Political 
Subdivision: 1972, 1968, 1960, 1950 108 

83 Manufacturing Payrolls, Maryland and Selected Eastern States 
Regionally Ranked by Rate of Growth: 1967 and 1971 ... 109 

84 Number of Employees Engaged in Manufacturing, Maryland and 
Selected Eastern States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of 

Growth in Total Employees: 1971 and 1967 110 

85 Value Added by Manufacture, Maryland and Selected Eastern 
States, Regionally Ranked by Rate of Growth: 1971 and 1967 111 

86 Value Added by Principal Manufacturing Industries in Maryland, 
Rank by Dollar Volume: 1971 and 1967 112 

87 Value Added by Principal Manufacturing Industries in 
Maryland, Rank by Per Cent Changes: 1971 and 1967 .... 113 

88 Average Weekly Earnings in Manufacturing Industries in 
Maryland, Rank by Dollar Value in 1972: 1972 and 1968 . . 114 

89 Average Hourly Earnings in Manufacturing Industries in 
Maryland, Rank by Dollar Value in 1972: 1972 and 1968 . . 115 



vx 



Table No. Page 

PERSONAL INCOME 116 

90 Gross State Product, Maryland, Current and Constant Dollars: 
1950-1971 117 

91 Total Personal Income, United States and the 51 Political 
Jurisdictions, Rank Order: 1972 118 

92 Per Capita Income by Jurisdication and the United States, 

Rank Order: 1972 119 

93 Total Personal Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern States: 
1972 and 1968 120 

94 Per Capita Income, Maryland and Selected Eastern States: 

1972 and 1968 121 

95 Personal Income by Major Source, Maryland: 1971 and 1968 . 122 

96 Estimated Per Capita and Household Disposable Income by 
Political Subdivision, Ranked by Per Capita Disposable Income: 
1971 123 

97 Per Household Disposable Income, Maryland and Selected 
Eastern States: 1971 124 

98 Number of Households by Highest and Lowest Group for the 
United States, Maryland and Selected Eastern States: 1971 . 125 

TRADE 126 

99 Trade Activity in Maryland, Establishments with Payroll 

Only: 1972 128 

100 Trade Activity in Maryland, Number of Establishments and 

Total Sales or Receipts: 1967 and 1963 129 

101 Maryland Retail Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1967 . . 131 

102 Maryland Retail Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1963 . . 132 

103 Maryland Wholesale Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1967 . 133 

104 Maryland wholesale Trade, by Political Subdivision: 1963 . 134 

105 Maryland Selected Services, by Political Subdivision: 1967 135 

106 Maryland Selected Services, by Political Subdivision: 1963 136 



V3.X 



Table No. Page 

107 Number of Establishments, by Kind of Business Group, 

Maryland Selected Services, by Political Subdivision: 1967 137 

108 Number of Establishments, by Kind of Business Group, 

Maryland Selected Services, by Political Subdivision: 1963 138 

SOCIAL SERVICES 139 

109 Net Expenditures for All Programs by Course of Funds and 

by Department, Fiscal Year 1972 140 

110 Payment to Individuals and Families in Maryland - Fiscal 

Year 1970-1972 and 1968 141 

111 Average Number of Individuals of Families Assisted and 
Average Payment Per Individual or Family by Program: 

1972, 1971, 1968 142 

112 Cases (Individuals & Families) Receiving Payments: 1970 - 

1972 and 1968 143 

113 Services Other Than Assistance in Program: Fiscal Years 

1972, 1971 144 

114 Number of Applications for Assistance Received, Approved, 
and Not Approved, Number of Cases Assisted and Discontinued 
Fiscal Year 1972 145 

115 Per Cent and Source of Funds by Type of Expenditure- 
Fiscal Years 1972, 1971 and 1968 146 

CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 147 

116 Consumer Price Indices U.S., Baltimore, Md., and 
Washington, D.C.: 1968-1972 148 

117 Urban Worker's Family Budget, Baltimore Metropolitan Area 

and Selected U.S. Metropolitan Areas: Autumn 1972 .... 148 

118 Indices of Average Earnings of Workers in Selected 
Occupational Groups, and Relative Advance in 30 Metropo- 
litan Areas: 1972 149 

STATE FINANCE 150 

119 Net Cash Receipts, Maryland: Fiscal Years 1972, 1971, 1967 151 



Vlll 



Table No. Page 

120 Net Cash Expenditures, Maryland: Fiscal Years 1972, 1971, 

1967 152 

121 General Revenue Sharing Estimated Payments to Maryland, 
Baltimore City and All Counties: Fiscal Year 1974 .... 153 

FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 154 

122 All Active Banks in Maryland, Summary of Assets and 
Liabilities - 1971 and 1968 155 

123 All Active National Banks in Maryland, Summary of Assets 

and Liabilities: 1971, 1968 156 

124 All Active State Banks and Trust Companies in Maryland, 
Summary of Assets and Liabilities: 1971 and 1968 .... 157 

125 All Active Mutual Savings Banks in Maryland, Summary 

of Assets and Liabilities: 1971 and 1968 157 

126 Credit Unions in Maryland: 1971 and 1968 158 

127 Industrial Finance Companies in Maryland: 1971 and 1968 . 158 

128 Combined Statement of Condition of All Building, Savings, 
and Loan Associations Domiciled in Maryland as of 

December 31, 1972 159 

129 Comparative Sections of Financial Statements, Maryland 
Building, Savings and Loan Associations: December 31, 1972 

and December 31, 1971 161 

130 Comparative Sections of Financial Statements, All State 
Chartered and Federal Chartered Building, Savings and 
Loan Associations as of December 31, 1972 and December 31, 

1971 163 

LIFE INSURANCE 164 

131 Life Insurance in Force in Maryland: 1972 165 

132 Purchases or Ordinary Life Insurance, Maryland: 1967-1972 165 
MASS MEDIA 166 

133 Television Stations in Maryland: 1972 168 

134 AM Radio Stations in Maryland: 1972 169 



ix 



Table No. Page 

135 FM Radio Stations in Maryland: 1972 171 

136 Television Broadcast Revenues, Expenses and Income by 

Market, Baltimore and Washington, D.C.: 1972 173 

137 AM and AM/FM Broadcast Revenues, Expenses and Income, 
Maryland and Baltimore Metropolitan Area: 1971 174 

138 Daily Newspapers of General Circulation in Maryland ... 175 
UTILITIES 176 

139 Gas Utility Industry, Customers and Revenues, Maryland: 

1970 and 1960 177 

140 Installed Generating Capacity and Production of Electric 
Utilities and Installed Plants of Ownership and Type of 

Prime Mover, Maryland: 1970 and 1960 178 

141 Commercial and Industrial Electric Sales in Maryland: 
1965-1972, 1960 179 

142 Telephone System in Maryland, Selected Data: 1972 and 1970 180 
MOTOR VEHICLES 181 

143 Motor Vehicles Assembled or Produced in Maryland: 1970 - 

1972 182 

144 New Motor Vehicle Registration and Number of Licenses 

Drivers in Maryland: 1972 and 1971 182 

145 Motor Vehicle Registration in Maryland, by Type and 
Political Subdivision: 1973 and 1968 183 

146 Total Highway Mileage by Type of System in Maryland: 1972 

and 1968 184 

147 Average Daily Vehicle Miles, State Maintained Roads: 1972 

and 1968 185 

148 Traffic Volume at Toll Facilities in Maryland, Annual 

Totals: 1962-1972 186 

THE PORT OF BALTIMORE 187 

149 Import and Export Tonnage and Value, Port of Baltimpre: 
1955-1972 188 



Table No. 
150 

151 

152 

153 

154 

155 

156 

157 

AIR TRAVEL 
158 

159 

AGRICULTURE 
160 
161 

162 
163 
164 

165 



Page 

Import Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by 

Principal Countries in Order of Tonnage and by Trade 

Areas: 1972 189 

Export Trade of the Port of Baltimore Arranged by Principal 
Countries in Order of Tonnage and by Trade areas: 1972 . . 190 

Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Imports: 1971 and 1967 191 

Ranking of Principal United States Seaports in Foreign 
Waterborne Trade, Exports: 1971 and 1967 192 

Value of Principal Categories of Commodities Exported From 

and Imported into the Port of Baltimore: 1972 193 

Leading Commodities in Waterborne Commerce, Baltimore 

Harbor and Channels, in Short Tons: 1971 194 

Waterborne Commerce of the Principal Waterways in Maryland, 

in Short Tons: 1971 and 1962 195 

Waterborne Commerce of the Baltimore Harbor and Channels, in 
Short Tons: 1962-1971 196 

197 

Commercial Airports and Heliports in the State of Maryland, 

by Political Subdivision: 1972 198 

Baltimore-Washington International Airport Operations: 

1967 and 1972 199 

200 

Cash Receipts From Farming, Maryland: 1971, 1970, 1969 . . 201 

Selected Commodities Indices, Prices Received by Farmers, 
Maryland: 1967-1972 203 

Number of Farms and Land in Farms, Maryland: 1968-1973 . . 203 

Workers on Farms in Maryland: 1970-1972 203 

Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Number on Farms: 

1970-1973 204 

Livestock and Poultry in Maryland, Value by Species: 

1970-1973 206 



xi 



Table No. Page 

CONSTRUCTION 207 

166 Value of Construction Contracts for Work Completed in the 
United States and in Maryland: 1970-1972 and 1960 208 

167 New Building Permits for Private Residential Dwelling Units 
Authorized in Maryland: 1964-1972 208 

168 New Housing Starts, Maryland: 1965-1972 209 

169 Annual Value of Non-Residential and Residential Construction 
Contracts Awarded in Maryland: 1960-1973 209 

170 Mobile Home Shipments into Maryland: 1960-1972 210 

REAL ESTATE 211 

171 Number of Real Properties and Real Property Assessed Values, 

by Political Subdivision: 1972 212 

172 Real Property Assessment Level Ratios, by Political 
Subdivision: 1972, 1969, 1968 213 

173 Real Property Leased to the Federal Government and Federally 
Owned Real Property in Maryland: 1972, 1970 and 1968 . . . 214 

FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 215 

174 Relative Position of the State: 1972 216 

175 Functional Summary of Federal Outlays, Maryland: 1972 . . 217 

176 Federal Outlays in Maryland, by Political Subdivision: 

1972 219 

177 Political Subdivision Summary of Federal Outlays by 

Agency: 1972 220 

178 Federal Expenditures for Selected Functional Categories in 

the Appalachian Portion of Maryland, Fiscal Year: 1972 . 226 

ELECTIONS 227 

179 Voter Registration in Maryland, by Party and Political 

, Subdivision: October 10, 1972 228 

180 Maryland General Election Returns - November 2, 1970, for 
Governor of Maryland 229 



Xll 



Table No. Page 

181 Maryland General Election Returns - November 7, 1972, 

for President of the United States 231 

182 Maryland General Election Returns - November 2, 1970, 

for United States Senator 233 



STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX A-l 

A-l Cloud Cover Conditions in Maryland, by Region: Normal 

Annual Period and 1971-1973 A-2 

A-2 Motor Gasoline Consumption, Maryland and the United 

States: 1962-1973 A-4 



xm 




1 



No. 1 
GEOGRAPHICAL REGIONS OF MARYLAND GROUPED BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



SUB-REGIONS 



Baltimore Area 

Baltimore City 

Anne Arundel 

Baltimore 

Howard 

Harford 

Carroll 

Western Maryland 

Frederick 
Washington 
Allegany 
Garrett 

Washington Suburbs 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 

Southern Maryland 

Charles 
St. Mary's 
Calvert 

Eastern Shore 

Kent 

Queen Anne ' s 

Talbot 

Caroline 

Dorchester 

Wicomico 

Somerset 

Worcester 

Northern Maryland 

Cecil 



Note: Planning Regions - Maryland State Planning Department 



-2- 



POPULATION AND VITAL STATISTICS 
The population of Maryland has grown very rapidly in the period 
from 1960 to 1971, with an increase of 29.2 per cent estimated by the 
U. S. Bureau of the Census. This figure makes the State the seventh 
fastest growing in the nation, on a percentage basis, and substantially 
above the national increase of 13.3 per cent. 

Data furnished by the Maryland Department of Health and Mental 
Hygiene indicate considerable variance of growth among counties. Howard 
County led the increase with a growth of 91.6 per cent over the 1960 to 1971 
period. Next were Prince George's County (90.8 per cent), Montgomery (59.5 
per cent), Harford (56.6 per cent), and Charles (56.5 per cent) Counties. 
At the opposite extreme with losses during this period were Allegany 
(0.2 per cent loss), Dorchester (0.9 per cent loss) and Somerset (3.8 per cent 
loss) Counties while Baltimore City data showed a loss of 3.9 per cent. 

Consistent with national growth patterns, the population shifts have 
been urban in nature. The greatest increases are to be found in metropolitan 
Baltimore with the exception of Baltimore City and suburban metropolitan Washington. 
As is readily seen, with the exception of Baltimore City itself, the political 
subdivisions with below average growth are predominantly rural in their 
characteristics. Approximately 83 per cent of Mary landers reside in the 
Baltimore and Washington metropolitan areas, with the greater growth coming 
from Howard and Prince George's Counties. 

More detailed demographic aspects available as of this writing 
are for 1971. Baltimore City contains by far the greatest concentration 
of non-white citizens in the State. Of the 771,490 non-white Marylanders , 
437,290 or 56.7 per cent reside in that jurisdiction. The overall per- 
centage of non-white persons in the State is 19.3 while the Baltimore 



-3- 



City percentage is 48.5. 

The birth rate of the general population in Maryland followed 
the declining national trend. All political subdivisions shared in this 
decline. The 1971 birth rate for Maryland was 16.3 per 1,000 population, 
with the white birth rate standing at 15.2 and the non-white at 21.2, 
Meanwhile the death rate in the State was 8.1 per 1,000 population with 
the white death rate at a level of 8.0 and the non-white at 8.5. 

The entrance into marriage age of children born in the post World 
War II surge is apparent with the 50,824 marriages in the State during 
1971. Divorces and Annulments increased to 10,060 the same year, with 
a majority (55.7 per cent) being granted on the grounds of voluntary 
separation. 



-4- 



NO. 2 

POPULATION, STATE OF MARYLAND AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS, RANK BY 1971: 

1971 AND 1960 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



JULY 1, 1971 



RANK 
1971 1960 



April 1, 1960 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1960/1971 



Maryland 

Baltimore City 
Prince Georges 
Baltimore 
Montgomery 
Anne Arundel 

Harford 

Washington 

Frederick 

Allegany 

Carroll 

Howard 
Wicomico 
Cecil 
Charles 
St. Mary's 

Dorchester 

Worcester 

Talbot 

Calvert 

Garrett 

Caroline 
Somerset 
Queen Anne's 
Kent 



4,007,050 






3,100,689 


29.2 


901,970 


1 


1 


939,024 


-3.9 


681,740 


2 


3 


357,395 


90.8 


631,520 


3 


2 


492,428 


28.2 


543,810 


4 


4 


340,928 


59.5 


305,930 


5 


5 


206,634 


48.1 


120,120 


6 


8 


76,722 


56.6 


104,620 


7 


6 


91,219 


14.7 


86,960 


8 


9 


71,930 


20.9 


84,040 


9 


7 


84,169 


-0.2 


71,740 


10 


10 


52,785 


35.9 


69,280 


11 


14 


36,152 


91.6 


55,270 


12 


11 


49,050 


12.7 


53,950 


13 


12 


48,408 


11.4 


50,990 


14 


15 


32,572 


56.5 


49,410 


15 


13 


38,915 


27.0 


29,390 


16 


16 


29,666 


-0.9 


24,620 


17 


17 


23,733 


3.7 


24,240 


18 


18 


21,578 


12.3 


21,900 


19 


23 


15,826 


38.4 


21,740 


20 


19 


20,420 


6.5 


19,890 


21 


21 


19,462 


2.2 


18,880 


22 


20 


19,623 


-3.8 


18,730 


23 


22 


16,569 


13.0 


16,310 


24 


24 


15,481 


5.4 



Sources: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, by report dated November 6, 1972. 
U. S. Bureau of Census, U. S. Census of Population: 1960, Maryland . 



-5- 



NO. 3 
POPULATION OF THE 50 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, RANK BY 
PER CENT OF CHANGE: 1970 AND 1960 









PER CENT CHANGE 


JURISDICTION 


APRIL 1, 1970 


APRIL 1, 1960 


1960/1970 


United States 


203,211,926 


179,323,175 


13.3 


Nevada 


488,738 


285,278 


71.3 


Florida 


6,789,443 


4,951,560 


37.1 


Arizona 


1,770,900 


1,302,161 


36.0 


Alaska 


300,382 


226,167 


32.8 


California 


19,953,134 


15,717,204 


27.0 


Maryland 


3,922,399 


3,100,689 


26.5 


Colorado 


2,207,259 


1,753,947 


25.8 


Delaware 


548,104 


446,292 


22.8 


New Hampshire 


737,681 


606,921 


21.5 


Hawaii 


768,561 


632,772 


21.5 


Connecticut 


3,031,709 


2,535,234 


19.6 


Washington 


3,409,169 


2,853,214 


19.5 


Utah 


1,059,273 


890,627 


18.9 


Oregon 


2,091,385 


1,768,687 


18.2 


New Jersey 


7,168,164 


6,066,782 


18.2 


Virginia 


4,648,494 


3,966,949 


17.2 


Texas 


11,196,730 


9,579,677 


16.9 


Georgia 


4,589,575 


3,943,116 


16.4 


Vermont 


444,330 


389,881 


14.0 


Michigan 


8,875,083 


7,823,194 


13.4 


Louisiana 


3,641,306 


3,257,022 


11.8 


Wisconsin 


4,417,731 


3,951,777 


11.8 


North Carolina 


5,082,059 


4,556,155 


11.5 


Minnesota 


3,804,971 


3,413,864 


11.5 


Indiana 


5,193,669 


4,662,498 


11.4 


Massachusetts 


5,689,170 


5,148,578 


10.5 


Illinois 


11,113,976 


10,081,158 


10.2 


Rhode Island 


946,725 


859,488 


10.2 


Tennessee 


3,923,687 


3,567,089 


10.0 


Oklahoma 


2,559,229 


2,328,284 


9.9 


Ohio 


10,652,017 


9,706,397 


9.7 


South Carolina 


2,590,516 


2,382,594 


8.7 


New York 


18,236,967 


16,782,304 


8.7 


Missouri 


4,676,501 


4,319,813 


8.3 


Arkansas 


1,923,295 


1,786,272 


7.7 



(continued on following page) 



-6- 



NO. 3 
POPULATION OF THE 50 STATES AND THE DISTRICT OF COLUMBIA, RANK BY 
PER CENT OF CHANGE: 1970 AND 1960 (Cont'd.) 



JURISDICATION 



APRIL 1, 1970 



APRIL 1, 1960 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1960/1970 



New Mexico 

Idaho 

Kentucky 

Alabama 

Nebraska 



1,016,000 
712,567 
3,218,706 
3,444,165 
1,483,493 



951,023 

667,191 

3,038,156 

3,266,740 

1,411,330 



6.8 
6.8 
5.9 
5.4 
5.1 



Pennsylvania 

Kansas 

Montana 

Iowa 

Maine 



11,793,909 

2,246,578 

694,409 

2,824,376 

992,048 



11,319,366 
2,178,611 

674,767 
2,757,537 

969,265 



4.2 
3.1 
2.9 

2.4 
2.4 



Mississippi 

Wyoming 

District of Columbia 

South Dakota 

North Dakota 

West Virginia 



2,216,912 
332,416 
756,510 
665,507 
617,761 

1,744,237 



2,178,141 
330,066 
763,956 
680,514 
632,446 

1,860,421 



1.8 
0.7 
1.0 
2.2 
2.3 
6.3 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of the Census, Number of Inhabitants , 
United States Summary, 1970 Census of Population, PC(1)-A1. 



-7- 



NO. 4 
POPULATION OF MARYLAND AND POLITICAL SUBDIVISIONS 



1971 AND 1960 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



JULY 1, 1971 



APRIL 1, 1960 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1960/1971 



Maryland 
Maryland Urban 
Maryland Rural 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



4,007,050 


3,100,689 


NA 


3,253,832 


NA 


846,857 


84,040 


84,169 


305,930 


206,634 


901,970 


939,024 


631,520 


492,428 


21,900 


15,826 


19,890 


19,462 


71,740 


52,785 


53,950 


48,408 


50,990 


32,572 


29,390 


29,666 


86,960 


71,930 


21,740 


20,420 


120,120 


76,722 


69,280 


36,152 


16,310 


15,481 


543,810 


340,928 


681,740 


357,395 


18,730 


16,569 


49,410 


38,915 


18,880 


19,623 


24,240 


21,578 


104,620 


91,219 


55,270 


49,050 


24,620 


23,733 



29.2 

NA 
NA 

-0.2 
48.1 
-3.9 
28.2 
38.4 

2.2 
35.9 

11.4 
56.5 
-0.9 

20.9 

6.5 

56.6 

91.6 

5.4 

59.5 
90.8 
13.0 

27.0 
-3.8 

12.3 

14.7 

12.7 

3.7 



Sources: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, by report dated November 6, 1972. 
U. S. Bureau of Census, U.S. Census of Population: Maryland. 1960 



NO. 5 
POPULATION DENSITY OF MARYLAND SUBDIVISIONS, RANKED BY DENSITY: July, 1971 







LAND 








AREA IN 


POPULATION EST. 


POPULATION DENSITY 


SUBDIVISIONS 


SQ. MI. 


FOR JULY 1, 1971 


PEOPLE/SQ. MI. 



Maryland 

Baltimore City 
Prince Georges 
Montgomery 
Baltimore 
Anne Arundel 

Howard 

Harford 

Washington 

Allegany 

Carroll 



9,874 

79 
485 
493 
608 
417 

250 
448 
462 
426 
453 



4,007,050 

901,970 
681,740 
543,810 
631,520 
305,930 

69,280 

120,120 

104,620 

84,040 

71,740 



405.8 

11,417.3 

1,405.6 

1,103.1 

1,038.7 

733.6 

277.1 
268.1 
226.5 
197.3 
158.4 



Cecil 
Wicomico 
St. Mary's 
Frederick 
Charles 

Calvert 

Talbot 

Caroline 

Kent 

Somerset 

Worcester 
Dorchester 
Queen Anne ' s 
Garrett 



352 
380 
367 
664 
458 

219 
279 
320 
284 
332 

483 
580 
373 
662 



53,950 
55,270 
49,410 
86,960 
50,990 

21,900 
24,240 
19,890 
16,310 
18,880 

24,620 
29,390 
18,730 
21,740 



153.3 
145.4 
134.6 
131.0 
111.3 

100.0 
86.9 
62.2 
57.4 
56.9 

51.0 
50.7 
50.2 
32.8 



Sources: Land Area compiled by the Geography Division, Bureau of the Census> U« S. 
Department of Commerce, as reported in Maryland Manual , 1971-1972. 

Population estimated by Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, 
Maryland Center for Health Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 197L 



-9- 



NO. 6 
MARYLAND POPULATION GROWTH: 1860-1973 



INCREASE OVER PRECEDING CENSUS 



YEAR 




POPULATION 


NUMBER 


PER CENT 


1973 


(Est.) 


4,122,800 


56,400 


1.4 


1972 


(Est.) 


4,066,400 


59,350 


1.5 


1971 


(Est.) 


4,007,050 


84,651 


2.2 


1970 




3,922,399 


821,710 


26.5 


1960 




3,100,689 


757,688 


32.3 


1950 




2,343,001 


521,757 


28.6 


1940 




1,821,244 


1^9,718 


11.6 


1930 




1,631,526 


181,875 


12.5 


1920 




1,449,661 


154,315 


11.9 


1910 




x, 295, 346 


107,302 


9.0 


1900 




1,188,044 


145,654 


14.0 


1890 




1,042,390 


107,447 


11.5 


1880 




934,943 


154,049 


19.7 


1870 




780,894 


93,845 


13.7 


1860 




687,049 


104,015 


17.8 



PER CENT INCREASE OF 
U. S. POPULATION OVER 

PRECEDING CENSUS 

OF THE CONTERMINOUS 
UNITED STATES (1) 



0.8 

1.0 

1.2 

13.3 

18.4 

14.5 

7.2 

16.1 

14.9 

21.0 

20.7 

25.5 

26.0 

26.6 

35.6 



(1) 

All years exclude Hawaii and Alaska. 

Sources: Estimate for July 1, 1971-73, Maryland Department of Health and Mental 

Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health Statistics, by report dated November 
6, 1972. Other years, U. S. Bureau of the Census. 



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_1 1 



NO. 8 
ESTIMATED MARYLAND POPULATION BY RACE AND AGE GROUP: 



JULY 1, 1970 



AGE GROUP 



TOTAL 



WHITE 



NONWHITE 



Total 

Under 5 

5-9 

10-14 

15-19 

20-24 

25-29 
30-34 
35-39 
40-44 

45-54 
55-64 
65-74 
75 and Over 



3,922,399 

344,267 
404,492 
409,928 
356,139 
325,455 

286,425 
238,005 
227,724 
244,163 

463,893 
322,226 
191,994 
107,688 



3,194,888 


727,511 


267,454 


76,813 


314,447 


90,045 


320,340 


89,588 


281,915 


74,224 


265,470 


59,985 


235,353 


51,072 


192,969 


45,036 


185,087 


42,637 


203,048 


41,115 


394,462 


69,431 


275,240 


46,986 


164,321 


27,673 


94,782 


12,906 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1971. 



-12- 



NO. 9 

COMPARATIVE POPULATION ESTIMATES AND VITAL STATISTICS DATA, BY RACE 

FOR MARYLAND REGIONS: 1971 



















INFANT 




POPULATION 






INFANT 


BIRTH 
RATE ( ' 


DEATH. 
RATE U; 


MORTALITY 
RATE { } 


RACE AND REGION 


1971 


BIRTHS 


DEATHS 


DEATHS 


Total 


4,007,050 


65,399 


32,305 


1,189 


16.3 


8.1 


18.2 


Northwest Area 


297,360 


4,768 


2,937 


94 


16.0 


9.9 


19.7 


Baltimore Metro Area 


2,100,560 


33,054 


19,051 


615 


15.7 


9.1 


18.6 


National Capital Area 


1,225,550 


20,811 


6,454 


326 


17.0 


5.3 


15.7 


Southern Area 


122,300 


2,657 


838 


57 


21.7 


6.9 


21.5 


Eastern Shore Area 


261,280 


4,109 


3,025 


97 


15.7 


11.6 


23.6 


White 


3,235,560 


49,036 


25,762 


724 


15.2 


8.0 


14.8 


Northwest Area 


286,440 


4,556 


2,829 


88 


15.9 


9.9 


19.3 


Baltimore Metro Area 


1,585,320 


22,460 


14,269 


317 


14.2 


9.0 


14.1 


National Capital Area 


1,068,440 


17,069 


5,799 


238 


16.0 


5.4 


13.9 


Southern Area 


91,690 


1,954 


591 


29 


21.3 


6.4 


14.8 


Eastern Shore Area 


203,670 


2,997 


2,274 


52 


14.7 


11.2 


17.4 



Nonwhite 



771,490 16,363 



6,543 



465 21.2 



8.5 



28.4 



Northwest Area 
Baltimore Metro Area 
National Capital Area 
Southern Area 
Eastern Shore Area 



10,920 

515,240 

157,110 

30,610 

57,610 



212 

10,594 

3,742 

703 
1,112 



108 
4,782 
655 
247 
751 



6 

298 

88 

28 

45 



19.4 
20.6 
23.8 
23.0 
19.3 



9.9 
9.3 
4.2 
8.1 
13.0 



28.3 
28.1 
23.5 
39.8 
40.5 



(1) 
(2) 



Per 1,000 population. 
Per 1,000 live births. 



Note: The geographic regions of the State and the political subdivisions they include are: 



Northwest 
Area 



Southern 
rirea 



Baltimore Metro 
Area 



National Capital 
Area 



Eastern 
Shore Area 



Garrett 
Allegany 
Washington 
Frederick 



Calvert 
Charles 
St. Mary's 



Baltimore City 

Baltimore 

Anne Arundel 

Carroll 

Howard 

Harford 



Montgomery 
Prince Georges 



Cecil 

Kent 

Queen Anne ' s 

Caroline 

Talbot 

Dorchester 

Wicomico 

Somerset 

Worcester 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1971. 



-13- 



NO. 10 

ESTIMATED WHITE POPULATION. 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 



BY AGE GROUP AND 
JULY 1,1971 





REGION AND 


ALL AGES 




WHITE POPULATION BY AGE 




POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 


UNDER 1 


1-4 


5-17 


18-44 


45-64 


65+ 


Maryland 


3,235,560 


50,120 


208,000 


808,750 


1,214,870 


686,160 


267,660 


Allegany 


82,820 


1,260 


4,970 


19,470 


27,070 


19,730 


10,320 


Anne Arundel 


271,330 


4,370 


19,130 


74,110 


108,380 


50,650 


14,690 


Baltimore City 


464,680 


6,280 


22,900 


88,990 


153,640 


120,550 


72,320 


Baltimore 


608,010 


8,220 


36,410 


154,720 


223,240 


139,800 


45,620 


Calvert 


14,220 


240 


1,130 


3,750 


4,540 


3,070 


1,490 


Caroline 


15,970 


240 


940 


4,000 


4,950 


3630 


2,210 


Carroll 


68,770 


1,050 


4,550 


17,160 


25,130 


13900 


6,980 


Cecil 


50,850 


970 


3,930 


13,650 


19,430 


9,080 


3,790 


Charles 


36,910 


710 


3,380 


10,940 


14,300 


5,740 


1,840 


Dorchester 


20,060 


240 


1,040 


4,230 


6,220 


5,120 


3,210 


Frederick 


80,850 


1,350 


5,620 


21,040 


29,520 


15,980 


7,340 


Garrett 


21,670 


370 


1,620 


5,990 


6,880 


4,320 


2,490 


Harford 


109,720 


1,950 


8,370 


30,800 


43,830 


18,900 


5,870 


Howard 


62,810 


910 


4,730 


18,270 


24,630 


11,130 


3,140 


Kent 


12,380 


170 


680 


2,870 


4,400 


2,530 


1,730 


Montgomery 


509,700 


6,950 


31,540 


137,140 


188,800 


112,410 


32,860 


Prince Georges 


558,740 


10,860 


41,580 


141,680 


241,380 


97,730 


25,510 


Queen Anne's 


14,320 


200 


840 


3,690 


4,520 


3,310 


1,760 


St. Mary's 


40,560 


990 


3,340 


10,660 


18,400 


5,160 


2,010 


Somerset 


11,560 


140 


530 


2,550 


3,490 


2,960 


1,890 


Talbot 


18,370 


210 


920 


4,110 


5,610 


4,630 


2,890 


Washington 


101,100 


1,630 


6,630 


24,890 


35,540 


22,040 


10,370 


Wicomico 


43,530 


600 


2,330 


10,340 


15,610 


9,810 


4,840 


Worcester 


16,630 


210 


890 


3,700 


5,360 


3,980 


2,490 


Source: Maryland Department of Health 


and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center 


for Health 




Statistics, 


Annual Vital Statistics Report, 1971. 









-14- 



NO. 11 



ESTIMATED MARYLAND NONWHITE POPULATION, BY AGE GROUP AND 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: JULY 1, 1971 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NONWHITE POPULATION BY AGE 



ALL AGES 



UNDER 1 



1-4 



5-17 



18-44 



45-64 



65+ 



Maryland 



771,490 



16,270 64,320 236,210 291,650 121,230 41,810 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



1,220 

34,600 

437,290 

23,510 

7,680 



30 

630 

9,070 

460 

180 



90 

2,210 

34,430 

460 

180 



320 

10,300 

133,820 

6,620 

2,920 



430 

13,700 

159,210 

9,010 

2,380 



220 

5,420 

75,890 

4,150 

1,060 



130 

2,340 

24,870 

1,630 

420 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



3,920 
2,970 
3,100 
14,080 
9,330 



80 

60 

70 

340 

210 



290 

190 

250 

1,410 

740 



1,160 

750 

850 

5,520 

2,750 



1,230 
1,150 
1,130 
4,410 
2,820 



800 

540 

530 

1,790 

1,940 



360 
280 
270 
610 
870 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



6,110 

70 

10,400 

6,470 

3,930 



130 

230 
90 
70 



480 

900 
530 
280 



2,030 
50 
3,090 
1,980 
1,180 



2,090 
20 
4,130 
2,600 
1,290 



920 

1,450 
950 
710 



460 

600 
320 
490 



Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



34,110 

123,000 

4,410 

8,850 

7,320 



810 

2,830 

70 

210 

130 



3,100 

13,440 

270 

810 

530 



9,210 
38,280 
1,270 
3,260 
2,130 



15,050 

53,990 

1,430 

2,950 

2,510 



4,660 

11,670 

880 

1,150 

1,280 



1,280 

2,790 

490 

470 

740 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



5,870 

3,520 

11,740 

7,990 



100 

50 

270 

150 



410 
190 
790 
620 



1,600 

770 

3,630 

2,720 



1,810 
1,910 
3,920 
2,480 



1,260 

920 

2,190 

1,380 



690 
460 
940 
640 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1971. 



-15- 



NO. 12 

MARRIAGE BY RESIDENT STATUS AND TYPE OF CEREMONY, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION OF OCCURRENCE: 1971 





POLITICAL SUB- 






MARRIAGE 


BY RESIDENCE ^ ' 


TYPE 


OF CEREMONY 






















DIVISION OF 


TOTAL 


MARYLAND 
RESIDENTS^' 


NON-RESIDENTS w ' 
NUMBER PER CENT 


RELIGIOUS 




CIVIL 




OCCURRENCE 


NUMB 


Maryland 


50,824 


35 


,412 


15,412 


30.3 


34,776 


16 


,048 


31.6 


Allegany 


2,177 




845 


1,332 


61.2 


1,276 




901 


41.4 


Anne Arundel 


2,791 


2 


,538 


253 


9.1 


2,270 




521 


18.7 


Baltimore City 


9,419 


8 


,793 


626 


6.6 


7,402 


2 


,017 


21.4 


3altimore 


5,550 


5 


,098 


452 


8.1 


4,664 




886 


16.0 


Calvert 


210 




195 


15 


7.1 


184 




26 


12.4 


Caroline 


472 




220 


252 


53.4 


444 




28 


5.9 


Carroll 


821 




616 


205 


25.0 


619 




521 


18.7 


Cecil 


6,721 




848 


5,873 


87.4 


2,223 


4 


,498 


66.9 


Charles 


576 




426 


150 


26.0 


383 




193 


33.5 


Dorchester 


493 




470 


23 


4.7 


327 




166 


33.7 


Frederick 


1,096 




874 


222 


20.3 


863 




233 


21.3 


Garrett 


1,556 




285 


1,271 


81.7 


1,108 




448 


28.8 


Harford 


1,325 




965 


360 


27.2 


858 




467 


35.2 


Howard 


792 




750 


42 


5.3 


547 




245 


30.9 


Kent 


157 




132 


25 


15.9 


136 




21 


13.4 


Montgomery 


5,512 


4 


,252 


1,260 


22.9 


3,554 


1 


,958 


35.5 


Prince George's 


6,134 


5 


,288 


840 


13.8 


4,238 


1 


,896 


30.1 


Queen Anne's 


136 




119 


17 


12.5 


119 




17 


12.5 


St. Mary's 


493 




470 


23 


4.7 


327 




166 


33.7 


Somerset 


233 




192 


41 


17.6 


203 




30 


12.9 


Talbot 


265 




249 


16 


6.0 


235 




30 


11.3 


Washington 


2,702 


1 


,076 


1,626 


60.2 


1,639 


1 


,063 


39.3 


Wicomico 


883 




632 


251 


28.4 


756 




127 


14.4 


Worcester 


488 




267 


221 


45.3 


441 




47 


9.6 



(1) 

(2) 
(3) 



Marriages refer to the number of ceremonies performed, not the number of persons 
married. 

One or both partners residents of Maryland. 

Both partners non-residents of Maryland. 



Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1971. 



-16- 



NO. 13 

BIRTHS AND BIRTH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND AND POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISIONS: 1971 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF BIRTHS 



BIRTH RATES 



(1) 



TOTAL 



WHITE 



NONWHITE 



TOTAL 



WHITE 



NONWHITE 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Djieen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

ralbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



65,399 49,036 



16,363 



16.3 



15.2 



21.2 



1,268 


1,236 


32 


15.1 


14.9 


26.2 


5,009 


4,383 


626 


16.4 


16.2 


18.1 


15,070 


5,994 


9,076 


16.7 


12.9 


20.8 


8,629 


8,146 


483 


13.7 


13.4 


20.5 


425 


238 


187 


19.4 


16.7 


24.3 


317 


257 


60 


15.9 


16.1 


15.3 


1,096 


1,044 


52 


15.3 


15.2 


17.5 


1,024 


956 


68 


19.0 


18.8 


21.9 


1,043 


737 


306 


20.5 


20.0 


21.7 


454 


243 


211 


15.4 


12.1 


22.6 


1,476 


1,349 


127 


17.0 


16.7 


20.8 


386 


385 


1 


17.8 


17.8 


— 


2,218 


1,960 


258 


18.5 


17.9 


24.8 


1,032 


933 


99 


14.9 


14.9 


15.3 


229 


172 


57 


14.0 


13.9 


14.5 


7,508 


6,728 


780 


13.8 


13.2 


22.9 


13,303 


10,341 


2,962 


19.5 


18.5 


24.1 


269 


207 


62 


14.4 


14.5 


14.1 


1,189 


979 


210 


24.1 


24.1 


23.7 


285 


156 


129 


15.1 


13.5 


17.6 


284 


186 


98 


11. 7 


10.1 


16.7 


1,638 


1,586 


52 


15.7 


15.7 


14.8 


879 


608 


271 


15.9 


14.0 


23.1 


368 


212 


156 


14.9 


12.7 


19.5 



(1) 



Per 1,000 population. 



source: 



Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1971. 



-17- 





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NO. 15 
SELECTED MORTALITY DATA BY RACE, MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES: 1969-1971 











DEATH 


RATES ^ 








TOTAL 




WHITE 


NONWHITE 


YEAR 


MARYLAND 


UNITED STATES 


MARYLAND UNITED STATES 


MARYLAND 


UNITED STATE! 


1971 
1970 
1969 


8.1 
8.3 
8.4 


9.3 
9.4 
9.5 


8.0 
8.2 
8.2 


9.3 
9.5 
9.5 


8.5 
8.8 
9.1 


9.1 
9.5 
9.6 



INFANT DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS ^ 



1971 18.2 19.2 
1970 19.1 19.8 
1969 19.7 20.7 



14.8 


16.8 


28.4 


30.2 


16.0 


17.4 


28.9 


31.4 


16.3 


18.4 


30.9 


31.6 



NEONATAL DEATH RATES PER 1,000 LIVE BIRTHS ^ 



.3 


12.9 


20.0 


20.8 


.1 


13.5 


20.1 


21.6 


.7 


14.1 


21.3 


21.6 



1971 13.5 14.3 
1970 14.0 14.9 
1969 14.7 15.4 



P - Preliminary 

' 'Death rates are per 1,000 population 

(2) 

Death occurring to a person under one year 

'-*'Death occurring to a person under 28 days 

Source: Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for 
Health Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1971. 

U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Census, Statistical Abstract of 
the United States, 1972 and preliminary 1973 unpublished data. 



-19- 



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DEATHS AND DEATH RATES BY RACE FOR MARYLAND AND POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISONS: 1971 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF DEATHS 



DEATH RATES 



(1) 



TOTAL 



WHITE 



NONWHITE 



TOTAL 



WHITE 



NONWHITE 



Maryland 



32,305 25,762 



6,543 



8.1 



8.0 



8.5 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne ' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worchester 



991 


969 


22 


11.8 


11.7 


18.0 


1,914 


1,638 


276 


6.3 


6.0 


8.0 


10,844 


6,643 


4,201 


12.0 


14.3 


9.6 


4,627 


4,470 


157 


7.3 


7.4 


6.7 


203 


145 


58 


9.3 


10.2 


7.6 


230 


181 


49 


11.6 


11.3 


12.5 


581 


547 


34 


8.1 


8.0 


11.4 


445 


406 


39 


8.2 


8.0 


12.6 


329 


213 


116 


6.5 


5.8 


8.2 


414 


283 


131 


14.1 


14.1 


14.0 


778 


717 


61 


8.9 


8.9 


10.0 


203 


203 





9.3 


9.4 


— 


707 


624 


83 


5.9 


5.7 


8.0 


378 


347 


31 


5.5 


5.5 


4.8 


212 


165 


47 


13.0 


13.3 


12.0 


3,083 


2,930 


153 


5.7 


5.7 


4.5 


3,371 


2,869 


502 


4.9 


5.1 


4.1 


196 


138 


58 


10.5 


9.6 


13.2 


306 


233 


73 


6.2 


5.7 


8.2 


282 


160 


122 


14.9 


13.8 


16.7 


303 


222 


81 


12.5 


12.1 


13.8 


965 


940 


25 


9.2 


9.3 


7.1 


617 


480 


137 


11.2 


11.0 


11.4 


326 


239 


87 


13.2 


14.4 


10.9 



(1) 



Per 1,000 population. 



Source: 



Maryland Department of Health and Mental Hygiene, Maryland Center for Health 
Statistics, Annual Vital Statistics Report , 1971. 



-21- 



STATE HOSPITALS FOR THE MENTALLY ILL 

During the 1973 Fiscal Year Maryland's hospitals for the mentally ill 
treated nearly 22,000 patients, an increase of some 17.4 per cent over the 
number of patients treated a decade ago. 18,726 patients were treated at 
these facilities during fiscal 1963. However, due to shortened periods of 
hospitalization of new admissions and the gradual continuing decrease in the 
number of long term patients, the average daily size of the patient population 
declined 30.9 per cent during this time period, from 8,218 to 5,673. 

It is generally believed that the rate of occurrence of most mental 
illnesses has not changed appreciably and that these expanding figures reflect 
the growing acceptance and usage of psychiatric hospitals and clinics for 
the short term intensive treatment of alcoholism and acute psychoneurotic 
and personality disturbances. 



-22- 



NO. 18 



PATIENT POPULATION, STATE HOSPITALS FOR THE 
MENTALLY ILL: FISCAL YEARS, 1973, 1971, 1969, 1967, 1963 







AVERAGE SIZE 


OF 


TOTAL NUMBER 




TOTAL 


FISCAL YEAR 


PATIENT POPULATION 


TREATED 


ADMISSIONS 


SEPARATIONS 


1973 


5,675 




21,987 


13,079 


13,900 


1971 


6,647 




27,558 


16,322 


17,604 


1969 


7,451 




25,541 


14,085 


14,130 


1967 


8,006 




22,899 


11,091 


11,298 


1963 


8,218 




18,726 


7,257 


7,173 


Per Cent Change 












1971/1973 


-14.6 




-20.2 


-19.9 


-21.0 


1963/1973 


-30.9 




17.4 


80.2 


93.8 



Source: Maryland Department of Mental Hygiene, Statistics Newsletter X-7 , 
Fact Sheet for 1969 Fiscal Year. 
Unpublished data, Statistical Report for July 1, 1972 - June 30, 1973, 



-23- 



EDUCATION 

Education has stood in the spotlight of publicity throughout this decade. 
Maryland ranks sixth among the states in percentage increase in public school 
enrollment during the period from 1961-62 to 1971-72. In 1972 there were 
nearly 921,000 pupils enrolled in the State's public schools, a figure 
representing an increase of 11.5 per cent since 1967. The cost per pupil on 
a statewide basis has climbed to $990, and the number of pupils per teacher 
and administrator has declined to 23.7. 

Public high schools in Maryland graduated more than 50,000 students in 
1972, an increase of 13.0 per cent over 1969. And, significantly, a larger 
number of these graduates go on to colleges and universities. Statewide, over 
43 per cent of the 1969 graduating classes continued into higher education. 
The percentage of graduates continuing education at the degree granting institutions 
varies from more than 69 per cent in Montgomery County to a low of slightly 
under 16 per cent in Garrett County. Eighteen of the 24 political subdivisions 
showed a figure in excess of 30 per cent for that year. 

It is estimated that 24,411 full time students were enrolled in the Fall 1972 
term in Maryland's 20 two year colleges. At the same time, if one includes 
part time students, 53,523 students were enrolled at the two year colleges. 
The 28 four year colleges and universities in the State compiled a full time 
undergraduate enrollment in excess of 64,000. Added to this figure are the 
more than 56,000 part time students and the 23,800 graduate students, bringing 
the total to over 169,000 students enrolled in higher education institutions in 
Maryland . 

The largest institution of higher education in the State is the University 
of Maryland. Total student enrollment there is nearly 56,000, representing over 
33 Der cent of the higher education enrollment in Maryland. 



-24- 



NO. 19 

NUMBER OF PUBLIC SCHOOLS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

SEPTEMBER 30, 1972 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL 



PRE- SCHOOL 



(1) 



ELEMENTARY SECONDARY 



COMBINED 



(2) 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



1,333 

36 

97 

211 

158 

12 

10 
28 
25 
26 
22 

34 
17 
38 
35 



197 

235 

11 

23 

16 

13 
43 
24 
14 



3 


938 


310 


82 


1 


24 


8 


3 


- 


77 


20 


- 


- 


154 


50 


7 


- 


110 


43 


5 


- 


8 


2 


2 


— 


6 


4 


_ 


- 


17 


5 


6 


- 


16 


6 


3 


- 


16 


4 


6 


- 


17 


5 


- 


— 


24 


7 


3 


1 


12 


2 


2 


- 


26 


7 


5 


- 


20 


7 


8 


- 


4 


1 


3 


— 


144 


50 


3 


- 


174 


61 


- 


- 


7 


2 


2 


- 


16 


3 


4 


- 


9 


3 


4 


_ 


8 


3 


2 


1 


26 


7 


9 


- 


16 


6 


2 


- 


7 


4 


3 



Includes public school with pre-kindergarten and/or kindergarten only. 
*>*' Includes middle and other schools. 
Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Maryland State Department of Education. 



-25- 



NO. 20 
ENROLLMENT IN PUBLIC AND NONPUBLIC SCHOOLS, MARYLAND: 1972, 1971 and 1967 '^ 



PER CENT CHANGE 



TYPE OF SCHOOL 



1972 


1971 


1967 


1971/1972 


1967/1972 


1,032,193 


1,046,119 


963,906 


-1.3 


7.1 


920,896 


922,051 


825,892 


-.1 


11.5 


60,180 


62,022 


42,391 


-3.0 


42.0 


445,483 


454,853 


437,367 


-2.1 


1.9 


412,923 


402,916 


346,134 


2.5 


19.3 


111,297 


124,068 


138,014 


-10.3 


-19.4 


4,991 


4,028 


7,759 


23.9 


-35.7 


75,118 


88,666 


99,636 


-15.3 


-24.6 


31,188 


31,374 


30,619 


-.6 


1.9 


80,432 


76,460 


61,688 


5.2 


30.4 


53,523 


48,343 


21,186 


10.7 


152.6 


52,264 


47,671 


20,374 


9.6 


156.5 


1,259 


672 


812 


87.4 


55.0 



Total Public and Nonpublic 
Public 

Kindergarten 

Elementary (1-8) 

Secondary 
Nonpublic 

Kindergarten 

Elementary (1-8) 

Secondary 
Campus Schools 
Junior Colleges 

Public 

Private 



(1) Fall of each year stated. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, State-Accredited Maryland Colleges 

and Universities for 1971 and 1974 ; The 102nd Annual Report, Department of 

Education, A Statistical Review for the Year Ending June 30, 1968. 



-26- 



NO. 21 





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-27- 



NO. 22 



AVERAGE NUMBER OF PUPILS BELONGING PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL, 
MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1970-1971 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL 



ELEMENTARY 



SECONDARY 



Maryland 



19.5 



21.3 



17.7 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



20.3 


22.7 


20.3 


21.3 


20.9 


23.5 


19.2 


20. A 


21.8 


24.0 


19.9 


22.0 


19.8 


20.3 


22.0 


26.3 


21.9 


26.0 


19.6 


22.1 


20.1 


20.6 


19.2 


18.7 


19.6 


20.2 


19.5 


23.0 


18.9 


25.6 


18.3 


19.7 


18.3 


19.4 


19.5 


24.9 


20.1 


24.7 


20.7 


24.6 


18.6 


21.6 


20.5 


25.3 


19.6 


21.9 


19.9 


21.2 



18.2 
19.0 
17.9 
18.1 
19.6 

18.0 
19.2 
18.4 

18.1 
17.5 

19.7 

19.7 

18.9 

16.3* 

14.1 

17.1 
16.8 
15.5 
15.7 
17.1 

15.8 
16.8 
17.2 
18.6 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by Maryland State Department of Education. 



-28- 



NO. 23 

ALL ELEMENTARY AND HIGH SCHOOL TEACHERS AND 
PRINCIPALS IN MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

FALL 1972, FALL 1967 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



1972 



1967 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1967/1972 



Maryland 



43,965 



37,931 



15.9 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



813 
3,551 
7,921 
6,573 

275 



743 
2,919 
8,026 

5,775 
242 



9.4 

21.7 
-1.3 
13.8 
13.6 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



247 
863 
565 
683 
316 



245 
694 
519 
502 
281 



.8 

24.4 

9.1 

36.1 

12.5 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



964 
284 
1,443 
973 
198 



873 
222 
1,188 
608 
179 



33.3 
27.9 
21.5 
60.0 
10.6 



Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



6,322 

7,695 

232 

505 

217 



5,571 

6,378 

230 

414 
197 



13.5 
20.6 
.8 
21.9 
10.2 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



278 

1,151 

715 

344 



216 

1,011 

581 

317 



28.7 

13.8 

23.0 

8.5 



Source: Facts About Maryland Public Education 1972-73. Maryland Department of 
Education, Education in Maryland , 1968. Directory of Public Education 
1972-1973. 



-29- 



NO. 24 

COST PER PUPIL BELONGING, CURRENT EXPENSES, MARYLAND PUBLIC DAY SCHOOLS, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1971-1972 SCHOOL YEAR 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



TOTAL 



PER CENT RECEIVED 
FROM STATE 



Maryland 



$ 949 



33.3 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



824 
852 
896 
977 
836 



41.8 
37.1 
42.6 
27.5 
46.0 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



769 
803 
719 
899 
873 



53.3 
40.3 
45.4 
39.1 
40.3 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



838 
700 
800 
928 
875 



35.1 
59.6 
42.1 
30.1 

38.4 



Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



1,243 
979 

784 
809 
738 



23.1 

30.4 
43.0 
53.9 
55.5 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



893 
861 
763 
820 



31.0 

39.5 
46.0 
34.6 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education. 
Education, 1972-73. 



Facts About Maryland Public 



-30- 



NO. 25 

\LARY" PER TEACHER AND PRINCIPAL, MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1971-1972 SCHOOL YEAR 



(1) 





POLITICAL 


ALL PUBLIC SCHOOLS 


ELEMENTARY 




SECONDARY 






PRIN- . ^ TEA- 




PRIN- . 


„.TEA- 




PRIN- . 


„>TEA- 


SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


CIPALS U 


' CHERS 


TOTAL 


CIPALS U/ CHERS 


TOTAL 


CIPALS Uy CHERS 


Maryland 


$10,881 


$18,341 


$10,492 


$10,536 


$18,119 


$10,082 


$11,235 


$18,647 


$10,909 


Allegany 


10,064 


14,395 


9,824 


9,868 


13,864 


9,579 


10,232 


15,163 


10,030 


1 Anne Arundel 


11,101 


17,712 


10,826 


10,709 


18,003 


10,290 


11,503 


17,073 


11,359 


'Baltimore City 


9,968 


16,887 


9,621 


9,772 


17,040 


9,353 


10,187 


16,657 


9,916 


Baltimore 


11,115 


19,915 


10,650 


10,766 


18,600 


10,216 


11,441 


22,157 


11,042 


Calvert 


9,524 


16,841 


9,230 


9,829 


16,399 


9,497 


9,204 


17,615 


8,955 


Carolin 


8,853 


14,095 


8,576 


8,577 


16,917 


8,336 


9,126 


14,229 


8,818 


. Carroll 


9,908 


15,748 


9,580 


10,022 


18,659 


9,609 


9,798 


13, $77 


9,549 


Cecil 


9,503 


16,480 


9,082 


8,694 


16,537 


8,239 


10,321 


16,426 


9,938 


Charles 


9,816 


16,550 


9,452 


9,698 


16,058 


9,379 


9,937 


16,982 


9,527 


Dorchester 


9,724 


12,501 


9,429 


9,885 


12,046 


9,563 


9,589 


13,231 


9,323 


! Frederick 


10,632 


15,068 


10,317 


10,389 


15,415 


9,992 


10,927 


14,534 


10,705 


Garrett 


8,693 


12,749 


8,536 


8,416 


12,366 


8,245 


9,038 


13,371 


8,895 


[ Harford 


10,084 


15,955 


15,209 


10,094 


14,893 


9,790 


10,071 


17,957 


9,765 


| Howard 


10,763 


17,901 


10,385 


10,656 


19,106 


10,269 


10,844 


17,178 


10,844 


Kent 


8,493 


15,028 


8,157 


9,190 


15,272 


8,822 


7,814 


14,696 


7,523 


Montgomery 


12,991 


21,926 


12,515 


12,440 


21,905 


11,861 


13,485 


21,950 


13,092 


Prince George's 


11,537 


20,786 


11,077 


10,996 


20,517 


10,494 


12,199 


21,159 


11,785 


Queen Anne's 


8,774 


15,508 


8,411 


7,857 


15,300 


7,388 


9,567 


15,751 


9,283 


iSt. Mary's 
1 Somerset 


9,105 


15,902 


8,726 


9,084 


16,115 


8,687 


9,128 


15,660 


8,770 


8,300 


9,602 


8,144 


8,814 


11,197 


8,563 


7,911 


8,606 


7,821 


1 Talbot 


9,514 


14,418 


9,352 


9,937 


12,434 


9,840 


9,192 


16,402 


8,982 


| Washington 


10,296 


15,860 


9,986 


10,749 


14,782 


10,481 


9,935 


17,042 


9,598 


Wicomico 


9,422 


14,128 


9,119 


9,459 


13,450 


9,133 


9,385 


15,293 


9,105 


.Worcester 


9,121 


13,984 


8,882 


9,128 


15,814 


8,865 


9,113 


12,685 


8,901 



(1) 

(2) 



Excludes aides. 

Includes principals and vice principals classified according to time spent in teach- 
ing and administrative responsibilities. 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Maryland State Department of Education. 



-31- 



NO. 26 

SOURCE OF CURRENT FUNDS AND DISBURSEMENTS, MARYLAND 
PUBLIC SCHOOLS: SCHOOL YEAR 1971-1972 



INCOME SOURCE OR 
DISBURSEMENT 



AMOUNT 
($) 



PER CENT OF TOTAL 



Income Source 

Federal Funds 

State Funds 

Local Funds 
Disbursements 

Instruction 

Maintenance and Operation 

Other (1) 

Pupil Transportation 

Administration 



$ 83,916,286 
310,103,204 
536,477,953 

$620,294,569 

107,447,730 

122,754,039 

36,955,904 

22,371,675 



9.0 
33.3 
57.7 

68.2 

11.8 

13.5 

4.1 

2.4 



(1) 



Includes fixed charges, outgoing transfers, pupil personnel services, health 
services, food services, student body activities, community services, school 
lunch and special milk, teachers retirement and Social Security. 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education, Facts About Maryland Public 
Education, 1972-73. 



-32- 



NO. 27 

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES, MARYLAND PUBLIC SCHOOLS, BY 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1971-1972 SCHOOL YEAR 













ADMINISTRATION 


POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


ELEMENTARY 


HIGH 


BUILDINGS 


Maryland 


$148,455,354 


$55,056,275 


$91,801,724 


$1,597,355 


Allegany 


531,627 


256,183 


228,632 


46,812 


Anne Arundel 


16,269,494 


4,369,390 


11,706,335 


193,769 


Baltimore City 


30,340,157 


13,792,190 


16,432,997 


114,970 


Baltimore 


15,456,628 


5,064,111 


10,273,316 


119,201 


Calvert 


352,699 


82,377 


268,774 


1,548 


Caroline 


406,307 


332,930 


73,377 





Carroll 


2,727,726 


170,273 


2,557,453 





Cecil 


85,898 


35,701 


48,957 


1,240 


Charles 


3,459,736 


989,937 


2,463,256 


6,543 


Dorchester 


150,049 


65,078 


80,415 


4,556 


Frederick 


5,888,160 


3,035,948 


2,425,393 


426,819 


Garrett 


88,672 


52,612 


35,358 


702 


Harford 


6,307,406 


1,435,584 


4,621,088 


250,734 


Howard 


18,264,367 


4,484,212 


13,774,410 


5,745 


Kent 


1,018,119 


957,051 


49,693 


11,375 


Montgomery 


18,571,636 


7,543,312 


10,803,208 


225,116 


Prince George's 


21,487,229 


9,704,168 


11,612,939 


170,122 


Queen Anne's 


159,131 


103,936 


49,957 


5,238 


St. Mary's 


450,751 


317,637 


133,114 





Somerset 


532,649 


80,451 


441,890 


10,308 


Talbot 


1,502,479 


18,063 


1,484,286 


130 


Washington 


3,118,103 


1,293,744 


1,824,359 





Wicomico 


1,076,781 


734,777 


339,662 


2,342 


Worcester 


209,550 


136,610 


72,855 


85 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Maryland State Department of Education. 



-33- 



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-36- 



NO. 31 
FOUR YEAR STATE ACCREDITED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN MARYLAND: 1972 



COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY 



PUBLIC 
OR 
PRIVATE 



MEN (M) 
WOMEN (W) 
COED (C) 



NUMBER 
DEGREES 



earned degrees 
type(D 

OFFERED 



Baltimore College of Commerce 

Baltimore Hebrew College 

Bowie State College 

Capital Institute of Technology 

College of Notre Dame of Maryland 

Columbia Union College 

Coppin State College 

Frostburg State College 

Goucher College 

Hood College 

Johns Hopkins University 

Loyola College 

The Maryland Institute 

Morgan State College 

Mount St. Mary's College 

Ner Israel Rabbinical College 

Peabody Institute of the City of 
Baltimore 

St. John's College 

St. Mary's College of Maryland 

St. Mary's Seminary & University 

Salisbury State College 



Private 


C 


108 


A,B 


Private 


C 


6 


B,M 


Public 


C 


370 


B,M 


Private 


C 


57 


A,B 


Private 


W 


191 


B 


Private 


c 


185 


A,B 


Public 


c 


350 


A,M 


Public 


c 


545 


B,M 


Private 


W(2) 


249 


B,M 


Private 


w 


116 


B,M 


Private 


c 


1,922 


B,M,D,P 


Private 


c 


606 


B,M 


Private 


c 


248 


B,M 


Public 


c 


858 


B,M 


Private 


c 


258 


B,M 


Private 


M 


26 


M,D. Rabbi 


Private 


c 


71 


B,M,D 


Private 


c 


52 


B,M 


Public 


c 


102 


B 


Private 


M(3) 


69 


B,M,D,L 


Public 


c 


260 


B,M 



(continued on following page) 



-37- 



NO. 31 
FOUR YEAR STATE ACCREDITED COLLEGES AND UNIVERSITIES IN MARYLAND: 1972 (Cont'd) 



COLLEGE OR UNIVERSITY 



PUBLIC 


MEN 


(M) 




OR 


WOMEN 


(W) 


NUMBER 


PRIVATE 


COED 


(C) 


DEGREES 


Public 


C 




1,234 


Private 


C 




318 


Public 


C 




9,692 


Private 


C 




44 


Private 


C 




131 


Private 


C 




338 



earned degrees 
typeO) 

OFFERED 



Towson State College 
University of Baltimore 
University of Maryland 
Washington Bible College 
Washington College 
Western Maryland College 



B,M 

A,B,M,D 

A,B,M,D,P 

B,M 

B,M 

B,M 



' ^'A-Associate 
B-Bachelor's 
D-Doctor 's 
L-Licentiate 
P-Prof essional School 
M-Master ' s 



(2) 



Graduate School is coeducational, 



Source: Maryland State Department of Education: 
and Universities, January 1973. 



State-Accredited Maryland Colleges and 



-38- 



NO. 32 
ENROLLMENT IN STATE ACCREDITED TWO YEAR COLLEGES: OCTOBER 1972 



COLLEGE 



TOTAL 



FULL TIME 
TOTAL 



PART TIME 
TOTAL (3) 



Allegany Community College 



(1) 



Anne Arundel Community Colleg 
Bay College of Maryland 
Catonsville Community College 
Cecil Community College 



(1) 



Charles County Community College 
Chesapeake College , .. 

Community College of Baltimore 
Dundalk Community College. 
Essex Community College 



(1) 



(1) 

) 

(2) 



Frederick Community College.' 
Garrett Community College 
Hagerstown Business College." 
Hagerstown Junior College... 
Harford Community College 

Howard Community College 

Montgomery College. . 

Ocean City College^ * 

Prince George's Community College 

Villa Julie College^ ' 



(1) 



1,141 




805 


336 


3,527 


1 


,620 


1,907 


351 




316 


35 


7,279 


2 


,651 


4,628 


674 




189 


485 


1,122 




389 


733 


582 




327 


255 


7,135 


2 


,698 


4,437 


633 




138 


495 


5,330 


2 


,612 


2,718 


1,089 




462 


627 


243 




107 


136 


447 




443 


4 


1,422 




793 


629 


2,618 




943 


1,675 


936 




317 


619 


10,645 


5 


,799 


4,846 


192 




105 


87 


7,888 


3 


,451 


4,437 


269 




246 


23 



(1) 

(2) 



Public 



Private. 



(3) 

Part time students represent most of the student body, and for the most part attend 

classes in the evening. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Education, State Accredited Maryland Colleges 
and Universities , January 1973. 



-39- 



COURTS AND LAW ENFORCEMENT 

This section deals with the Juvenile Facilities, adult correctional 
facilities, state trial courts (civil and criminal), and the federal trial 
court in Maryland (civil and criminal) . 

The juvenile facilities in Maryland are under the jurisdiction of the 
State Division of Juvenile Services, a constituent agency of the Department 
of Health and Mental Hygiene. In the twelve month period from July, 1971 
through June, 1972 there were 30,485 juvenile court cases reported with 
the largest number coming from Baltimore City (7,296), followed by the metro- 
politan counties of Prince George's (6,934), Baltimore (3,890), Montgomery (2,910) 
and Anne Arundel (2,393). The average daily population of the seven juvenile 
institutions in the State was 1,512. Comparable average population data 
available for June, 1973 show a 3.0 per cent decrease to 1,458 for June, 1973. 

Adult correctional institutions in the State housed an average daily 
population of 4,097 inmates in fiscal 1972. The average annual per capita 
cost per inmate was $4,723. More inmates were committed from Baltimore City 
(2,477) during fiscal 1972 than were committed from the combined counties 
(1,390). These statistics, of course, deal with the statewide correctional 
institutions, and local facilities are not included. The institutions covered 
in this publication are the Maryland House of Correction, Maryland Penetentiary , 
Maryland Correctional Institution-Hagerstown, Maryland Correctional Institution 
for Women- Jessup, and the Receiving Centers for Males and Females. 

As of August, 1972, there were 79 trial judges in the state which is 
divided into eight judicial districts for administrative purposes. Each 
county has a minimum of one jurist, and Baltimore City has 21 trial judges. 
On the basis of population per judge, the range is from 16,300 per judge in 



-40- 



Kent County to 77,478 per judge in Prince George's County. Though these 
extreme ranges are severe, a more moderate range will he noted generally by 
the reader of the table. On a statewide average, the population per judge is 
51,473 with 640 civil cases and 260 criminal cases representing the trial load. 
During the year from September 1, 1971 through August 31, 1972, 50,591 civil 
cases were filed in Maiyland trial courts, a decline of 12.8 per cent over the prior 
year, and 55,783 civil cases were disposed of in the same period, a 4.9 per cent 
increase in dispositions. 

There was a 7.9 per cent decrease in the filing of criminal cases, 
and an 28.6 per cent decrease in dispositions in this area. As a consequence, 
therefore, when all cases (civil and criminal) filed in the trial courts of 
Maryland are considered for this period, there were 71,137 cases filed, a 
decrease of 11.4 per cent, while there were 74,389 dispositions, representing 
a 6.1 per cent decrease. 

The United States District Court for the District of Maryland (coincident 
with the state boundaries) sits in Baltimore City. Relatively speaking 
its backlog remains in good condition. As of June 30, 1972 there were 1,601 
civil cases and 392 criminal cases pending. In absolute terms 1,762 civil 
cases and 597 criminal cases were terminated during the fiscal year. 

The bankruptcy backlog did increase somewhat over the same time frame, 
with 596 cases being commenced and 394 terminated. More than 12,400 passport 
applications were handled, and nearly 1,400 aliens were naturalized in the 
Court during the 1972 fiscal year. 



-41- 



NO. 33 



NUMBER OF JUDGES, POPULATION AND CASE LOAD PER JUDGE, MARYLAND 
TRIAL COURTS, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: AUGUST 1972 



JURISDICTION 


NUMBER OF 
JUDGES 


POPULATION 
PER JUDGE 


Maryland 


79 


51,473 


Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 


2 

6 

21 

9 

1 


42,000 
52,067 
42,748 
70,989 
22,300 


Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 


1 
1 
2 

1 
1 


19,900 
73,900 
27,200 
53,500 
29,300 


Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 


2 

1 
2 
2 

1 


44,200 
21,800 
61,900 
37,550 
16,300 


Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 


9 
9 

1 

1 
1 


62,189 
77,478 
18,900 
50,000 
18,800 


Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 


1 
2 
1 
1 


24,300 
52,500 
56,100 
24,500 



CASES FILED PER JUDGE 



CIVIL 



CRIMINAL 



640 



260 



461 


99 


556 


191 


857 


542 


709 


288 


444 


98 


224 


43 


663 


230 


384 


99 


500 


166 


329 


128 


452 


98 


329 


77 


576 


166 


432 


221 


271 


73 


552 


74 


773 


141 


194 


59 


583 


185 


267 


98 


319 


87 


530 


117 


771 


375 


399 


263 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Annual Report 1971-1972 , p. 10. 



-42- 



NO. 34 
CASES FILED IN TRIAL COURTS, MARYLAND: 1972 AND 1971 



(1) 



1972 



TYPE OF CASE 



FILED 



TERMINATED 



PER CENT CHANGE 

1971 1971/1972 

FILED TERMINATED F T 



Law 19,021 

Equity 31,570 

Total Civil Cases 50,591 

Criminal 20,546 

Total All Types 71,137 



23,185 


27,436 


25,385 


-30.7 


-8.7 


32,598 


30,549 


27,791 


3.3 


17.3 


55,783 


57,985 


53,176 


-12.8 


4.9 


18,606 


22,308 


26,041 


-7.9 


-28.6 


74,389 


80,293 


79,217 


-11.4 


-6.1 



September 1 of preceding year through August 31 of stated year. 
Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Annual Report 1971-1972 , p. 60-62, 



-43- 



NO. 35 

AVERAGE TIME INTERVALS, DISPOSITIONS OF APPEALS, MARYLAND COURT OF 
APPEALS, IN MONTHS: 1962-1971 



COURT 


TOTAL 


TERM 


INTERVAL 


1971 


5.4 


1970 


5.5 


1969 


5.7 


1968 


7.6 


1967 


8.9 


1966 


9.4 


1965 


8.7 


1964 


7.3 


1963 


6.1 


1962 


6.1 



DOCKETED TO 
ARGUMENT 



ARGUMENT TO 
DECISION 



4.4 
4.6 
4.6 
6.5 
7.8 
8.3 
7.9 
6.1 
4.9 
4.6 



1.0 
0.9 

1.1 
1.1 
1.1 
1.1 
0.8 
1.2 
1.2 
1.5 



Source: Administrative Office of the Courts, Annual Report 1971-1972 , p. 21 



-44- 



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-45_ 



NO. 37 

UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR MARYLAND, BANKRUPTCY, ADMINISTRATIVE, 
AND CITIZENSHIP MATTERS: JULY 1, 1971-JUNE 30, 1972 



BANKRUPTCY CASES 

Pending as of 7/1/71 794 

Commenced 596 

Terminated 394 

Pending as of 6/30/72 996 

PASSPORT APPLICATIONS 12,421 

PETITIONS FOR NATURALIZATION 1,483 

ALIENS NATURALIZED 1,362 



Source: Annual Report of the Director of the Administrative Office of the United 
States Courts, 1972. 



UNITED STATES DISTRICT COURT FOR MARYLAND, CIVIL AND CRIMINAL CASES: 

JULY 1, 1971-JUNE 30, 1972 



TOTAL CIVIL CASES (U.S. AND PRIVATE) 

Pending as of 7/1/71 1,880 

Commenced 1,483 

Terminated 1,762 

Pending as of 6/30/72 1,601 

CRIMINAL CASES 

Pending as of 7/1/71 364 

Commenced 630 

Terminated 597 

Pending as of 6/30/72 397 

Pending with fugitive defendants, etc. 71 



Includes fugitives and defendants serving in the Armed Forces. Data include 
only cases pending 6 months or more at the end of the fiscal year. 

Source: Annual Report of the Director of the Administrative Office of the United 
States Courts, 1972. 



-46- 



NO. 33 

JURISDICTIONS FROM WHICH COMMITTED PERSONS WERE RECEIVED 

FISCAL YEAR 1972 



.(1) 



JURISDICTION 



NUMBER 



PER CENT OF TOTAL 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



3,867 

22 

115 

2,477 

192 

31 



100.0 

.6 

3.0 

64.1 

5.0 
.8 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



15 

14 
45 
48 
25 



.4 

.4 

1.2 

1.2 

.6 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



62 
12 
35 
23 
23 



1.6 
.3 
.9 
.6 
.6 



Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



125 

350 

14 

33 

32 



3.2 

9.1 

.4 

.9 

.8 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



39 
35 
76 
24 



1.0 
.9 

2.0 
.6 



Percent totals may not add due to rounding. 

The receiving institutions are the Maryland House of Correction, the Maryland 
Penetentiary, the Maryland Correctional Institution-Hagerstown, the Maryland 
Correctional Institution for Women- Jessup, and the Receiving Centers for Males 
and Females. 

Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Forty-fourth Report, Fiscal Year 1972 , 
p. 41. 



-47- 



NO. 39 

AGE GROUPS OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT INSTITUTIONS 

FISCAL YEAR 1972 



AGE 



NUMBER 



PER CENT OF TOTAL 



Total 

16 years and younger 

17 years 

18 years 

19 years 

20 years 

21 years 
22-25 years 
26-30 years 
31-35 years 
36-40 years 
41-50 years 
51-60 years 

61 years and older 



3,867 

46 

114 

299 

365 

328 

345 

947 

612 

298 

213 

214 

70 

16 



100.0 
1.2 
2.9 
7.7 
9.4 
8.5 
8.9 
24.5 
15.8 
7.7 
5.5 
5.5 
1.8 
0.4 



Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Forty-fourth Report, Fiscal Year 1972 , 
p. 41. 



NO. 41 

LENGTHS OF SENTENCES OF COMMITTED PERSONS, ALL ADULT 
INSTITUTIONS: FISCAL YEAR 1972 



SENTENCE LENGTH 



NUMBER 



PER CENT OF TOTAL 



Total Sentences 


3,867 


3 months 


38 


4-6 months 


520 


7 months - 1 year 


551 


13-18 months 


542 


19 months - 2 years 


369 


25 months - 3 years 


468 


37 months - 5 years 


561 


61 months - 8 years 


271 


97 months - 10 years 


229 


121 months - 15 years 


132 


More than 15 years 


143 


Life 


38 


To be executed 


4 


Indefinite 


1 



100.0 

1.0 

13.4 

14.2 

14.0 

9.5 

12.1 

14.5 

7.0 

5.9 

3.4 

3.7 

1.0 

0.1 

(1) 



Less than .1 per cent. 
Per cent totals may not add due to rounding. 

Source: Maryland Division of Correction, Forty-fourth Report, Fiscal Year 1972 , 
p. 40. 



NO. 40 

DISPOSITION OF JUVENILE COURT CASES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 

FISCAL YEAR 1972 



REPORTED CASES CUMULATIVE TOTAL 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION JUNE, 1972 FISCAL YEAR 

Maryland 3,231 30,485 

Allegany 43 457 

Anne Arundel 197 2,393 

Baltimore City 1,234 7,296 

Baltimore 345 3,890 

Calvert 26 216 

Caroline 11 129 

Carroll 10 285 

Cecil 27 485 

Charles 60 638 

Dorchester 9 203 

Frederick 53 487 

Garrett 12 137 

Harford 94 1,075 

Howard 58 417 

Kent 5 154 

Montgomery 172 2,910 

Prince Georges 650 6,934 

Queen Anne's 9 168 

St. Mary's 53 324 

Somerset 8 118 

Talbot 6 151 

Washington 33 609 

Wicomico 20 288 

Worcester 9 721 



Source: State of Maryland, Department of Juvenile Services, June, 1972. 



-49- 



NO. 41 
COMPARISON OF JUVENILE INSTITUTIONS - AVERAGE POPULATIONS 

JUNE 1973 AND JUNE 1972 



INSTITUTION 



AVERAGE DAILY POPULATION 



PER CENT CHANGE 



JUNE, 1973 



JUNE, 1972 JUNE, 1972 - JUNE, 1973 



Boys' Village 

Maryland Training School 

for Boys 
Montrose School for Girls 
Victor Cullen 
Forestry Camps 
Maryland Children's Center 
T. J. S. Waxter 

Totals 



331 



302 



290 


381 


298 


279 


215 


212 


170 


170 


110 


112 


44 


56 


1,458 


1,512 



9.6 

-23.9 
6.8 

1.4 
NC 

-1.8 
-21.4 

-3.0 



Source: State of Maryland, Department of Juvenile Services, Monthly Report, 
June, 1973, Table 16. 



NO. 42 
ADULT CORRECTIONAL INSTITUTIONAL POPULATIONS 



FISCAL YEAR 197 2 



INSTITUTION 



RATED 
CAPACITY 



AVERAGE DAILY 
POPULATION 



ANNUAL PER 
CAPITA COSTS 



Maryland House of Correction 
Maryland Penitentiary 
Maryland Correctional 

Institution, Hagerstown 
Maryland Correctional 

Institution for Women 
Correctional Camps 
Central Laundry 

Totals 

Average Per Capita Cost 



1,052 
998 

1,624 



4,829 



1,450 
1,056 

1,582 



229 


119 


814 


715 


112 


175 



5,097 



$4,163 
$5,524 

$4,464 

$10,891 
$3,732 
$1,229 



$4,723 



Source: Maryland Division of Correction Forty-Fourth Report, Fiscal Year 1972 , 
p. 13. 



-50- 



CLIMATE OF MARYLAND 

Maryland lies in the region midway between the rigorous climates of the 
North and the mild climates of the South. Since it is located in the middle 
latitudes where the general atmospheric flow is from West to East across 
North America, it has a continental type of climate with its marked temperature 
contrast between summer and winter; however, two important bodies of water, 
the Chesapeake Bay and the Atlantic Ocean have an important modifying control 
on the climate, especially by moderating extreme temperatures of adjacent areas. 

The average annual temperature ranges from 48° F in the Garrett County area 
to 58 F in the lower Chesapeake Bay area. The highest temperature on record 
is 109 recorded at several places in Allegany and Frederick Counties while 
the lowest is -40° F at Oakland, Garrett County. Based on the 1931 - 1960 
period, the average annual precipitation ranges from as much as 46 to 49 
inches at opposite ends of the State, Allegany Plateau and Southern Eastern 
Shore, to as little as 36 inches in the Cumberland area located in the "rain 
shadow" just to the east of the Allegany Plateau. Elsewhere over the State, 
the annual precipitation ranges monthly between 40 to 44 inches. Monthly 
distribution is quite uniform, averaging between 2 and 4 inches each month 
and reaching a maximum between 4 and 5 1/2 inches in July or August. Annual 
snowfall ranges from a minimum of 8 to 10 inches along the coastal areas of 
southern Eastern Shore to a maximum of near 100 inches in parts of Garrett 
County. 

Prevailing winds are mostly from the west-northwest to northwest 
except during the months of May through September when they become more southerly, 
Damaging or dangerous storms, such as tornadoes, hurricanes, and blizzards, 
are infrequent. 

-51- 



The climate of Maryland is a dependable natural resource which provides 
an excellent setting for the agricultural, industrial, commercial and recreational 
activities of its citizens. 



-52- 



NO. 43 
LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 

CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED 



STATION 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



LATITUDE 
(NORTH) 



LONGTITUDE 
(WEST) 



ELEVATION 
(FEET) 



Annapolis (U. S. Naval 
Academy) 

Baltimore Weather Bureau 
(City Office Customs 
House) 

Baltimore Weather Bureau 
(Baltimore-Washington 
International Airport) 

Boyds (2 miles northwest) 

Cambridge 

Centreville 

Chestertown 

Clarksville (3 miles 
north-northeast) 

College Park 

Conowingo Dam 

Crisfield Dam 

Cumberland 

Denton 

Easton 

Elkton 

Frederick 

Frostburg 

Hagerstown 

Hancock 

La Plata 



Anne Arundel 



Baltimore City 



38°59' 



39°17' 



76°29' 



76°37' 



40 



14 



Anne Arundel 


39°11' 


76°40' 


148 


Montgomery 


30°12» 


77°20' 


580 


Dorchester 


38°34' 


76°09' 


5 


Queen Anne's 


39°03' 


76°03' 


46 


Kent 


39°13' 


76°04' 


35 


Howard 


39°15' 


76°56' 


365 


Prince George's 


38°59' 


76°56' 


70 


Harford 


39°39' 


76°10' 


40 


Somerset 


37°59' 


75°52' 


7 


Allegany 


39°39' 


78°45' 


945 


Caroline 


38°54' 


75°51' 


40 


Talbot 


38°45' 


76°04' 


40 


Cecil 


39°30' 


75°50' 


28 


Frederick 


39°25' 


71°28' 


435 


Allegany 


39°39' 


78°56' 


2,035 


Washington 


39°38' 


77°41' 


560 


Washington 


39°42' 


78°11' 


428 


Charles 


38°32' 


77°00' 


140 



(continued on following page) 



-53- 



NO. 43 
LOCATION OF MARYLAND WEATHER STATIONS FOR WHICH 

CLIMATOLOGICAL DATA ARE PRESENTED (Cont'd.) 





STATION 


POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 


LATITUDE 
(NORTH) 


LONGTITUDE 
(WEST) 


ELEVATION 
(FEET) 


Leonardtown 


St. Mary's 


38°19' 


76°40' 


40 


Millington 


Kent 


39°16' 


75°51' 


30 


Oakland 


Garrett 


39°24' 


o 
79 24' 


2,420 


Ocean City 


Worcester 


38°20' 


75°05' 


17 


Owings Ferry Landing 


Calvert 


38°42' 


76°41' 


120 


Princess Anne 


Somerset 


38°13' 


75°41* 


20 


Salisbury 


Wicomico 


38°22' 


75°35' 


10 


Snow Hill 


Worcester 


38°11 T 


75°24' 


14 


Solomons 


Calvert 


38°19' 


76°27' 


12 


Towson 


Baltimore 


39°24' 


76°37' 


410 


Washington 

(National Airport) 


District of 
Columbia 


38°51' 


77°02' 


10 


Westminster 


Carroll 


39°35' 




77 oo' 


770 


Woodstock 


Baltimore 


39°20' 


76°52' 


415 



-54- 



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co 
H 



O 
c-1 

P 

W 
H 
O 

w 

►H 

w 

CO 

H 

<! 



O 

CO 



S3 

O 
H 
H 

M 
Pm 
M 
CJ 



w 



CO 

CO 

w 



o 

vO 

o-n 



<1 co 



O 
O 



P 

w 

H 
O 
IS 

w 

CO 

M 

w 

IX! 
H 
O 



P 



CJ 

w 
n 



> 
o 



H 
CJ 
O 



H 
Pw 
W 
CO 



3 






NO. 45 



Pi 

to 



pq 

w 
to 









-3- 










S3- 










co 




co 


CN 


CO 


ST 


<f 


-a- 


00 


i-H 


00 


00 


co 


CM 


co 


co 


vD 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


co 


cn 


CO 


m 


o 


r^ 


o 


c\ 


sr 


r^ 


sr 


CN 


co 


r-» 


CM 


vC 


sr 


IT) 


<f 


CN 


vO 


in 


m 


sr 




vO 


sr 


m 


CO 


CO 


0> 


<r 


VO 


i— i 


r-- 


o> 


m 


CM 


CM 


sr 


CN 


o 


■—I 


r^ 


C^ 


• 


• 


• 


m 


• 


• 


• 


• 


o\ 


• 


• 


• 


• 


CO 


• 


I— 1 


in 


CO 


• 


CO 


00 


co 


i— < 


• 


i-H 


i-H 


in 


CO 


• 


in 


<r 


CM 


CO 


CO 




sr 


co 


St 


CN 




sr 


CM 


CO 


CM 




r> 


.—i 


o> 


CT> 


CTi 


sr 


i — i 


CO 


sr 


1—1 


CN 


co 


CO 


vO 


in 


• 


• 


• 


CO 


• 


• 


• 


• 


CN 


• 


• 


• 


• 


VO 


• 


m 


<r 


co 


• 




CT« 


CO 


1—1 


• 




co 


sr 


CO 


• 


i— t 


bO 


co 


>3- 


CO 




m 


<r 


m 


CO 




m 


CO 


sr 


CN 




co 


CM 


CO 


vO 


i—l 


CN 


CT* 


i— i 


r^ 


H 


VO 


sr 


o 


i— 1 


H 


• 


• 


• 


CN 


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• 


• 


• 


CO 




• 


• 


• 


sr 




vO 


in 


m 


• 




o 


CO 


CM 


• 




00 


CO 


VO 






vO 


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m 


CO 




r-- 


m 


VO 


CO 




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sr 


m 


CN 




i — i 


c 


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CN 


o 


CTi 


<r 


r>« 


CO 


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sr 


CO 


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00 


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• 


• 


• 


m 




• 


• 


• 


CO 




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• 


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r~- 




r^ 


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O 


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CM 


• 




00 


CO 


m 


• 




r> 


m 


VO 


co 




00 


vO 


r~^ 


CO 




r». 


m 


vO 


CN 




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i — i 


vO 


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00 


CM 


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m 


o 


00 


CO 


vO 


O 


O 


• 


• 


• 


sr 




• 


• 


• 


o 




• 


• 


• 


m 




sr 


co 


CO 


• 




m 


o 


CO 


• 




sr 


o 


CN 


• 




oo 


vD 


r^ 


sr 




00 


I--. 


r-~ 


m 




co 


VD 


r^ 


CO 




o> 


<T 


i—i 


o 


o 


■— i 


vO 


sf 


m 


o 


m 


CO 


a\ 


1—1 


o 


• 


• 


• 


00 




• 


• 


• 


o 




• 


• 


• 


sr 




LO 


<T 


m 


• 




r^- 


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a\ 


• 




VO 


i — i 


CO 


• 




CO 


vO 


r^ 


<f 




00 


r^ 


r^ 


m 




00 


vO 


r- 


CO 




VD 


h* 


r- 


CO 


o 


00 


r> 


CO 


i-H 


o 


r» 


r^ 


i— i 


VO 


o 


• 


• 


• 


CN 




• 


• 


• 


CO 




• 


• 


• 


ON 




1—1 


o-. 


o 


• 




CO 


vO 


m 


• 




CM 


i^ 


o 


• 




CO 


m 


r-> 


sr 




00 


vO 


r^ 


CO 




00 


00 


r^ 


co 




vD 


i— 1 


CO 


CO 


o 


i-H 


vO 


o> 


CT\ 


o 


r^ 


o 


o> 


o 


H 


• 


• 


• 


sr 




• 


• 


• 


VO 




• 


• 


• 


sr 




co 


i — 1 


CM 


• 




vO 


t-- 


VO 


• 




in 


o 


CN 


• 




r^ 


m 


vO 


sr 




r^. 


m 


vO 


CO 




r~- 


m 


VO 


CO 




C7\ 


CTN 


o> 


00 


1—1 


m 


CM 


CTi 


VO 


H 


00 


CO 


r— I 


■—I 


CO 


• 


• 


• 


m 


• 


• 


• 


• 


VD 




• 


• 


• 


r~- 


• 


CM 


O 


.— I 


• 




vO 


r-» 


vO 


• 




sr 


i— i 


CO 


• 




vD 


<r 


m 


CO 




vO 


<r 


m 


co 




vO 


sr 


m 


CO 




in 


CTn 


r- 


CT\ 


vO 


r— I 


00 


m 


■—1 


r-- 


CN 


00 


O 


i-H 


o 


• 


• 


• 


<y\ 


• 


• 


• 


• 


o 


• 


• 


• 


• 


CTi 


• 


o 


O 


o 


• 


m 


m 


r^ 


vO 


• 


i-H 


i—i 


o 


i-h 


• 


o> 


LO 


CO 


<r 


CO 




m 


CO 


sr 


sr 




m 


CO 


sr 


co 




o^ 


<t 


CM 


r»» 


CN 


CO 


m 


CT\ 


m 


CO 


00 


CO 


VO 


r-^ 


CN 


• 


• 


• 


00 


• 


• 


• 


• 


i—i 


• 


• 


• 


• 


vO 


• 


I-H 


<r 


CO 


• 


m 


00 


i — i 


CT> 


• 


CM 


CO 


m 


sr 


• 


00 


<r 


CM 


CO 


CN 




<r 


CO 


CO 


co 




sr 


CM 


CO 


CM 




vd 


vD 


VO 


•* 


00 


00 


00 


CO 


vO 


co 


00 


vD 


CM 


m 


CM 


• 


• 


• 


<r 


• 


• 


• 


• 


m 


• 


• 


• 


• 


m 


• 


o> 


CO 


1—1 


• 


st 


vO 


I— 1 


CTi 


• 


CM 


o 


CO 


CM 


• 


P>s 


co 


CM 


CO 


CO 




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CO 


CO 


CO 




sr 


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co 


CM 





w 






5 



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M 

H 
< 
H 

CO 



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4-1 

c 

o 
u 

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to 

o 

U 

cd 





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O 
60| 
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O 


O 
vJ 









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VO 








CT\ 


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3 3 






1 


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vO 


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CO 


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to H ^ >, 


H 




r-i i-H 
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c 


rH 


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tH rH +J 


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CO 


& 13 


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4-1 


o 


c o 


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co 


H 


co a 


4-1 


4-) 




CD 


id • • • 


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• 


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U 60 60 60 


a 


60 


60^" 


CO > > > 


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CJ 


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4-1 
ti 

o 
o 
o 

4-J 

a) 
co 
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o 

CO 



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% 








e 





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a 


c 






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H 




H 


toS 


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iH 






cd 


^fo 


>» JC 


c 


T-i 


m 


H 


iH 4-J 


O 


<^, 


S 


CU-H 


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4-1 


o 


u cd 


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4-) 


o 


d 


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cd 


H 


CO 


4-» 




4-1 






cd • 


• • 


•H 


• 


• 


U 60 


60 60 


a 


60 


60 


CD > 


> > 


•H 


> 


> 


Pj< 


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U 


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cu 




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H 




PL, 







o 

CJ 

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C 
cd 

6C 
0) 



o 





1 


e 








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3 


3 








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e 





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• 






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X 


a 


3 






3 -H 


^^ 


Cfl 


s >, 


H 




^ 


•"5 


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Js 


n— ' 




H 


CU 


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rH 






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3 


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IM 


3 




H 


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CO 


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4-J 


O 


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M 


cd 


cd o 


4-> 


o 


3 


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3 


P 


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CO 


H 


CO 


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4-1 






4J 






cu a\ 


CO 


• 


• • 


•H 


• 


• 


P<J ^H 


u 


60 


60 60 


CX 


60 


60 


^^ 


CU 


> 


> > 


•H 


> 


> 




a, < 


< < 


U 


< 


< 




e 






CU 








CD 






U 








H 






Pw 









-60- 



NO. 45 



H 



B 

M 

O 

»-J 

Q 
W 
H 
U 

w 
r-J 
w 
CO 

H 
< 

►J 
< 



o 

S25 



2 
O 
H 
H 
<C 
H 
M 

M 
CJ 

Oh 



CO 
CO 

w 

3> 

o 

CTi 



co 

ON 



►J 



O 

w 

H 
< 
H 

CO 



T3 
4-1 

3 

O 
O 



Q 
W 
H 

O 

W 

CO 

M 

w 
3 

H 

o 



Q 



> 

o 

2 



H 
U 
O 



H 

PH 
W 

00 



O 
3> 



33 



w 

3> 
►o 



p* 

Ph 



pi 












CO 




co 


so 


r^ 


CO 


oo 


vD 


sr 


m 


CO 


cc 


v£5 


<r 


m 


st 


r« 


On 


UO 


i->. 


nO 


o> 


• 


• 


• 


st 


• 


m 


r^. 


VD 


• 


CM 


St 


CM 


CO 


CO 




St 


sr 


St 


m 


H 


co 


^o 


r^. 


• 


H 


m 


CO 


St 


CO 




On 


xO 


00 


r^ 


H 


• 


• 


• 


CO 




CTi 


m 


r«. 


• 




vD 


sr 


m 


CM 




co 


00 


00 


00 


O 


• 


• 


• 


CM 




o 


vD 


CO 


• 




co 


m 


vO 


CO 




co 


St 


^O 


o 

CO 


o 


vD 


sr 


m 


• 




co 


vD 


r^ 


in 




m 


r-^ 


H 


vO 


o 


• 


• 


• 


\© 




CO 


m 


r^. 


• 




co 


vC 


r^ 


st 




co 


o 


on 


rH 


o 


• 


■ 


• 


r^- 




sr 


rH 


CM 


• 




CO 


MO 


r^ 


co 




i^ 


o 


St 


On 


o 


• 


• 


• 


CM 




v£> 


CM 


st 


• 




!*«• 


m 


*£> 


co 




O 


o 


O 


00 


CM 


• 


• 


• 


CO 


• 


P> 


CO 


m 


• 


. -j 


xO 


<r 


m 


co 




CO 


Ln 


CM 


ON 


r~- 


• 


• 


• 


H 


• 


CO 


CM 


CO 


• 


CO 


in 


CO 


St 


st 




CO 


Ln 


CM 


st 


O. 


• 


• 


• 


CO 


• 


Ln 


vO 


vjO 


• 


St 


<r 


Cxi 


CO 


CM 




r>» 


O 


st 


st 


O 


• 


■ 


• 


r~- 


• 


cm 


sr 


CO 


• 


\D 


sl- 


CM 


CO 


CM 











m 




<r 


sr 


st 


vO 


CM 


• 


• 


• 


• 


• 


^o 


mD 


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st 


m 


xD 


sr 


m 


st 


iH 


St 


co 


ON 


co 


co 


• 


• 


• 


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• 


vD 


ON 


nO 


• 


CM 


St 


CM 


co 


CO 




r^ 


H 


on 


CO 


r-^ 


• 


• 


• 


m 


• 


r^ 


CO 


I-* 


• 




m 


CO 


st 


CO 




r^ 


co 


co 


00 


H 


• 


• 


• 


i-H 




CO 


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00 


• 




vO 


sr 


m 


co 




r^ 


^D 


CM 


m 
o> 


O 


on 


CO 


a\ 


• 




r»» 


m 


vO 


co 




r*. 


Ln 


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co 


o 


• 


• 


• 


O 




m 


m 


in 


• 




CO 


xD 


r^ 


m 




m 


H 


co 


st 


o 


• 


• 


• 


r^- 




r^ 


r^ 


r - * 


• 




CO 


■■O 


r^ 


st 




ON 


m 


CM 


CO 


o 


CO 


CM 


co 


• 




CO 


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r~ 


CO 




co 


xO 


r^ 


00 
CO 


o 


Ln 


CO 


st 


• 




r-» 


Ln 


^o 


CO 




r>> 


m 


vO 


00 


CM 


• 


• 


• 


st 


• 


sr 


CO 


st 


• 




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sr 


m 


CO 




CO 


CO 


CO 


m 


CO 


• 


• 


• 


CTv 


• 


sr 


sr 


sr 


• 


CO 


m 


CO 


st 


co 




sr 


a*. 


CM 


m 


sr 


• 


• 


• 


ON 


• 


SO 


r-« 


r-» 


• 


sr 


<t 


CM 


ci 


CM 




on 


CM 


vC 


|-» 


CO 


• 


• 


• 


st 


• 


sr 


co 


vjO 


• 


CO 


sr 


CM 


CO 


, ^ 











m 




vO 


•<!■ 


m 


co 


ts. 


n 


CO 


st 


m 


O 


vO 


st 


m 


st 


CM 


CM 


CO 


co 


ON 


CO 


• 


• 


• 


H 


• 


sr 


\D 


m 


• 


CO 


sr 


CM 


co 


co 




rH 


v£> 


st 


m 


r-i 


• 


• 


• 


m 


• 


vO 


st 


m 


• 


H 


m 


CO 


st 


co 




vD 


«d- 


m 


CO 


H 


• 


• 


• 


CM 


• 


co 


st 


\D 


• 




vO 


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m 


co 




r-~ 


ct. 


00 


^D 


O 


• 


• 


• 


m 




ON 


m 


r^ 


• 




r*» 


m 


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On 


m 


CM 


o 


• 


• 


• 


o 




xO 


CM 


sr 


• 




CO 


so 


r-~ 


m 




ON 


m 


CM 


in 


o 


• 


• 


• 


CO 




r» 


st 


vO 


• 




w 


\o 


r^. 


st 




o 


\D 


00 


vO 


o 


• 


• 


• 


ON 




st 


<J\ 


H 


• 




CO 


Ln 


r^ 


CO 




r> 


co 


CO 


m 


o 


• 


• 


• 


CM 




m 


o 


co 


• 




r^- 


m 


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o> 


r^ 


00 


O 


H 


• 


• 


• 


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• 


sr 


o 


CM 


• 




xD 


sr 


m 


co 





oo sr H 



ON 



CM 


rH 


CM 


• 


m 


m 


CO 


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sr 




CM 


ON 


^O 


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ON 


co 


sr 


sr 


st 


• 


m 


sr 


CM 


CO 


CM 




sr 


H 


00 


vO 


r~- 


• 


• 


• 


st 


• 


CM 


m 


CO 


• 


sr 


sr 


CM 


co 


CO 





CD 
60 
CO 
CX 

00 
C 

•H 
& 
O 

rH 



c 
o 

-o 
a) 

3 
C 



2 









H 



a 

o 

M 

H 

< 
H 
00 



4J 

a 

o 
u 

0) 

c 





g 


g 






O 


• — » 




e 


B 










6 


B 








3 


3 






r^ 


>N 




3 


3 






/ — V 




3 


3 








i 


B 






ON 


4-1 







e 






>N 




e 


e 








•H 


•H ^-n 






rH 


3 




•H 


•H /~s 






4-1 




•H 


•H /-v 








S 


d 






1 


3 




X 


3 






3 




X 


3 








•H 3 




rH 


CM 


O 




cO 


•H 3 




rH 


3 




CO 


•H 3 




rH 


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-65- 



NO. 45 



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CN 
















1^ 












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-66- 



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3 


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CO 


00 


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-67- 



NATURAL RESOURCES 

Maryland's 2,885,000 acres of commercial forest land represent 46 per cent 
of the total land area of the State. There is considerable variance among 
the counties, varying from approximately 30 per cent in Carroll and Talbot 
Counties to approximately 70 per cent in Allegany and Garrett Counties. The 
vast majority of commercial forest land is held in private hands (approximately 
93.5 per cent) while the remaining 6.5 per cent is held publicly. 

Nearly 80 per cent of the timber in Maryland is of the hardwood varieties, 
and some 214.1 million board feet of lumber were cut in fiscal 1971. Forest fires 
are always a threat, and in fiscal 1972, 334 forest fires burned a total area of 
795 acres. This figure represents a dramatic reduction from 631 fires and 1,358 
acres burned in fiscal 1967. The improvement is noted rather generally among all 
of the political subdivisions of the State, with only one county experiencing any 
significant increment in the acres of area burned, when one looks at the two comparative 
years. 

Nearly $99.5 million worth of mineral products were extracted in 1971. The 
leading commodity continued to be stone, which accounted for 40 per cent of the 
total value of the State's mineral production, while sand and gravel made up 23 
per cent of the total value. All of the political subdivisions except Baltimore 
City and Queen Anne's County shared in mineral production, with major portions 
of the State total being produced in Baltimore, Frederick, Prince George's, Garrett 
and Cecil Counties. 

Seafood is a very important resource, as might be expected, with the State's 
location touching both the Atlantic Ocean and the Chesapeake Bay. In reality, the 
reported data understates substantially the actual data because of the great number 
of sport fishermen in the State. Data supplied by the U. S. Department of the 
Interior indicate a Maryland catch in 1968 of more than $20.5 million. The major 



-68- 



share of this catch lies in shellfish with a value in excess of $18.8 million. 
These shellfish values are led by oysters (nearly $11.4 million), clams (nearly 
$4.2 million), and crabs (over $3.2 million). The leading finfish catches by 
value are striped bass ($861,892), and white perch ($240,144). 



-69- 



NO. 46 

COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND AREA BY STAND-SIZE CLAS; 
IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1963 



STAND-SIZE 
CLASS 



UNITED MARYLAND PENNSYL- DELAWARE VIRGINIA WEST 
STATES & D.C. VANIA VIRGINIA 



Total 1,000 Acres 508,845 
Per cent of U.S. Total 100.00 

Sawtimber 
1,000 Acres 

Pole timber 164,794 

1,000 Acres 

Seedling & Sapling 99,573 
1,000 Acres 

Not Stocked 35,533 



2,897 
.56 



208,945 1,416 



896 



451 



134 



15,089 
2.95 

4,033 

7,451 

3,416 

489 



391 15,829 11,389 
.07 3.10 2.23 



211 7.184 



129 6,623 



45 1,744 



278 



5,605 



3,105 



2,445 



234 



Source: U.S. Forest Service Timber Trends in the United States , February 1965, 

NO. 47 
FOREST LAND AREA IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1963 



TYPE 



UNITED MARYLAND PENNSYL- WEST 

STATES & D.C. VANIA DELAWARE VIRGINIA VIRGINIA 
1000 Acres 1000 Acres 1000 Acres 1000 Acres 1000 Acres 1000 Acres 



Total Land Area 


2 


,271,343 


6,358 


28,805 


1,266 


25,496 


15,411 


Forest Land 
















Area 




758,865 


2,920 


15,186 


392 


16,492 


11,469 


% of total land 




.33 


.43 


.52 


.30 


.64 


.74 


Commercial Forest 
















Land 




508,845 


2,897 


15,089 


391 


15,829 


11,389 


% of all forest 
















land 




.67 


.99 


.99 


.99 


.96 


.99 


Non-Commercial 
















Forest Land 




250,020 


23 


97 


1 


663 


80 


% of all forest 
















land 




.32 


.78 


.63 


.39 


1.63 


.69 


Reserved forest 
















land 




16,008 


20 


97 


1 


259 


46 


Source: U.S. Forest 


Service, 


Timber 


Trends in the 


United Stat 


es, Feb 


ruary 1965. 



-70- 



CO 
vO 
On 



CO 
W 

% 

H 
c/3 

Q 
W 
H 
M 
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is 

H 















NO. 


48 


















on 


00 


^o 


sf 


cm 




ON rH 


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VO 


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00 


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• 


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ft 














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wed 






























3:m 






























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OO 


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5-i 

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-71- 



NO. 49 



H 

co 
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53 
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-72- 



NO. 50 
NET VOLUME OF LIVE SAWTIMBER IN SAWTIMBER STANDS 
ON COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND IN MARYLAND AND NEIGHBORING STATES 
AND THE CONTINENTAL UNITED STATES: 1963 





STAND-SIZE CLASS 


UNITED STATES 


MARYLAND 


PENNSYLVANIA 


DELAWARE 


VIRGINIA 


W. VIRGINIA 


Sawtimber Million 
Bd. Ft. 


2,536,799 


8,792 




27,732 




1,255 


37,120 


30,399 


Per Cent of U.S. 
Total 


100.00 


.34 




1.08 




.04 


1.44 


1.18 


Softwood 


2,058,022 


1,669 




2,351 




546 


12,701 


1,565 


Per Cent of U.S. 
Total 


100.00 


.08 




.11 




.02 


.60 


.07 


Hardwood 


478,777 


7,123 




25,381 




709 


24,419 


28,834 


Per Cent of U.S. 
Total 


100.00 


1.4 




5.2 




.14 


5.0 


5.9 


Source: U.S. Forest Service, 


Timber Trends 


in the Uni 


ted 


States 


, February 


1965, 



Appendix, Table 11, p. 155. 



NO. 51 
NET VOLUME OF LIVE SAWTIMBER AND GROWING STOCK ON COMMERCIAL FOREST LANDS 
IN MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: JANUARY 1, 1963 





LIVE 


SAWTIMBER 




GROWING STOCK 




SPECIES 


(MILLION BD 


. FT 


.) 


(MILLION CU. FT, 


.) 


Eastern Softwoods, Total 




1,669 






Eastern Softwoods, Total 


- 833 


White & Red Pine 




32 






Shortleaf & Loblolly Pine- 480 


Shortleaf & Loblolly Pine 




1,114 






Other Yellow Pines 


- 293 


Other 




523 






Other Softwoods 


" 60 


Eastern Hardwoods, Total 




7,123 






Eastern Hardwoods, Total 


-2,862 


White Oak 




1,034 






Oak 


-1,299 


Red Oak 




910 






Beech, Yellow Birch & 




Other Oaks 




1,377 






Hard Maple 


- 148 


Soft Maple & Beech 




646 






Hickory 


- 137 


Sweet Gum 




817 






Sweet gum 


- 321 


Tupelo & Blackgum 




228 






Tupelo & Blackgum 


91 


Hickory 




314 






Yellow Poplar 


- 381 


Yellow Poplar 




1,338 






Other 


- 485 


Other 




457 










Source: U.S. Forest Service, 


Timber Trends in 


the 


United States, February 1965, 


i 



Appendix, Tables 12 and 14, pp. 159 and 161 respectively. 



-73- 



NO. 52 
ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF GROWING STOCK ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND, MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: 1963 



ANNUAL CUT NET GROWTH 

CUBIC FEET CUBIC FEET 

SPECIES GROUP (1,000) (1,000) 

All Species 73,826 93,662 

Softwoods 28,100 20,390 

Hardwoods 45,726 73,272 



Source: U.S. Forest Service, Resource Bulletin NE-7, The Timber Resources of 
Maryland, 1967, Appendix Table 21, p. 54. 



NO. 53 
ANNUAL CUT AND NET ANNUAL GROWTH OF LIVE SAWTIMBER ON 
COMMERCIAL FOREST LAND, MARYLAND, BY SPECIES GROUP: 1963 



ANNUAL CUT NET GROWTH 

BOARD FEET BOARD FEET 

SPECIES GROUP (1,000) (1,000) 

All Species 233,664 269,125 

Softwoods 96,858 59,125 

Hardwoods 136,806 210,000 



Source: U.S. Forest Service, Resources Bulletin NE-7, The Timber Resources of 
Maryland, 1967, Appendix Table 21, p. 54. 



-74- 



NO. 54 





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-75- 



NO. 55 
NUMBER OF FOREST FIRES AND AREA BURNED IN MARYLAND, BY 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: YEARS 1972 and 1967 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 


AREA BURNED 


NUMBER OF 


AREA BURNED 


FIRES 


1972(1) 


FIRES 


1967 ( 2 ) 


1972 


(ACRES) 


1967 


(ACRES) 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore 
Calvert 
Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 

Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
Somerset 
St. Mary's 
Talbot 

Washington 

Wicomico 

Worcester 



334(3) 



U) 



(2) 



Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1972, 



795 



12 


36 


11 


49 


78 


46 


10 


14 


4 


16 


6 


14 


16 


28 


8 


10 


36 


341 


18 


26 


4 


1 


34 


11 


15 


36 


2 


2 


17 


23 


12 


11 


2 


1 


13 


78 


8 


12 


2 


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35 


4 


2 


6 


3 



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35 
17 
69 
6 
13 

20 
22 
18 
38 
32 

21 
69 
13 
4 
16 

32 

14 

45 

2 

10 

20 
82 
33 



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195 
73 
71 
18 
23 

28 

80 

56 

113 

42 

93 
69 

61 

4 

37 

102 
41 
92 
11 
21 

34 
61 
34 



Fiscal Year Ending June 30, 1967. 

(3)woodland endangered not included. 
(^)Less than one acre. 

Source: Maryland Department of Natural Resources, Annual Report , 1972 



-76- 



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-77- 



NO. 57 

NUMBER OF COMMERCIAL FISHERMEN AND GEAR IN MARYLAND: 

1970, 1960, AND 1950 



ITEM 



1970 



1960 



1950 



Total Fishermen 



11,668 



9,096 



8,607 



Vessels - Motor 

Vessels - Sail 

Boats 

Haul Seines 

Gill Nets: Anchor, Stake or Set 

Drift Gill Nets 
Hand Lines 
Crab Trot Lines 
Pound Nets 

Fyke & Hoop Nets 
Dip Nets 
Crab Pots 
Eel Traps 
Fish Pots 

Turtle Pots 
Scrapes 
Clam Dredges 
Crab Dredges 
Oyster Dredges 

Oyster Tongs 
Other Tongs 
Rakes 
Otter Trawls 



721 


389 


23 


39 


61 


113 


8,836 


5,798 


6,011 


97 


113 


279 


1,961 


1,759 


593 


393 


431 


335 


424 


452 


235 


5,583 


1,983 


1,131 


219 


316 


592 


306 


1,488 


373 


110 


252 


711 


86,160 


58,000 


24,030 


9,386 


6,796 


20,293 


2,309 


600 


510 


75 


249 


133 


86 


462 


408 


277 


199 


4 


— 


11 


N/A 


122 


216 


306 


4,263 


4,698 


4,008 


61 


145 


60 


— 


6 


98 


23 


33 


13 



Source: U. S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Chesapeake 
Fisheries, for years reported. 1970 unpublished material. 



-78- 



NO. 58 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY: 1971, 1969, AND 1967 









1971 


1969 


1967 


SPECIES 




(1,000 POUNDS) 


(1,000 POUNDS) 


(1,000 


POUNDS) 


Total, All Species 




75 


,113 


74,831 


74 


,666 


Finfish 




16 


,180 


18,832 


24 


,347 


Alewives 




2 


,810 


3,458 


2 


,337 


Bluef ish 






141 


54 




18 


Butterfish 






19 


31 




45 


Carp 






203 


122 




158 


Catfish and Bullheads 




415 


237 




375 


Cod 






4 


13 




21 


Crappie 






14 


2 




3 


Drum, Black 






1 


3 




18 


Eels , Common 






234 


313 




274 


Flounder 






314 


263 




617 


Gizzard Shad 






15 


15 




13 


Hake, Red 






19 


11 




19 


Herring, Sea 






1 


— 




5 


Hickory Shad 






11 


20 




7 


Mackerel, Boston 






10 


30 




43 


Menhaden 




5 


,958 


3,456 


3 


,001 


Pike or Pickerel 






— 


6 




9 


Scup (Porgy) 






27 


49 




202 


Sea Bass 






140 


147 




154 


Sea Robin 






— 


86 




321 


Sea Trout 






408 


175 




85 


Shad 






953 


1,202 




867 


Sharks 






33 


131 




136 


Spanish Mackerel 






1 


— 




4 


Spot 






22 


21 




248 


Striped Bass 




2 


,743 


5,088 


4 


,150 


Sturgeon 






3 


6 




7 


Sunfish 






7 


4 




6 


Swellfish 






61 


1,462 


3 


,200 


Tuna, Bluef in 






— 


— 




299 


White Perch 




1 


,508 


2,153 


1 


,247 


Whiting 






6 


34 




59 


Yellow Perch 






87 


123 




175 


Unclassified: For 


Food 




5 


3 




3 


Unclassified: For 


Bait, 


Reduction 










and Animal Food 






1 


9 


6 


,215 


Other Species 






8 


15 




6 



(continued on following page) 



-79- 



NO. 58- 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY QUANTITY: 1971, 1969, AND 1967 (Cont'd) 



SPECIES 



1971 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1969 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



1967 
(1,000 POUNDS) 



Shellfish 

Crabs, Blue 

Hard 

Soft and Peeler 
Lobsters 
Clam Meats 

Hard 

Soft 

Surf 
Oyster Meats, Market 



Other Species 



(2) 



58,931 

27,605 

26,075 

1,530 

28 

14,069 

332 

5,986 

7,751 

17,116 

113 



55,999 

25,265 

23,014 

2,251 

26 

15,831 

794 

7,910 

7,127 

14,721 

156 



50,319 

26,774 

24,588 

2,186 

19 

6,657 

296 

5,212 

1,149 

16,730 

109 



Note: In addition 2,651,019 bushels of oysters were landed in 1967. A Maryland Oyster 
Bushel contains 2,800.7 cubic inches. 



(1) 



(2) 



Include Bonito, Croaker, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, Suckers, and Tautog. 
Include Conch Meats, Squid, Diamond-Back Terrapin, and Snapper Turtles. 



Source: U. S. Department of the Interior, U. S. Fish and Wildlife Service in conjunction 
with Maryland Department of Chesapeake Bay Affairs, Maryland Landings, 1968 . 
National Marine Fisheries Service Unpublished Data March 1973. 



-80- 



NO. 59 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VALUE: 1971 AND 1969 



SPECIES 



1971 
($) 



1969 
($) 



Total, All Species 

Finfish 

Alewives 
Bluefish 
Butterf ish 
Carp 

Catfish and Bullheads 
Cod 

Crappie 
Drum, Black 
Eels , Common 
Flounder 
Gizzard Shad 
Hake, Red 
Herring, Sea 
Hickory Shad 
Mackerel, Atlantic 
Menhaden 
Pike or Pickerel 
Scup (Porgy) 
Sea Bass 
Sea Robin 
Sea Trout 
Shad 
Sharks 

Spanish Mackerel 
Spot 

Striped Bass 
Sturgeon 
Sunf ish 
Swellfish 
Tuna, Bluefin 
White Perch 
Whiting 
Yellow Perch 
Unclassified: 
Unclassified: 
Animal Food 
Other Species C-' 



For Food 

For Bait, Reduction & 



Shellfish 

Crabs, Blue 
Hard 

Soft and Peeler 
Lobsters 



$ 20,530,898 


$ 18,184,000 


1,715,587 


1,842,725 


54,253 


69,000 


15,059 


7,050 


2,765 


3,000 


6,084 


3,000 


42,793 


25,000 


608 


1,000 


989 


(3) 


36 


(3) 


33,848 


39,000 


101,087 


73,000 


297 


(3) 


689 


(3) 


19 


- 


976 


2,000 


408 


4,000 


119,294 


98,000 


- 


1,000 


3,873 


5,000 


45,400 


36,000 


- 


1,000 


36,640 


16,000 


123,746 


125,000 


650 


3,000 


159 


(3) 


3,909 


2,000 


861,892 


910,000 


438 


1,000 


517 


(3) 


5,293 


49,000 


240,144 


350,000 


667 


3,000 


9,693 


16,000 


454 


(3) 


4 


< 3 > ,., 


791 


725(4) 


18,815,311 


16,342,000 


3,201,363 


3,130,000 


2,470,114 


2,197,000 


731,249 


933,000 


28,029 


21,000 



(continued on following page) 



-81- 



NO. 59 
FISH CATCH IN MARYLAND, BY VALUE: 1971 AND 1969 (Cont'd.) 



SPECIES 



1971 
($) 



1969 
($) 



Clam Meats 

Hard 

Soft 

Surf 
Oyster Meats, Market 
Other Species '^' 



4,165,889 

192,089 

2,993,064 

980,736 

11,399,991 

20,039 



$ 4,157,000 

463,000 

2,800,000 

894,000 

9,010,000 

24,000 



(1) 



Include Bonito, Croaker, Hogchoker, King Whiting, Mullet, Suckers, and Tautog. 



(2) Include Conch Meats, Squid, Diamond-Back Terrapin, and Snapper Turtles. 
< 3 ) Under $500. 

'^' Provisional. 

Source: U.S. Department of the Interior, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service in 
conjunction with Maryland Department of Natural Resources. 



-82- 



NO. 60 
SEAFOOD PROCESSED PRODUCTS, MARYLAND: 1971, 1970, AND 1966 



ITEM 



1971 



1970 



1966 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1971/1970 1971/1966 



Value 

Wholesale and 
Manufacturing 



$ 68,069,000 $ 58,206,000 $ 36,937,398 



16.9 



84.3 



207 



Number of Establishments 

Persons Employed 

(2) 
Average Per Season 4,824 

Average Per Year 3,735 



205 

4,812 
3,790 



283 

5,165 
3,809 



1.0 -26.9 



.2 
1.5 



-6.6 
-1.9 



(1) 



(2) 



Less than .1 per cent. 

Derived from dividing the number of employees reported by the number of months of 
operation. 



Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, 
National Marine Fisheries Service, Fishery Statistics of the United States , 
for years stated. 



-83- 



NO. 61 

HUNTING AND FISHING LICENSE SALES, MARYLAND: FISCAL 
YEARS 1968-1972 



TYPE OF LICENSE 



Hunting 

County Residents 

Statewide 

Junior Statewide 

Non-resident 

Regulated Shooting Area 

Duck Blind 

Pusher 

Sneak Boat 

Deer-Turkey Stamps 

Fishing 

Total of All Types 
Resident Statewide 
Non-resident 
Seven Day. Tourist 
Potomac River 
Trout Stamps 



1972 



1971 



1970 



1969 



1968 



37,983 


41,504 


44,234 


49,181 


68,500 


120,871 


119,677 


111,947 


106,701 


114,490 


22,442 


22,395 


20,875 


18,971 




10,460 


9,760 


9,221 


8,257 


8,369 


457 


528 


527 


592 


669 


3,242 


3,325 


3,006 


2,976 


3,016 


3 


2 


3 


3 


5 


165 


146 


117 


107 


124 


84,270 


80,515 


72,163 


69,320 


86,753 



152,054 


150,910 


142,275 


142,356 140,467 


116,237 


114,550 


108,098 


108,671 125,520 


5,757 


6,305 


6,309 


5,622. 4,820 
5,263 U; 5,970 


4,822 


4,641 


4,623 


911 


1,214 


1,202 


2,302 4,157 


24,327 


24,200 


22,043 


20,498 



(1) 



(1) 



(2) 



Three Day Tourist. 



Virginia, West Virginia, and Potomac grouped together. 
Source: State of Maryland, Department of Natural Resources, Licensing Division. 



-84- 



NO. 62 



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-85- 



NO. 63 

VALUE OF MINERAL PRODUCTION. IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: C; 1969-1971 



POLITICAL 1971 1970 1969 

SUBDIVISION ($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) 

Maryland $99,429 $88,216 $83,483 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore 
Calvert 
Caroline 

Carroll 
Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 
Howard 
Kent 
Montgomery 

Prince George^ 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 
Talbot 
Washington 

Wicomico 
Worcester 

Undistributed^ 37,402 35,802 47,422 

Data may not add to totals shown because of independent rounding. 

W = Withheld to avoid disclosing individual company confidential data. 

Baltimore City and Queen Anne's are not listed because no production was reported. 

(2) 

Includes some sand and gravel that cannot be assigned to specific counties, gem 

stones, and values indicated by symbol W. 

Source: Maryland Geological Survey, The Mineral Industry of Maryland , for the 
stated years. 



3,184 


w 


2,520 


2,308 


3,312 


2,595 


16,327 


15,407 


W 


W 


W 


w 


W 


25 


w 


w 


W 


w 


6,515 


6,774 


6,333 


W 


W 


W 


w 


91 


91 


11,701 


9,043 


9,867 


9,430 


6,657 


4,589 


2,171 


2,302 


1,489 


W 


W 


W 


30 


W 


63 


W 


w 


W 


10,364 


8,790 


8,477 


W 


W 


W 


w 


w 


W 


— 


w 


31 


w 


w 


W 


w 


w 


W 


— 


13 


6 



-86- 



LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT 

As industry and business have prospered in Maryland so have employment oppor- 
tunities grown. Following the large increase in the civilian labor force and in 
employment during the decade of the sixties, the growth has continued into this 
decade. From 1968 to 1972, the civilian labor force grew by 11.3 per cent while 
population increased by 8.3 per cent. Employment grew 9.3 per cent concurrently, 
and the unemployment rate on an annual average basis stood at 5.0 per cent for 1972 
in the State. 

The major area of growth during the 1968-1972 period was in the non-manufacturing 
segment, as it was over the 1960-1968 period reported in the 1970 edition of this 
publication. Non-manufacturing wage and salary employment as a whole enjoyed a 
nearly 15 per cent growth in employment during this period, while manufacturing 
employment actually declined. There are presently signs, however, that the decline 
in manufacturing activity has now reversed itself, and that there will be an absolute 
increase in manufacturing employment on an annual average basis in 1973. 

Contract construction employment showed the greatest growth during the 1968-1972 
period, with services, wholesale and retail trade, government, and finance, insurance, 
and real estate employment following as the growth leaders. Only agriculture 
and railroad transportation suffered declines in employment, and the overall 
gain in transportation was sufficient to give even the broader transportation and 
utilities group a net gain. 



-87- 



NO. 64 
CIVILIAN LABOR FORCE, EMPLOYMENT AND UNEMPLOYMENT IN 
MARYLAND: 1972 AND 1968 





1972 




1968 


PER CENT CHANGE 


ITEM 


(ANNUAL AVERAGE) 


(ANNUAL AVERAGE) 


1968/1972 


Population (July 1 










Estimate) 


4,066,400 


3 


,755,000 


8.3 


Civilian Labor Force 


1,575,200 


1 


,416,000 


11.2 


As % of Population 


38.7 




37.7 




Workers Involved in Labor- 










Management Disputes 


900 




1,600 


- 43.8 


Unemployment 


78,600 




45,400 


73.1 


Employment 


1,495,700 


1 


,369,000 


9.3 


Self-employed, unpaid 










family, and domestic 










workers 


121,600 




117,400 


3.6 


Agriculture 


22,800 




25,500 


- 10.6 


Non-agricultural wage 










and salary workers 


1,351,300 


1 


,227,000 


10.1 


Manufacturing 


247,800 




280,600 


- 11.7 


Durable goods 


130,600 




154,000 


- 15.2 


Non-durable goods 


117,200 




126,600 


- 7.4 


Non-manufacturing 


1,103,500 




946,400 


16.6 


Mining 


2,100 




1,800 


16.7 


Contract construction 


96,900 




80,300 


20.7 


Transportation and 










utilities 


78,900 




77,300 


2.1 


Wholesale trade 


65,300 




55,300 


18.1 


Retail trade 


264,600 




222,500 


18.9 


Finance, insurance 










and real estate 


74,200 




62,800 


18.2 


Services and 










miscellaneous 


256,400 




214,200 


19.7 


Federal government (1) 


65,100 




68,500 


- 5.0 


State and local 










government 


200,000 




163,700 


22.2 



(1) 



Excludes Federal government employment of approximately 60,000 in Montgomery and 
Prince Georges Counties. 



Sources: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Employment Security 
Administration, Research and Analysis Division, Labor Force-Employment- 
Unemployment , Non-agricultural Wage and Salary Employment . 



-88- 



NO. 65 



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-90- 



NO. 66 
PERCENTAGE DISTRIBUTION OF EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND: 1972 AND 1968 



TYPE 1972 1968 

Total Employment 100.0 100.0 

Agriculture 1.5 1.9 
Non-agricultural wage and 

salary employment 90.3 89.6 

Manufacturing 16.6 20.4 

Durable goods 8.7 11.2 

Non-durable goods 7.9 9.2 

Wholesale and retail trade 22.0 22.3 

Services and miscellaneous 17.1 15.7 

Contract construction 6.5 5.9 

Transportation and utilities 5.3 5.6 

Government t 1 ) 17.7 17.0 

Finance, insurance and real estate 5.0 4.6 

Mining 0.1 0.1 
Self-employed, unpaid family and 

domestic workers 8.1 8.6 

Totals may not add due to rounding. 

( ^ 1 -' Excludes Federal government employment in Montgomery and Prince George's Counties. 

Sources: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Employment Security 

Administration, Research and Analysis Division, Labor Force-Employment- 
Unemployment, Non-agricultural Wage and Salary Employment . 



-91- 



NO. 67 
NON-MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, ANNUAL AVERAGES: 

1972 AND 1968 



TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT 



1972 
(1,000) 



1968 
(1,000) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1972 



Total Non-manufacturing 
Employment 

Total Non-agricultural, Non- 
manufacturing Employment 
Non-agricultural, Non- 
manufacturing Wage and 
Salary Workers 
Wholesale and Retail 
Trade 

Government ' ' 
Service and Miscellaneous 
Contract Construction 
Finance , Insurance and 

Real Estate 
Transportation, Excluding 

Railroad 
Public Utilities and 

Communications 
Railroad Transportation 
Mining 
All Other Non-agricultural 
Non-manufacturing Employ- 
ment K *-> 

Agricultural Employment 



1,247.9 


1,089.3 


1,225.7 


1,063.8 


1,103.5 


946.4 


329.9 


277.8 


265.1 


232.2 


256.4 


214.2 


96.9 


80.3 


74.2 


62.8 


36.1 


36.0 


32.5 


29.0 


10.3 


12.3 


2.1 


1.8 


121.6 


117.4 


22.8 


25.5 



14.6 

15.2 

16.2 

18.8 

14.2 
19.7 
20.7 

18.2 

0.3 

12.1 
16.3 
16.7 

3.6 
10.6 



(1) 



(2) 



Excludes Federal government employment of approximately 60,000 in Montgomery 
and Prince Georges Counties. 

Includes self-employed, unpaid family workers, and domestics in private house- 
holds. 



Sources: State of Maryland, Department of Employment and Social Services, Non- 
agricultural Wage and Salary Employment , and Labor Force, Employment, 
and Unemployment . 



-92- 



NO. 68 

NON-MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, RANK BY PER 
CENT OF TOTAL IN 1972 and 1968 



PER CENT OF TOTAL 
TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT 1972 1968 

Total Non-manufacturing Employment 100.0 100.0 

Total Non-agricultural, Non- 
manufacturing Employment 98.2 97.7 

Non-agricultural, Non-manufac- 
turing Wage and Salary Workers 88.4 87.0 
Wholesale and Retail Trade 26.4 25.5 

Government ^ 21.2 21.3 

Service and Miscellaneous 20.5 19.7 

Contract Construction 7.8 7.4 

Finance, Insurance and Real Estate 5.9 5.8 

Transportation, Excluding Railroad 2.9 3.3 

Public Utilities and Communications 2.6 2.7 

Railroad Transportation .8 1.1 

Mining .2 .2 
All Other Non-agricultural, Non- 

(2) 

manufacturing Employment 9.7 10.8 

Agricultural Employment 1.8 2.3 

Totals may not add due to rounding 

Excludes Federal government employment of approximately 60,000 in Montgomery and 
Prince Georges Counties. 



(2) 



Includes self-employed, unpaid family workers, and domestics in private 
households. 



Sources: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Non-agricultural 

Wage and Salary Employment , and Labor Force, Employment, and Unemployment . 



-93- 



NO. 69 
NON-MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, RANK BY PER 

CENT CHANGE: 1972/1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 
TYPE OF EMPLOYMENT 1968/1972 



Total Non-manufacturing Employment 14.6 

Contract Construction 20.7 

Service and Miscellaneous 19.7 

Wholesale and Retail Trade 18.8 

Finance, Insurance, and Real Estate 18.2 

Mining 16.7 

Government^ ' 14.2 

Public Utilities and Communications 12.1 

Transportation, Excluding Railroads .3 

Railroad Transportation -16.3 

All Other Non-manufacturing, Non- 
agricultural Employment -11.7 

Agricultural Employment -10.6 



^ ' Excludes Federal government employment of approximately 60,000 in Montgomery and 
Prince Georges Counties. 

'^' Includes self-employed unpaid family workers, and domestics in private households. 

Sources: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Non-agricultural Wage 
and Salary Employment . 



-94- 



NO. 70 

DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE EMPLOYEES, 
SUBDIVISION: APRIL 1973 



(1) 



BY POLITICAL 





POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


POLITICAL 


NUMBER OF 


SUBDIVISION 


EMPLOYEES 


SUBDIVISION 


EMPLOYEES 


SUBDIVISION 


EMPLOYEES 


Maryland 


36,236 










Allegany 


979 


Frederick 


643 


Talbot 


212 


Anne Arundel 


4,771 


Garrett 


211 


Washington 


1,195 


Baltimore City 


11,054 


Harford 


574 


Wicomico 


859 


Baltimore 


5,121 


Howard 


767 


Worcester 


187 


Calvert 


138 


Kent 


121 






Caroline 


159 


Montgomery 


839 


Other 


2,499 


Carroll 


1,748 


Prince Georges 


2,001 






Cecil 


250 


Queen Anne ' s 


324 






Charles 


207 


St. Mary's 


359 






Dorchester 


809 


Somerset 


209 







(1) 



Does not include employees of the State Roads Commission or employees of the 
University of Maryland. 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by the Central Payroll Bureau, April 1973. 

NO. 71 

DISTRIBUTION OF MARYLAND STATE ROADS COMMISSION 
EMPLOYEES, BY WORKING LOCATIONS: AUG. 1973 



LOCATION 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES 



Maryland 



4,372 



Total District 
District 
District 
District 
District 
District 
District 
District 7 

Bridges (8) 



(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(7) 



1,964 
164 
347 
319 
289 
425 
219 
201 

612 



(1) 
(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(7) 
(8) 



Includes Dorchester, Somerset, Wicomico, and Worcester Counties. 

Includes Caroline, Cecil, Kent, Queen Anne's, and Talbot Counties. 

Includes Montgomery and Prince Georges Counties. 

Includes Baltimore and Harford Counties. 

Includes Anne Arundel, Calvert, Charles, and St. Mary's Counties. 

Includes Allegany, Garrett, and Washington Counties. 

Includes Carroll, Frederick, and Howard Counties. 

Includes all personnel at the Chesapeake Bay, J. F. Kennedy, Potomac River, 

and Susquehanna River Bridges and the Baltimore Harbor Tunnel. 



Source: Department of Transportation. 



_QS- 



NO. 72 
ARMED SERVICES PERSONNEL IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: JUNE 30, 1972 



JURISDICTION 



MILITARY 



CIVILIAN 



TOTAL MILITARY & CIVILIAN 



Maryland 



Army 



(1) 



Navy 

Air Force 

Total Department 
of Defense 

United States 

Army,. 
Navy^ ; 
Air Force 

Total Department 
of Defense 



18,007 


16,523 


14,400 


9,361 


2,188 


318 



34,595 



523,038 
400,516 
551,077 



1,474,631 



26,610 



355,798 
312,640 
259,885 



988,433 



34,530 
23,761 

2,506 



61,205 



(2) 



878,836 
713,156 
810,962 



2,463,064 



(1) 



(2) 



Includes Navy and Marine Corps. 

Total Department of Defense column will not add across due to employment by 
other defense activities, e.g., Defense Supply Agency and Office of the 
Secretary. 

Source: Directorate for Information Operations, Office of Secretary of 
Defense, Washington, D. C. 



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-99-. 



NO. 76 
WORK STOPPAGES IN MARYLAND AND UNITED STATES: 1967-1971 



YEAR 



STOPPAGES BEGINNING 
IN YEAR 



JURISDICTION 



NUMBER 



WORKERS 
INVOLVED 



MAN DAYS IDLE DURING YEAR 



PER CENT OF 
ESTIMATED TOTAL 



NUMBER 



WORKING TIME 



(1) 



1971 



1970 



1969 



1968 



1967 



United States*- 2 -* 5,138 

Maryland 79 

United States ^ 5,716 

Maryland 91 

(2) 

United States v ' 5,700 

Maryland 81 

United States^ 5,045 

Maryland 64 

United States ^ 4,595 

Maryland 64 



3,280,000 
46,300 

3,305,000 
43,100 

2,481,000 
38,200 

2,649,000 
33,300 

2,870,000 
35,200 



47,589,000 
558,400 

66,414,000 
782,000 

42,869,000 
594,600 

49,018,000 
530,300 

42,100,000 
285,000 



.44 
N/A 

.32 
.28 

.28 
.22 

.32 
.20 

.30 
.12 



N/A Not available. 
(.1; Private nonfarm. 



(2) 



Stoppages extending across state lines have been counted separately in each 
state affected; workers involved and man-days idle were allocated among the 
states. 



Source: U.S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics, Work Stoppages , 
for years stated. 



-100- 



MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT AND PAYROLLS 

While the primary cause of economic growth has been in the non-manufacturing 
sector, certainly manufacturing represents a major factor in Maryland's economy, 
with more than 18 per cent of the non-agricultural wage and salary employment . 
Annual average employment in manufacturing was 247,800 employees in 1972, or 
approximately 16.6 per cent of the total employment in Maryland. As was indicated 
in the previous section, it further appears that manufacturing employment has 
stabilized, and, indeed, an absolute growth is indicated for 1973. 

Despite a declining manufacturing employment level, payrolls increased 
significantly in the period from 1968 to 1972. Manufacturing payrolls increased 
by 12.6 per cent during this period, a figure attributable primarily to wage 
and salary increase. The largest manufacturing payrolls in Maryland during 1972 
were in the primary metals, food and kindred products, industries, and transportation 
equipment industries. 

Average weekly earnings for all manufacturing in the State rose 28.5 per cent 
during the four year time period, from $122.61 to $157.58, with average hourly 
earnings rising nearly 30 per cent from $3.02 to $3.92. 

Value added figures in 1971 are led by the food and kindred products, primary 
metals, electrical machinery, and chemicals and allied products industries. While 
ranking somewhat below certain other mid eastern states in value added, Maryland 
experienced a percentage growth of more than 13 per cent over the 1967 to 1971 
time period. 

Historically, Baltimore City has been the dominant location for manufacturing 
firms in Maryland. In 1972 that political subdivision had virtually 40 per cent 
of the firms in the State. Next in order, in terms of number of firms, but far 



behind, are Baltimore (231), Prince George's (178), Montgomery (168), Washington 
(101), and Anne Arundel (95) Counties. 



^ 'the difference between the value of goods and the cost of materials or supplies 
that are used in producing them. Value Added is derived by subtracting the cost 
of raw materials, parts, supplies, fuel, goods purchased for resale, electric 
energy, and contract work from the value of shipments. 



-102- 



NO. 77 
MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND BY STANDARD INDUSTRIAL CLASSIFICATION, 

ANNUAL AVERAGES: 1972 AND 1968 



SIC CODE 



INDUSTRY 



NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES PER CENT 

CHANGE 



1972 



1968 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 



24 
25 
32 
33 
34 
35 
36 
37 



Lumber & Wood Products 

Furniture & Fixtures 

Stone, Clay & Glass Products 

Primary Metal Industries 

Fabricated Metal Products 

Machinery, Excluding Electrical 

Electrical Machinery 

Transportation Equipment 

Other Durable Goods (Scientific In- 
struments & Miscellaneous 
Manufacturing) 



Non-durable Goods Total 



20 
22 
23 
26 
27 
28 
30 

31 



Food & Kindred Products 

Textile Mill Products 

Apparel & Related Products 

Paper & Allied Products 

Printing & Publishing 

Chemicals & Allied Products 

Rubber & Miscellaneous Plastic 
Products 

Leather & Leather Products 

Other Non-durable Goods 



247,800 280,600 

130,600 154,000 

3,800 3,600 

5,400 6,100 

10,400 10,400 

34,400 40,400 

13,100 22,400 

14,400 15,800 

15,700 21,700 

21,400 26,800 



-11.7 
-15.2 

5.6 
-11.5 


-14.9 
-41.5 
-8.9 
-27.7 
-20.1 



12,000 


6,800 


76.5 


17,200 


126,600 


-7.4 


36,100 


37,500 


-3.7 


1,700 


2,600 


-34.6 


20,500 


24,200 


-15.3 


9,300 


10,100 


-7.9 


19,700 


19,100 


3.1 


16,600 


17,100 


-2.9 


9,900 


12,300 


-19.5 


2,300 


2,700 


-14.8 


1,100 


1,000 


10.0 



Source: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Non-agricultural 
Wage and Salary Employment. 

~" -103- 



NO. 78 

MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN PRINCIPAL INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, 
RANK BY PERCENTAGE OE CHANGE: ANNUAL AVERAGES 1972 AND 1968 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1972 



24 
27 
32 



All Manufacturing Total 
Durable Goods Total 
Non-durable Goods Total 

Other Durable Goods 

Lumber & Wood Products 

Printing & Publishing 

Stone, Clay & Glass Products 

Other Non-durable Goods 
28 Chemicals & Related Products 
20 Food & Kindred Products 
26 Paper & Allied Products 

35 Machinery, Excluding Electrical 
25 Furniture & Fixtures 

37 Transportation Equipment 
31 Leather & Leather Products 

33 Primary Metals Industries 
23 Apparel & Related Products 

30 Rubber and Misc. Plastic Products 

36 Electrical Machinery 
22 Textile Mill Products 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 



1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1972 



247,800 


280,600 


-11.7 


130,600 


154,000 


-15.2 


117,200 


126,600 


-7.4 


12,000 


6,800 


76.5 


3,800 


3,600 


5.6 


19,700 


19,100 


3.1 


10,400 


10,400 


0.0 


1,100 


1,100 


0.0 


16,600 


17,100 


-2.9 


36,100 


37,500 


-3.7 


9,300 


10,100 


-7.9 


14,400 


15,800 


-8.9 


5,400 


6,100 


-11.5 


21,400 


26,800 


-14.4 


2,300 


2,700 


-14.8 


34,400 


40,400 


-14.9 


20,500 


24,200 


-15.3 


9,900 


12,300 


-19.5 


15,700 


21,700 


-27.7 


1,700 


4,200 


-34.6 


13,100 


22,400 


-41.5 



Source: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Employment Security, 
Non Agricultural Wage and Salary Employment . 



-104- 



NO. 79 

RATE OF INDUSTRY GROWTH, MANUFACTURING EMPLOYMENT IN MARYLAND, 
RANK BY 1968/1972 GROWTH RATE: 1968/1972 AND 1950/1960 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1972 



24 
27 
32 

28 
20 
26 
35 
25 
37 
31 
33 
23 
30 
36 
22 
34 



Other Durable Goods 
Lumber & Wood Products 
Printing & Publishing 
Stone, Clay & Glass Products 
Other Non-durable Goods 
Chemicals & Related Products 
Food & Kindred Products 
Paper & Allied Products 
Machinery, Excluding Electrical 
Furniture & Fixtures 
Transportation Equipment 
Leather & Leather Products 
Primary Metals Industry 
Apparel & Related Products 
Rubber and Misc. Plastic Products 
Electrical Machinery 
Textile Mill Products 
Fabricated Metal Products 



76.5 

5.6 

3.1 

0.0 

0.0 

-2.9 

-3.7 

-7.9 

-8.9 

-11.5 

-14.4 

-14.8 

-14.9 

-15.9 

-19.5 

-27.7 

-34.6 

-41.5 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1950/1960 



36 
26 
27 
32 
33 
35 
25 

20 
28 
37 
23 
31 
34 
24 
22 

30 



Electrical Machinery 
Paper & Allied Products 
Printing & Publishing 
Stone, Clay & Glass Products 
Primary Metals Industry 
Machinery, Excluding Electrical 
Furniture & Fixtures 
Other Durable Goods 
Food & Kindred Products 
Chemicals & Related Products 
Transportation Equipment 
Apparel & Related Products 
Leather & Leather Products 
Fabricated Metal Products 
Lumber & Wood Products 
Textile Mill Products 
Other Non-durable Goods 
Rubber & Misc. Plastic Products 



118.2 

64.7 

31.7 

24.7 

23.4 

23.2 

15.2 

0.0 

-1.8 

-3.0 

-7.2 

-10.2 

-18.7 

-18.7 

-19.4 

-41.7 

-87.8 

N/A 



Source: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Employment 
Security, Non Agricultural Wage and Salary Employment . 



-105- 



NO. 80 
MANUFACTURING AND NON-MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS IN MARYLAND: 



1972 AND 1968 



TYPE OF PAYROLL 



1972 
($1,000,000) 



1968 
($1,000,000) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1972 



Total 

Manufacturing 
Non-Manufacturing 
Government 

Federal Civilian 

Federal Military 

State and Local 
Wholesale and Retail Trade 
Services 

Contract Construction 
Transportation 

Finance, Insurance and Real Estate 
Communications and Public Utilities 
Mining 



$ 14,603 



$ 10,381 



40.7 



2,381 


2,114 


12.6 


2,222 


8,267 


47.8 


5,123 


3,508 


46.0 


2,683 


1,855 


44.6 


594 


510 


16.5 


1,846 


1,143 


61.5 


2,351 


1,628 


44.4 


2,103 


1,365 


54.1 


1,003 


604 


66.1 


496 


407 


21.9 


684 


452 


51.3 


435 


289 


50.5 


27 


14 


92.9 



Sources: U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics, Survey 

of Current Business , August 1969, Vol. 49, No. 8, p. 16. 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Office of Business Economics, Survey 

of Current Business, August 1973, Vol 53, No. 8, p. 44. 



-106 



NO. 81 
MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS IN MARYLAND, RANK BY 
DOLLAR VALUE IN 1972: 1972 AND 1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 

SIC INDUSTRY 1972 1968 1968/1972 

All Manufacturing Total 2,285,118,547 2,020,229,721 13.1 

Durable Goods Total 1,355,012,820 1,240,557,974 9.2 

Nondurable Goods Total 930,105,727 779,671,747 19.3 

33 Primary Metal Industries 392,808,522 348,238,983 12.8 
20 Food and Kindred Products 261,425,872 218,103,999 19.9 
37 Transportation Equipment 243,445,531 220,023,054 10.6 

27 Printing and Publishing 184,913,476 133,930,063 38.1 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 161,123,130 125,537,375 28.3 

35 Machinery, except Electrical 143,091,792 121,081,471 18.2 

36 Electrical Equipment and Supplies 128,324,521 149,289,450 - 14.0 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 123,669,732 102,364,914 20.8 

23 Apparel and Related Products 122,237,976 115,187,130 6.1 
32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 102,712,226 76,933,995 33.5 
30 Rubber and Plastics Products,N.E.C. 84,063,350 83,093,503 1.2 
26 Paper and Allied Products 80,630,554 68,323,729 18.0 
25 Furniture and Fixtures 37,158,221 32,775,116 13.4 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 26,820,724 17,951,286 49.4 
22 Textile Mill Products 11,885,861 14,176,519 - 16.2 

All Other Durable Goods 156,981,551 171,899,705 - 8.7 

All Other Nondurable Goods 23,825,508 21,319,426 11.8 

Source: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Research and Analysis 

Division, Employment and Payrolls Covered by the Unemployment Insurance 
Law of Maryland , for years stated. 



■1C7- 



NO. 82 
NUMBER OF MANUFACTURING FIRMS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION: 1972, 1968, I960, 1950 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



19 72 



1968 



1960 



1950 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



2,463 



2,757 



3,222 



3,100 



51 


58 


83 


71 


95 


104 


113 


64 


985 


1,195 


1,507 


1,743 


231 


240 


204 


123 


17 


18 


16 


9 


30 


38 


52 


56 


61 


73 


89 


83 


46 


56 


67 


60 


21 


23 


30 


20 


64 


71 


85 


70 


65 


69 


86 


76 


23 


21 


41 


36 


41 


51 


69 


51 


39 


29 


24 


22 


18 


23 


25 


21 


168 


149 


133 


81 


178 


171 


144 


74 


25 


24 


28 


10 


19 


25 


36 


22 


37 


46 


58 


47 


43 


54 


60 


47 


101 


98 


115 


126 


66 


83 


102 


121 


36 


38 


56 


67 



Nondistributable 



NA 



NA 



Source: State of Maryland, Department of Employment Security, Employment and 

Payrolls Covered by the Unemployment Insurance Law of Maryland, s econd 
quarter issue for the stated years. 



-108- 



NO. 83 
MANUFACTURING PAYROLLS, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES 
RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1967 AND 1971 



REGIONALLY 



REGION AND STATE 



1971 




1967 


PER CENT CHANGE 


($1,000,000) 


($1: 


,000,000) 


1967/1971 


$ 156,203 


$ 


132,242 


18.1 


735 




588 


25.0 


7,258 




6,325 


14.8 


2,184 




1,956 


11.7 


15,263 




10,350 


14.3 


15,263 




13,852 


10.2 


2,955 




2,190 


34.9 


2,866 




2,231 


28.5 


2,027 




1,502 


35.0 


4,267 




3,066 


39.2 


2,448 




1,905 


28.5 


1,855 




1,352 


37.2 


2,040 




1,603 


27.3 


1,018 




832 


22.4 



United States 

MIDEAST 

Delaware 
New Jersey 
Maryland 
Pennsylvania 
New York 

SOUTHEAST 
Tennessee 
Georgia 

South Carolina 
North Carolina 
Virginia 
Kentucky 
Alabama 
West Virginia 



Sources: U. S. Bureau of the Census, U. S. Census of Manufactures: 1967 , 

Preliminary Report, General Statistics for States, Series MC 67(P)-2. 
U. S. Bureau of the Census, Annual Survey of Manufactures: 1971 , 
Part 5, South Atlantic Division, Statistics for States, Standard 
Metropolitan Statistical Areas, Large Industrial Counties, and Selected 
Cities, Series M 71 (AS)-6.5. 



-109- 



NO. 84 
NUMBER OF EMPLOYEES ENGAGED IN MANUFACTURING, MARYLAND AND SELECTED 

EASTERN STATES, REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH IN TOTAL EMPLOYEES: 

1971 AND 1967 



ALL WORKERS 



PRODUCTION WORKERS 



PER CENT GROWTH 



REGION AND STATE 1971 



(1,000) 



1967 



(1,000) 



1971 



(1,000) 



1967 



(1,000) 



ALL WORKERS 
1967/1971 



United States 



17,422 



19,389 



12,872 



13,975 



- 10.2 



Mideast 



Delaware 


70 


71 


35 


39 


Pennsylvania 


1,426 


1,550 


1,014 


1,136 


New Jersey 


797 


881 


517 


604 


Maryland 


254 


288 


176 


206 


New York 


1,702 


1,929 


1,076 


1,285 


Southeast 











North Carolina 699 

Kentucky 243 

South Carolina 324 

Tennessee 444 

Alabama 299 

Virginia 351 

Georgia 434 

West Virginia 118 



643 
225 
304 
418 
289 
340 
423 
124 



566 
187 
265 
347 
243 
270 
340 
89 



538 
176 
254 
334 
235 
268 
339 
97 



- 1.4 

- 8.0 

- 9.5 

- 11.8 

- 11.8 



8.7 
8.0 
6.6 
6.2 
3.5 
3.2 
2.6 
- 4.8 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 , 

Preliminary Report, General Statistics for States, Series MC 67(P)-2, 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, 1971 . 



-11C- 



NO. 85 
VALUE ADDED BY MANUFACTURE, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES, 
REGIONALLY RANKED BY RATE OF GROWTH: 1971 AND 1967 



VALUE ADDED 
REGION AND STATE ($1,000,000) PER CENT CHANGE 



1971 1967 



1967/1971 



Delaware 


1,281 


958 


New York 


28,862 


25,247 


Pennsylvania 


21,964 


19,277 


Maryland 


4,279 


3,781 


New Jersey 


14,394 


12,738 


Southeast 







United States $ 313,684 $ 259,301 21.0 

Mideast 

33.7 
14.3 
13.9 
13.2 
13.0 



North Carolina 9,824 6,607 48.7 

Kentucky 5,168 3,636 42.1 

South Carolina 4,235 3,030 39.8 

Georgia 6,533 4,684 39.5 

Tennessee 6,729 4,921 36.7 

Alabama 4,531 3,526 28.5 

Virginia 5,173 4,068 27.2 

West Virginia 2,388 2,170 10.8 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 , 

General Statistics for Geographic Divisions and States, Preliminary 

Report, MC 63(P)-2. 

U.S. Department of Commerce, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, 1971 . 



-Ill- 



NO. 86 

VALUE ADDED BY PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, RANK 

BY DOLLAR VOLUME: 1971 AND 1967 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1971 
($1,000,000) 



1967 PER CENT CHANGE 
($1,000,000) 1967/1971 



All Industries 

20 Food and Kindred Products 

33 Primary Metals Products 

36 Electrical Machinery 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

37 Transportation Equipment 
27 Printing and Publishing 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

35 Machinery, excluding Electrical 

23 Apparel and Related Products 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 

26 Paper and Allied Products 

30 Rubber and Plastics Products, N.E.C. 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 

38 Instruments and Related Products 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 
22 Textile Mill Products 



$ 4,279.4 


$ 3,781.3 


13.2 


664.8 


525.6 


26.5 


586.4 


524.6 


11.8 


442.5 


367.2 


20.5 


425.6 


422.5 


0.7 


315.5 


460.5 


- 31.5 


293.5 


209.9 


39.8 


225.8 


211.3 


6.9 


217.4 


202.3 


7.5 


193.0 


193.7 


- 0.4 


191.1 


160.7 


18.9 


134.2 


133.6 


0.4 


113.6 


113.2 


0.4 


68.0 


36.7 


85.3 


43.5 


29.5 


47.5 


39.7 


38.8 


2.3 


30.1 


22.1 


36.2 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 . 
Preliminary Report, Area Series, Maryland, Series MC 67 (P)-21. 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, 1971. 



-112- 



No. 87 

VALUE ADDED BY PRINCIPAL MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES IN MARYLAND, RANK BY 

PER CENT CHANGE: 1971 AND 1967 



PER CENT CHANGE 
SIC INDUSTRY 1967/1971 

All Industries 13.2 

24 Lumber and Wood Products 85.3 
38 Instruments and Related Products 47.5 

27 Printing and Publishing 39.8 

22 Textile Mill Products 36.2 
20 Food and Kindred Products 26.5 

36 Electrical Equipment and Supplies 20.5 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 18.9 

33 Primary Metals Industries 11.8 
35 Machinery, except Electrical 7.5 

34 Fabricated Metals Products 6.9 

25 Furniture and Fixtures 2.3 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 0.7 

26 Paper and Allied Products 0.4 
30 Rubber and Plastics Products, N.E.C. 0.4 

23 Apparel and Related Products - 0.4 

37 Transportation Equipment - 31.5 



Sources: U.S. Bureau of the Census, U.S. Census of Manufacturers: 1967 , 
Preliminary Report, Area Series, Maryland, Series MC 67 (P) - 21. 
U.S. Department of Commerce, Annual Survey of Manufacturers, 1971 . 



-113- 



NO. 88 
AVERAGE WEEKLY EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 

IN MARYLAND, RANK BY DOLLAR VALUE IN 1972: 1972 AND 1968 



SIC INDUSTRY 







PER CENT CHANGE 


1972 


1968 


1968/1972 


$ 157.58 


$ 122.61 


28.5 


177.55 


135.96 


30.6 


136.02 


105.87 


28.5 


212.76 


157.54 


35.1 


201.80 


151.01 


33.6 


177.24 


132.18 


34.1 


169.31 


131.14 


36.8 


169.74 


129.43 


31.1 


173.66 


126.94 


29.1 


161.87 


124.92 


29.6 


141.92 


117.09 


21.2 


138.51 


110.30 


25.6 


131.99 


105.15 


25.5 


100.88 


88.15 


14.4 


100.18 


79.78 


25.6 


97.93 


78.56 


24.7 



All Manufacturing Average 
Durable Goods Average 
Nondurable Goods Average 

37 Transportation Equipment 

33 Primary Metals Industries 

32 Stone, Clay, and Glass Products 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

35 Machinery, except Electrical 

27 Printing and Publishing. 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

36 Electrical Equipment and Supplies 
26 Paper and Allied Products 

20 Food and Kindred Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

23 Apparel and Related Products 
31 Leather and Leather Products 



Source: Maryland Department of Employment -and Social Services, Employment Security 
Administration, Research and Analysis Division, Non-Agricultural Wage 
and Salary Employment . 



-114- 



NO. 89 
AVERAGE HOURLY EARNINGS IN MANUFACTURING INDUSTRIES 

IN MARYLAND, RANK BY DOLLAR VALUE IN 1972: 
1972 AND 1968 



SIC 



INDUSTRY 



1972 



1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 


1968/1972 


29, 


,8 


30, 


.9 


30, 


,5 


35. 


.4 


35. 


,3 


37. 


,2 


35. 


,4 


28. 


,8 


29. 


,6 


29. 


,9 


18. 


,8 


28. 


6 


29. 


,3 


28. 


,1 


20. 


,0 


19. 


7 



All Manufacturing Average 
Durable Goods Average 
Nondurable Goods Average 

37 Transportation Equipment 

33 Primary Metal Industries 

27 Printing and Publishing 

32 Stone, Clay and Glass Products 

34 Fabricated Metal Products 

35 Machinery, except Electrical 

28 Chemicals and Allied Products 

36 Electrical Equipment and Supplies 
26 Paper and Allied Products 

20 Food and Kindred Products 

23 Apparel and Related Products 

22 Textile Mill Products 

31 Leather and Leather Products 



3.92 


$3.02 


4.32 


3.30 


3.47 


2.66 


5.09 


3.76 


4.91 


3.63 


4.43 


3.23 


4.21 


3,11 


4.16 


3.23 


4.12 


3.18 


3.91 


3.01 


3.47 


2.92 


3.37 


2.62 


3.35 


2.59 


2.83 


2.21 


2.58 


2.15 


2.43 


2.03 



Source: Maryland Department of Employment and Social Services, Employment Security 
Administration, Research and Analysis Division, Non-Agricultural Wage 
and Salary Employment . 



-115- 



PERSONAL INCOME 

Maryland's personal income rose in 1972 to $19,861,000,000, an increase 
of nearly 42 per cent from 1960. This percentage increase outdistanced the 
increases for all of the other mid-east states. The total personal income of 
the State represents 2.1 per cent of the total personal income of the United 
States, up slightly from 2.0 per cent in 1960. 

Per capita income in Maryland rose to $4,897 in 1972, up more than 33 per 
cent from 1968. This figure placed the State tenth in the nation in this category. 

In average per household disposable income, Maryland led all of the mid- 
east states with a level of $12,423 in 1971. As might be expected, the metro- 
politan areas were the leaders, with suburban Washington's Montgomery County 
having the highest average disposable income of any county in the United 
States. Baltimore, Anne Arundel, Howard and Carroll Counties each have 
disposable income figures in excess of $13,500 per household, while at 
the other end of the scale, Garrett, Somerset, Worcester, Caroline and Dor- 
chester Counties all have levels of approximately $7,500 or less. 

The Gross State Product for Maryland is estimated to have risen in 
current dollars, to $24.9 billion, more than double the level of 1965. The 
Gross State Product concept is roughly equivalent to the national level 
Gross National Product, i.e., the State output of good= and services valued 
at market price. 



- 116 - 



NO. 90 
GROSS STATE PRODUCT, MARYLAND, CURRENT AND CONSTANT DOLLARS: 1950-1971 



CURRENT DOLLARS CONSTANT DOLLARS (1967 DOLLARS) 

YEAR ($1,000,000,000) ($1,000,000,000) 



1973 $ 24.9 $ 18.9 

1972 22.2 17.7 

1971 20.5 16.8 

1970 18.9 16.4 

1969 17.5 16.1 

1968 16.0 15.4 

1967 14.6 14.6 

1966 13.5 14.1 

1965 12.1 13.1 

1964 11.0 12.1 

1963 10.0 11.2 

1962 9.2 10.6 

1961 8.5 9.8 

1960 8.1 9.4 

1959 7.8 9.3 

1958 7.3 8.8 

1957 7.1 8.8 

1956 6.7 8.7 

1955 6.2 8.4 

1954 5.6 7.7 

1953 5.5 7.5 

1952 5.2 7.2 

1951 4.8 7.0 

1950 4.2 6.5 



Source: Maryland Department of Economic and Community Development. 



-117- 



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-119- 



NO. 93 

TOTAL PERSONAL INCOME, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES 

1972 AN 1968 







TOTAL PERSONAL 


INCOME 






1972 


1968 


PER CENT CHANGE 


STATE 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


1968/1972 


United States 


932,420 


684,745 


36.2 


Mideast 








Maryland 


19,861 


14,020 


41.7 


New York 


97,694 


75,041 


30.2 


New Jersey 


37,762 


27,987 


34.9 


Pennsylvania 


53,029 


39,938 


32.8 


Delaware 


2,815 


2,070 


36.0 


District of Columbia 


4,775 


3,540 


34.9 


Southeast 








Virginia 


20,287 


14,123 


43.6 


West Virginia 


6,365 


4,487 


41.9 


North Carolina 


19,403 


13,566 


43.0 


South Carolina 


9,188 


6,353 


44.6 


Georgia 


18,152 


12,784 


42.0 


Florida 


30,397 


19,791 


53.6 


Mississippi 


6,931 


4,848 


43.0 


Kentucky 


11,878 


8,518 


39.4 


Tennessee 


14,671 


10,214 


43.6 


Alabama 


11,699 


8,369 


39.8 



Maryland as Per 
Cent of U. S, 



2.1 



2.0 



Source: U. S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of 
Current Business , April, 1973. 

Note: State Personal Income received by State residents from all sources during 

any calendar year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal military 
and civilian employees temporarily stationed abroad. 



-120- 



NO. 94 

PER CAPITA INCOME, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN 

STATES: 1972 AND 1968 



STATE 



PER CAPITA INCOME 
1968 1972 
($) ($) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1972 



RANK IN NATION 
BASED ON 1972 
INCOME 



United States 



$3,436 



$4,478 



30.3 



Mideast 
Maryland 
New York 
New Jersey 
Pennsylvania 
Delaware 
District of Columbia 

Southeast 
Virginia 
West Virginia 
North Carolina 
South Carolina 
Georgia 
Florida 
Mississippi 
Kentucky 
Tennessee 
Alabama 



3,675 


4,897 


33.3 


4,157 


5,319 


28.0 


3,995 


5,126 


28.3 


3,402 


4,447 


30.7 


3,876 


4,983 


28.6 


4,551 


6,383 


40.3 


3,098 


3,733 


20.5 


2,545 


4,258 


67.3 


2,711 


3,721 


37.3 


2,483 


3,448 


38.9 


2,852 


3,846 


34.9 


3,077 


4,188 


36.1 


2,185 


3,063 


40.2 


2,666 


3,601 


35.1 


2,634 


3,640 


38.2 


2,429 


3,333 


37.2 



10 

2 

5 

17 

9 



26 
44 
37 
47 
34 
29 
50 
43 
41 
49 



Maryland as Per Cent of U.S 



107.0 



109.4 



Source: U.S. Department of Commerce, Bureau of Economic Analysis, Survey of Current 
Business , April, 1973. 

Note: State Personal Income is income received by State residents from all sources 
during any calendar year. Excludes wages and salaries received by federal 
military and civilian employees temporarily stationed abroad. 



-121- 



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NO. 96 



ESTIMATED PER CAPITA AND HOUSEHOLD DISPOSABLE INCOME BY 
POLITICAL SUBDIVISION, RANKED BY PER CAPITA DISPOSABLE INCOME: 



1971 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



PER CAPITA 
DISPOSABLE INCOME 



RANK 



PER HOUSEHOLD 
DISPOSABLE INCOME 



RANK 



Maryland 

United States 

Baltimore Metropolitan Area 



Montgomery 
Baltimore 
Anne Arundel 
Howard 
Carroll 

Prince George's 
Talbot 

Baltimore City 
Calvert 
Charles 

Wicomico 
Allegany 
Harford 
Queen Anne's 
Kent 

Washington 

Frederick 

Cecil 

St. Mary's 

Dorchester 

Caroline 
Worcester 
Somerset 
Garrett 



(1) 



$ 3,743 




$ 12,423 


3,558 




11,333 


3,729 




11,504 


5,028 


1 


16,700 


4,547 


2 


15,257 


4,121 


3 


15,005 


4,060 


4 


14,777 


3,889 


5 


13,555 


3,790 


6 


12,828 


3,278 


7 


9,679 


3,118 


8 


9,698 


3,116 


9 


11,528 


3,063 


10 


11,971 


3,059 


11 


9,613 


2,887 


12 


8,670 


2,839 


13 


10,152 


2,790 


14 


8,783 


2,696 


15 


8,494 


2,683 


16 


8,537 


2,660 


17 


9,007 


2,618 


18 


9,713 


2,594 


19 


10,133 


2,565 


20 


7,746 


2,520 


21 


7,705 


2,387 


22 


7,437 


2,142 


23 


6,828 


1,969 


24 


6,613 


timated by Sales Management 


is net i 



1 

2 
3 

4 
5 

6 

13 

12 

8 

7 

14 
17 
9 
16 
19 

18 
15 
11 
10 
20 

21 
22 
23 
24 



Note: 



(1) 



taxes , 

and, therefore, differs from per capita personal income figures as estimated 
by U. S. Department of Commerce. 

Baltimore City, Anne Arundel, Baltimore, Carroll, Harford, and Howard Counties, 



Source: Sales Management, Survey of Buying Power , July 10, 1972. Copyright 1972, 

Sales Management Survey of Buying Power; further reproduction is forbidden. 



-123- 



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NO. 98 

NUMBER OF HOUSEHOLDS BY HIGHEST (1) AND LOWEST ' INCOME 
GROUP FOR THE UNITED STATES, MARYLAND AND SELECTED EASTERN STATES: 1971 





STATE 


TOTAL 


NUMBER OF FAMILIES 
WITH HOUSEHOLD INCOME 


HIGHEST INCOME 




(1 


,000) 


UNDER 
$ 3,000 
(1,000) 




OVER 

$10,000 

(1,000) 


HOUSEHOLDS AS 
PER CENT OF 
LOWEST 


United States 




65,146.5 




10,162.9 






25,211.7 




248.1 


Maryland 




1,214.9 




131.2 






489.6 




373.2 


Delaware 




169.8 




22.9 






61.1 




266.8 


New Jersey 




2,287.2 




210.4 






1,120.7 




532.7 


New York 




5,996.2 




683.6 






2,860.2 




418.4 


Pennsylvania 




3,766.6 




493.4 






1,450.1 




293.9 



(1) 



Over $10,000. 



(2) Under $3,000. 

Source: Sales Management, July 10, 1972, Survey of Buying Power . 

(C) 1972, Sales Management Survey of Buying Power ; further reproduction is 
forbidden. 



•125- 



TRADE 

The trade area encompasses retail trade, wholesale trade, and selected 
services within the State. Figures developed by the United States Bureau of 
the Census in its censuses of business are quite revealing. 

As this edition of the Maryland Statistical Abstract was ready to go 
to press, the first preliminary data on the trade sector in Maryland for 1972 
became available for the U. S. Bureau of the Census. The first table in 
this section illustrates those data. The following describes briefly that 
table. 

The preliminary statistics cover only those business organizations with 
payroll (representing approximately 97 per cent of total retail sales, 92 per cent 
of all selected services receipts and virtually all of the wholesale sales 
in Maryland) . Retail sales from 1967 to 1972 are shown to have risen by 
63 per cent to $8,961,942,000; wholesale sales by 61 per cent to $9,584,518,000; 
and selected service business receipts by 47 per cent to $1,829,179,000. 
Increases in payrolls over the same period for these trade sectors likewise 
showed very large percentage changes, ranging from 68 per cent in the selected 
services activities to 59 per cent in wholesale trade with retail trade activities 
showing a 64 per cent increase. 

Text concerning trade from the 1970 edition of the Maryland Statistical 
Abstract is reprinted here as are the tables printed on that publication. It is 
felt that the detail shown therein will be helpful to the reader. 

On a statewide basis, the total number of establishments engaged in 
retail trade grew from 23,901 in 1963 to 25,009 in 1967, a gain of nearly five 
per cent. However, total sales over the same period of time grew 37 per cent, 
from $4,237,061,000 to $5,804,582,000. All segments of retail activity increased 

-126- 



their sales volume, with general merchandise group stores leading (55.3 per 
cent), followed by furniture, home furnishings, and equipment stores (45.8 per 
cent), and gasoline service stations (40.8 per cent). The smallest percentage 
growth in sales was in the building materials, hardware, and farm equipment 
dealer category (12.8 per cent), followed by nonstore retailers (26.7 per cent), 
and eating and drinking places (31.3 per cent). 

Wholesale trade activity likewise showed substantial growth over the 1963- 
1967 time period. Overall sales rose more than 33 per cent, from $4,473,736,000 
to $5,956,830,000; while the total number of establishments increased nearly 
eight per cent from 3,658 to 3,943. All categories but t - * - o , farm products - raw 
materials (-18.4 per cent), and tobacco and its products (-4.1 per cent) 
posted gains. The sales growth leaders were electrical products (74.8 per 
cent), machinery (55.5 per cent), furniture and home furnishings (55.4 per 
cent), and beer, wine, and distilled alcoholic beverages. Lesser percentage 
growth areas were in mo : ;or vehicles and automotive equipment (11.5 per cent), 
and lumber and construction materials (17.1 per cent). 

The selected services segment of trade activity posted, in percentage 
terms, the greatest growth between 1963 and 1967. Total receipts in 1967 
were $1,143,943,000 as opposed to a 1963 corresponding figure of $705,999,000, a 
growth of 62 per cent while the total number of establishments grew from 
13,840 f.o 16,923 (22.3 per cent). Miscellaneous business services led in 
this segment with a gain of nearly 96 per cent in receipts, followed by 
automobile repair, automobile services, and garages (76.1 per cent). The 
smallest percentage increase was in motion pictures (10.3 per cent) while 
other amusement and recreation services increased 19.5 per cent. 

-127- 



NO. 99 



TRADE ACTIVITY IN MARYLAND, ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL ONLY: 1972 



TYPE OF ACTIVITY 

Retail Trade 

Building Materials, Hardware and 

Farm Equipment 

General Merchandise 

Food Stores 

Automotive Dealers 

Gasoline Service Stations 

Apparel and Accessory Stores 

Furniture, Home Furnishings, and 

Equipment 

Eating and Drinking Places 

Drug and Proprietary Stores 

Miscellaneous Retail Stores 



APPROXIMATE PER CENT 
CHANGE 1967/1972 
NUMBER OF SALES OR RECEIPTS SALES OR PAYROLL 
ESTABLISHMENTS 1972 ($1,000) RECEIPTS ENTIRE YEAR 



18,372 

667 
655 
2,728 
1,150 
2,539 
1,669 

1,148 

4,080 

667 

3,069 



8,961,942 

314,143 

1,392,954 

1,982,995 

1,776,237 

692,757 

518,128 

409,619 
717,765 
358,214 
799,130 



63 

70 
47 
54 
76 
87 
78 

78 
70 
47 
49 



64 

59 
45 
76 
84 
89 
66 

59 
71 
36 
47 



Wholesale Trade 4,521 

Durable Goods 2,774 
Motor Vehicles and Automotive 

Parts and Supplies 498 

Furniture and Home Furnishings 142 
Sporting, Recreational, Photographs 

and Hobby Goods, Toys and Supplies 105 

Metals and Minerals, except Petroleum 83 

Nondurable Goods 1,747 

Apparel, Piece Goods 102 

Groceries and Related Products 528 

Farm Product Raw Materials 65 

Petroleum and Petroleum Products 215 



9,584,518 
5,589,428 

1,808,325 
162,303 

118,509 
529,679 

3,995,090 
122,635 

1,408,628 
228,417 
818,562 



61 
N/A 

105 

70 

98 
1 
N/A 
26 
49 
81 
33 



59 

N/A 

77 
74 

98 
2 
N/A 
60 
45 
20 
26 



Selected Services 10,001 

Hotels, Motels, etc. 450 

Personal Services 2,983 

Business Services 1,979 

Automotive Repair and Services 1,216 

Miscellaneous Repair Services 718 

Amusement and Recreation Services 1,017 

Dental Laboratories 83 

Legal Services 1,081 



1,829,179 
109,657 
216,628 
713,397 
178,248 
88,355 
182,209 
12,651 
115,625 



47 
64 
15 
65 

-14 

57 

46 

8 

N/A 



68 

59 
10 
80 
76 
42 
47 
-2 
N/A 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census 



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-131- 



NO. 102 

MARYLAND RETAIL TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



1963 







ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 


] 


ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL 


















PAYROLL 






NUMBER 


SALES 


NUMBER 


SALES 


ENTIRE YEAR 


PAID 
EMPLOYEES 1 J 


POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 






($1,000) 






($1,000) 


($1,000) 


Maryland 


23 


,901 


$4,237,061 


17 


,795 


$4,105,709 


$ 503,698 


157,289 


Allegany 




869 


114,241 




639 


109,671 


12,537 


4,132 


Anne Arundel 


1 


,398 


267,644 


1 


,086 


259,974 


32,096 


10,001 


Baltimore City 


8 


,661 


1,316,945 


6 


,291 


1,268,191 


176,280 


57,193 


Baltimore 


2 


,800 


577,992 


2 


,218 


565,150 


67,566 


22,562 


Calvert 




136 


14,425 




102 


13,449 


1,392 


470 


Caroline 




243 


19,822 




141 


17,692 


1,736 


576 


Carroll 




588 


64,482 




348 


59,640 


6,317 


1,989 


Cecil 




399 


44,622 




299 


42,678 


4,238 


1,390 


Charles 




320 


46,859 




264 


45,435 


5,571 


1,887 


Dorchester 




268 


30,501 




172 


27,715 


3,087 


908 


Frederick 




673 


92,751 




515 


88,523 


9,911 


3,169 


Garrett 




209 


20,736 




125 


19,232 


1,987 


672 


Harford 




591 


87,510 




423 


83,754 


8,945 


2,669 


Howard 




272 


38,584 




190 


36,530 


4,005 


1,208 


Kent 




202 


22,521 




140 


21,101 


2,060 


648 


Montgomery 


1 


,631 


583,464 


1 


,343 


578,810 


67,610 


17,880 


Prince George's 


1 


,805 


512,221 


1 


,541 


506,661 


58,694 


17,545 


Queen Anne ' s 




170 


15,199 




104 


13,627 


1,331 


431 


St. Mary's 




335 


37,956 




227 


35,720 


3,788 


1,171 


Somerset 




256 


19,862 




142 


17,146 


1,322 


479 


Talbot 




280 


53,300 




204 


51,636 


4,948 


1,360 


Washington 




893 


129,659 




637 


123,877 


15,029 


4,756 


Wicomico 




493 


83,454 




333 


79,366 


9,130 


2,769 


Worcester 




409 


42,311 




311 


40,131 


4,118 


1,424 



(1) 



For week including November 15, 1963. It should be noted that the paid employees for 
1967 represent statistics for the week including March 12, 1967. 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Business, 1963 , Retail Trade: Maryland, 
BC 63-RA22. 



-132- 



NO. 103 

MARYLAND WHOLESALE TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1967 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER 
OF 

ESTABLISHMENTS 



SALES 
($1,000) 



PAYROLL ENTIRE 

YEAR 

($1,000) 



PAID 
EMPLOYEES 



CD 



Maryland 


3,943 


$5,957,830 


$338,410 


Allegany 


107 


55,799 


3,860 


Anne Arundel 


120 


288,851 


10,716 


Baltimore City 


1,700 


2,823,661 


171,274 


Baltimore 


441 


897,924 


43,492 


Calvert 


5 


2,203 


203 


Caroline 


28 


33,223 


1,020 


Carroll 


47 


31,409 


2,040 


Cecil 


24 


13,036 


932 


Charles 


37 


41,928 


2,350 


Dorchester 


42 


23,963 


1,255 


Frederick 


71 


61,259 


4,874 


Garrett 


22 


10,017 


526 


Harford 


43 


24,556 


1,739 


Howard 


33 


40,191 


1,817 


Kent 


22 


9,485 


614 


Montgomery 


400 


738,393 


27,467 


Prince George's 


348 


558,707 


38,947 


Queen Anne's 


20 


9,716 


1,003 


St. Mary's 


17 


10,978 


1,129 


Somerset 


33 


15,391 


1,381 


Talbot 


54 


32,862 


1,998 


Washington 


151 


102,515 


9,998 


Wicomico 


137 


110,924 


8,273 


Worcester 


41 


20,839 


1,502 



50,889 

701 

1,589 

25,484 

5,935 

53 

203 
400 
198 

425 
312 

822 
130 
313 
311 
120 

3,832 

5,634 

200 

184 

326 

405 
1,517 
1,469 

326 



(1) 



For week including March 12, 1967, 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Business, 1967 , Wholesale Trade: 
Maryland, BC 67-WA22, Table 4, p. 22-8. 



•133- 



NO, 






MARYLAND WHOLESALE TRADE, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1963 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 
ESTABLISHMENTS 



SALES 
($1,000) 



PAYROLL 
ENTIRE YEAR 
($1,000) 



PAID 

EMPLOYEES 



(1) 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



3,658 


$ 4,473,736 


$ 248,208 


44,104 


117 


48,705 


3,312 


717 


89 


64,663 


5,588 


1,014 


1,906 


2,682,029 


155,692 


26,629 


271 


361,612 


22,552 


3,430 


7 


2,901 


188 


70 


29 


23,774 


913 


232 


44 


19,701 


1,276 


294 


30 


16,536 


986 


215 


29 


33,162 


1,526 


289 


43 


23,929 


977 


364 


70 


40,579 


3,455 


730 


20 


6,636 


371 


106 


46 


33,755 


1,762 


392 


23 


21,925 


1,790 


328 


24 


9,910 


643 


187 


254 


433,713 


13,072 


2,025 


231 


387,962 


16,089 


2,891 


23 


12,799 


688 


237 


18 


11,318 


828 


170 


31 


7,789 


702 


358 


43 


19,889 


1,242 


307 


142 


97,179 


7,444 


1,539 


127 


98,326 


6,118 


1,327 


41 


14,944 


994 


253 



(1) 



For week including November 15, 1963. It should be noted that the paid employees 



for 1967 represent statistics for the week including March 12, 1967. 

Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Business, 1963 , Wholesale Trade 
Maryland, BC 63-WA22. 



-134- 



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-135- 



NO. 106 



MARYLAND SELECTED SERVICES, 



(1) 



BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1963 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



ALL ESTABLISHMENTS 



NUMBER 



RECEIPTS 
($1,000) 



ESTABLISHMENTS WITH PAYROLL 



NUMBER 



RECEIPTS 
($1,000) 



PAYROLL 
ENTIRE YEAR 
($1,000) 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



13,840 $705,999 



6,978 $665,785 



$215,035 



426 


9,805 


220 


8,919 


2,291 


781 


35,309 


385 


33,041 


9,599 


5,000 


296,201 


2,634 


283,805 


81,353 


1,529 


56,289 


767 


51,371 


17,021 


70 


3,162 


28 


2,878 


737 


125 


1,950 


37 


1,462 


441 


238 


3,907 


90 


2,991 


756 


206 


3,511 


76 


2,633 


630 


155 


8,119 


81 


7,699 


1,685 


164 


3,413 


54 


2,827 


853 


328 


7,711 


148 


6,333 


1,653 


77 


1,586 


39 


1,398 


268 


304 


7,569 


140 


6,557 


2,242 


148 


4,796 


74 


4,048 


961 


84 


2,120 


38 


1,774 


560 


1,444 


140,618 


784 


136,228 


61,799 


1,175 


62,567 


657 


59,463 


19,777 


59 


1,579 


29 


1,423 


263 


119 


3,332 


53 


3,002 


877 


87 


855 


17 


423 


101 


151 


3,479 


69 


3,083 


1,001 


505 


13,269 


223 


11,763 


3,198 


360 


9,318 


148 


8,038 


2,103 


305 


11,158 


187 


10,250 


2,428 



(1) 



Includes Hotels, Motels, Tourist Courts, Camps; Personal Services; Miscellaneous 
Business Services; Auto Repair, Auto Services, Garages ; Miscellaneous Repair Shops; 
Motion Pictures; Other Amusement, Recreation Services. 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Business, 1963 , 
Maryland, BC 63-SA22. 



Selected Services 



-136- 



NO. 107 



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-137 



NO. 108 

NUMBER OF ESTABLISHMENTS, BY KIND OF BUSINESS GROUP, MARYLAND SELECTED 

SERVICES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1963 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



HOTELS, 

MOTELS, 

TOURIST 

COURTS, PERSONAL 

CAMPS SERVICES 



AUTO 
MISCEL- REPAIR, MISCEL- 
LANEOUS AUTO LANEOUS 
BUSINESS SERVICES, REPAIR 
SERVICES GARAGES SERVICES 



MOTION 
PICTURES 



OTHER 
AMUSEMENT 
RECREATION 
SERVICES 



Maryland 



629 



6,225 



1,781 



1,749 



1,903 



201 



1,352 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 

Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 

Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince George's 
Queen Anne's 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



31 


226 


40 


319 


64 


2,642 


51 


623 


9 


12 





53 


12 


108 


24 


71 


22 


51 


3 


94 


30 


137 


21 


29 


29 


130 


26 


37 


12 


32 


25 


552 


39 


498 


8 


23 


14 


41 


3 


42 


8 


62 


33 


213 


15 


154 


110 


76 



31 

98 

712 

199 

3 

11 
18 
12 
11 
13 

17 

1 

24 

19 

1 

353 

142 

2 

4 

2 

21 

41 

37 

9 



52 

94 

657 

185 

10 

23 
34 
42 
23 
20 

48 
13 
44 
19 



137 

140 

11 

18 
17 

20 
75 
44 
15 



52 

124 

526 

250 

9 

26 
44 
32 
15 
21 

65 
2 
43 
27 
16 

203 

188 

9 

23 
14 

27 
78 
86 
23 



5 

8 

80 

17 



2 
4 

1 
1 
1 

5 

1 
7 
1 
1 

18 

25 



3 

1 

2 
6 
6 
6 



29 

98 

319 

204 

27 

10 
18 
24 
32 
12 

26 
10 
27 
19 

14 

156 
143 

6 
16 

8 

11 
59 
18 
66 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Census of Business, 
Maryland, BC 63-SA22. 



1963, Selected Services 



-138- 



SOCIAL SERVICES 

Programs of the various local departments of social services are subject 
to the supervision, direction, and control of the Maryland Social Services 
Administration, a major agency within the Department of Employment and Social 
Services . 

Generally speaking, the locally administered programs are public assistance, 
financial eligibility for medical assistance, child welfare services, and 
other services related to social planning. Funds for the various programs 
come from federal, State, and local sources, with percentage portions varying 
by the type of program. 

In fiscal 1972 over $213,000,000 was paid out to individuals and families, 
an increase of 17.1 per cent over the preceding year and a 138.8 per cent 
increase in a five year period. Over 48 per cent of these payments were in 
the form of aid to families with dependent children. 63,878 total cases received 
financial assistance, an increase of 18.5 per cent over fiscal 1971 and a 5.9 
per cent increase from five years previous. 



-139- 



NO. 109 









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-140- 



NO. 110 

PAYMENT TO INDIVIDUALS AND FAMILIES IN MARYLAND - FISCAL YEAR 1970-1972 AND 1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 

1971/ 1968/ 

TYPE OF PAYMENT 1972 1971 1970 1968 1972 1972 

Total $156,286,701 $130,291,572 $106,132,183 $85,608,148 20.0 82.6 

Aid to Families with 

Dependent Children 102,621,282 84,395,765 65,530,685 52,197,676 21.6 96.6 

Aid to the Permanently 

& Totally Disabled 19,684,007 17,394,803 16,776,408 11,113,998 13.2 77.1 

General Public 

Assistance 12,949,593 8,782,717 6,481,785 6,659,978 47.4 94.4 

Foster Care of Children 11,850,108 11,865,000 11,351,037 9,765,182 -0.1 21.4 

Old Age Assistance 7,524,376 6,602,192 6,414,364 5,718,910 14.0 31.6 

General Public Assis- 
tance to Employables 1,210,970 849,927 198,679 187,834 42.5 594.7 

Public Assistance to 

the Needy Blind 446,565 401,108 379,225 341,681 11.3 30.7 



Source: Maryland State Department of Employment & Social Services, Annual Statistical 
Report , Social Services Administration. 



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-142- 



NO. 112 
CASES (INDIVIDUALS & FAMILIES) RECEIVING PAYMENTS: 1970 - 1972 AND 1968^ 



PER CENT CHANGE 



TYPE OF CASE 1972 1971 1970 1968 1971/1972 1968/1972 

Total 108,281 84,570 78,902 64,886 28.0 66.9 

Aid to Families with 
Dependent Children 9.2 99.3 

Aid to the Permanently 

& Totally Disabled* ' 18,737 17,757 15,984 13,245 5.5 41.5 



08,281 


84,570 


78,902 


64,886 


55,652 


46,684 


36,708 


27,924 


18,737 


17,757 


15,984 


13,245 


13,841 


9,295 


6,744 


6,369 


9,834 


8,921 


8,338 


7,705 


9,284 


9,866 


10,456 


9,179 



General Public Assistance 13,841 9,295 6,744 6,369 48.9 117.3 

Old Age Assistance* 9,834 8,921 8,338 7,705 10.2 27.6 

Foster Care of Children** 9,284 9,866 10,456 9,179 -5.9 1.1 

General Public Assis- 
tance to Employables 540 978 317 188 -44.8 357.6 

Public Assistance to 
the Needy Blind 393 364 355 346 8.0 13.6 

individuals, **children. 

As of June of the respective years. 

Source: Maryland State Department of Employment & Social Services, Annual Report 
for years stated. 



•143- 



NO. 113 



SERVICES OTHER THAN ASSISTANCE IN PROGRAM: FISCAL YEARS 1972, 1971 



TYPE OF SERVICE 



NUMBER 



1972 



1971 



Foster Care and adoption service 
Children in foster care 
Children in adoption service 

Adoptions completed during year 
Agency homes under supervision 

Homes approved during year 

Class H license home (family homes reciving 
children directly from parents) 

Family day care licensed homes 

Protective Services 

Families 
Children 

Requests from other agencies - Total 

Adoption investigations for the Courts 
All other 

Single Parent Service 



2,739 


11,924 


2,359 


3,817 


702 


640 


6,516 


6,834 


1,075 


1,306 


46 


52 


2,369 


1,763 



3,139 


2,935 


7,676 


7,236 


3,686 


3,951 


294 


296 


3,392 


3,655 


3,307 


1,312 



Source: Maryland State Department of Employment & Social Services, Annual Report 
for years stated. 



-144- 



NO. 114 

NUMBER OF APPLICATIONS FOR ASSISTANCE RECEIVED, APPROVED, 
AND NOT APPROVED, NUMBER OF CASES ASSISTED AND DISCONTINUED 

FISCAL YEAR 1972 







NUMBER 


OF APPLICATIONS 


PER CENT 

NOT 
APPROVED 

FOR 

PAYMENT 


NUMBER 


OF 






(2) 

RECEIVED 


APPROVED 
FOR(2) 

PAYMENT 


NOT 
APPROVED 

FOR 
PAYMENT 


CASES 


APPLICANT GROUP 


ASSISTED 

DURING 

YEAR 


DISCONTINUED 
FOR 
ASSISTANCE K J 


Total 


81,293 


63,878 


17,236 


21.2 


154,180 (4) 


50,937 (4) 


Aged Individual 


5,489 


4,182 


1,513 


27.6 


13,270 




3,117 


Families with Children 


38,565 


29,656 


8,821 


22.9 


78,178 




20,821 


Blind Individual 


78 


61 


31 


39.7 


463 




57 


Disabled Individual 


5,205 


4,557 


762 


14.6 


24,075 




4,826 



Other Family or 

Individual 31,956 25,422 6,109 

General Public Assis- 
tance to Employables (5) (5) (5) 



19.1 



(5) 



29,612 



8,582 



14,715 



7,401 



(1) 

(2) 

(3) 
(4) 

(5) 



Includes applications from individuals requesting payment for institutional services 
in Intermediate Care Facilities (ICF) ; and excludes applications from families with 
children requesting Emergency Assistance (EAFC) . 

Excludes cases of money payment status who are transferred from one program to 
another - reapplications by recipients for change in program has been discontinued. 

Includes cases transferred to another program. 

Includes a duplicate count of cases which received payments in more than one 
program and cases reopened for money payment during year. 

Included with General Public Assistance Applications. 



Source: Maryland State Department of Employment & Social Services; Annual Report 
for 1972. 



-145- 



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-14S- 



CITY WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET 

The city worker's family budget refers to the annual cost of a moderate 
living standard for a family comprised of a 38-year-old husband, a wife not 
employed full time outside the home, a 13-year-old boy, and an 8-year-old 
girl. This is the model family devised by the Bureau of Labor Statistics, 
U. S. Department of Labor. 

In 1977 the average urban worker's budget was $11,446, while the Baltimore 
budget was $11,327. The Washington budget at the same time was $11,736. 
Using 30 metropolitan areas to equal 100, the Baltimore area had an index 
of 99 while the Washington area index was 103. As will be noted in accompanying 
tables, average earnings differ considerably as between occupational groups 
when using the metropolitan areas base. 



-147- 



NO. 116 
CONSUMER PRICE INDICES U.S./ 1 ) BALTIMORE, MD . , AND WASHINGTON, D.C.: 1968-1972 

(1967 = 100) 



YEAR 



BALTIMORE, MD, 



WASHINGTON, D. C, 



U.S. AVERAGE 



1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 



126.3 

123.4 
117.0 
110.5 
104.1 



126.9 

122.7 
117.6 
111.2 
104.7 



125.3 
121.3 
116.3 
109.8 
104.2 



' -'Based on 56 "cities" metropolitan areas and non metropolitan urban places 
beginning January, 1966 

Sources: U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics 

NO. 117 

URBAN WORKER'S FAMILY BUDGET, ^ 
BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREA AND SELECTED U. S. METROPOLITAN AREAS: AUTUMN 1972 



METROPOLITAN AREA 



TOTAL BUDGET 



INDEX 



(2) 



Boston 

New York 

San Francisco - Oakland 

Chicago 

Cleveland 

Philadelphia 

Minneapolis - St. Paul 

Los Angeles 

Washington, D. C. 

Detroit 

BALTIMORE 

Pittsburgh 

Cincinnati 

Atlanta 

Dallas 

Houston 

Urban U.S. 



13,576 
13,179 
12,324 
11,964 
11,872 
11,502 
11,767 
11,534 
11,736 
11,502 
11,327 
11,189 
10,942 
10,270 
10,422 
10,270 

11,446 



119 

115 

108 

105 

104 

100 

103 

101 

103 

100 

99 

98 

96 

90 

91 

90 

100 



Refers to annual cost of a moderate living standard for a family comprised of 
a 38 year old husband, wife not employed full time outside the home, 13 year old 
boy, and an 8 year old girl. 

(2)Urban U. S. City Worker's Family Budget = 100 
Source: U. S. Department of Labor, Bureau of Labor Statistics. 

-148- 



NO. 118 

INDICIES OF AVERAGE EARNINGS OF WORKERS IN SELECTED 
OCCUPATIONAL GROUPS, AND RELATIVE ADVANCE IN 30 
METROPOLITAN AREAS: 1972 
(ALL METROPOLITAN AREAS = 100) 





AREA 




OFFICE 


ELECTRONIC 


SKILLED 


UNSKILLED 




CLERICAL 


DATA PROCESSING 


MAINTENANCE 


PLANT 


Atlanta, Ga. 




100 


99 


96 


88 


Baltimore, Md. 




99 


96 


98 


90 


Boston, Mass. 




98 


98 


97 


94 


Buffalo, N.Y. 




101 


96 


103 


107 


Chicago, 111. 




105 


102 


107 


111 


Cincinnati, Ohio, Ky., 


Ind. 


97 


95 


99 


100 


Cleveland, Ohio 




102 


101 


103 


110 


Dallas, Tex. 




94 


93 


90 


80 


Dayton, Ohio 




105 


102 


105 


112 


Denver, Colo. 




98 


99 


100 


97 


Detroit, Mich. 




119 


117 


116 


127 


Green Bay, Wis. 




94 


- 


92 


115 


Houston, Tex. 




98 


99 


98 


77 


Indianapolis, Ind. 




98 


98 


105 


106 


Kansas City, Mo., Kans 




97 


104 


106 


108 


Los Angeles, Long Beach, 










Anaheim, Santa Ana, Garden 










Grove, Calif. 




108 


107 


104 


112 


Milwaukee, Wis. 




98 


96 


107 


106 


Minneapolis, St. Pual, 


Minn. 


94 


95 


108 


114 


New York, N.Y. 




109 


109 


101 


112 


Philadelphia, Pa., N.J 




97 


98 


96 


104 


Pittsburgh, Pa. 




102 


101 


99 


109 


Portland, Maine 




87 


- 


84 


89 


St. Louis, Mo. , 111. 




98 


95 


104 


106 


San Diego, Calif. 




103 


101 


106 


108 


San Francisco, Oakland 


, Calif 


110 


106 


117 


130 


Seattle, Everett, Wash 




102 


97 


106 


123 


Washington, D.C., Md., 


Va. 


104 


99 


97 


86 


Wichita, Kans. 




95 


— 


91 


89 


Source: U.S. Dept. of 


Labor, 


Bureau of 


Labor Statistics, 


Wage Differences 


Among 


Metropolitan Areas, 


1971-1972. 









-149- 



STATE FINANCE 

Maryland's fiscal 1972 State expenditures totaled $1,934,932,000. Of 
this total, 34.5 per cent went to education, 16.5 per cent to highways and 
transportation, and 12.4 per cent to public health, hospitals, and mental 
hygiene, with 11.1 per cent going to public assistance programs. 

During the same fiscal year the State received $1,925,134,000 with 27.3 
per cent of that total coming from income tax sources, 15.2 per cent from 
retail sales and use taxes, 6.6 per cent from motor fuels taxes, 6.7 per cent 
from motor vehicle user taxes, fines and licenses, 16.3 per cent from federal 
grants, and 10.4 per cent from bond issues. 

Net cash expenditures have increased nearly 78 per cent from fiscal 
year 1968 to fiscal year 1972 while net cash receipts have increased more than 80 
per cent over the same time period. As might be expected, the fiscal 1972 
growth is quite large in both categories, with net cash expenditures more than 20 
per cent above the year-earlier figure and the net cash receipts standing 
almost 15 per cent above the prior year. 



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NO. 121 

GENERAL REVENUE SHARING ESTIMATED PAYMENTS TO MARYLAND, 
BALTIMORE CITY AND ALL COUNTIES i 1 
FISCAL YEAR 1974 



1974 ESTIMATED 
PAYMENT 
JUR1SIDCTION ($) 

TOTAL 2 121,106,021 

State of Maryland 3 40,312,166 

All Counties 49,205,675 

Baltimore City 26,990,636 

Allegany 1,825,287 

Anne Arundel 4,918,081 

Baltimore 12,353,788 

Calvert 371,851 

Caroline 352,774 

Carroll 1,425,726 

Cecil 1,143,802 

Charles 1,051,596 

Dorchester 566,325 

Frederick 2,269,819 

Garrett 604,691 

Harford 1,293,857 

Howard 1,001,699 

Kent 454,019 

Montgomery 4,555,224 

Prince George's 9,775,490 

Queen Anne's 399,528 

St. Mary's 546,526 

Somerset 519,180 

Talbot 334,044 

Washington 1,225,556 

Wicomico 912,057 

Worcester 304,755 

County shares are those payments made to the county level government; 
they do not include payments to individual jurisdictions within a 
given county. 

Includes payments to Maryland, Baltimore City, all counties and 149 
sub county jurisdictions 
-^Includes State share 

4lncludes county shares, exclusive of payments to individual jurisdictions 
within a given county. 

Source: U. S. Department of the Treasury, Office of Revenue Sharing 



-153- 



FINANCIAL INSTITUTIONS 

The number of active banks of all types in Maryland decreased by over 
eight per cent, to a total of 117, between 1968 and 1971. Mergers of smaller 
banks into larger institutions are primarily responsible for this decrease. 
Total assets or liabilities increased during the period by more than 28 
per cent. The greater change occurred in national banks vis-a-vis state 
chartered banks. While the number of national banks dropped in absolute 
terms from 49 to 39, their total assets or liabilities rose 23.4 per cent. 

Over the same time period the number of industrial finance companies 
decreased by 11 per cent (265 to 325) , and their total assets or liabilities 
and capital rose 4.8 per cent to an amount in excess of $343 million. Meanwhile 
credit unions remained at 37 in number. Total assets or liabilities of the 
credit unions in 1971 stood at almost $75 million, an increase of 55.3 per cent 
since 1968. 

The number of building, savings, and loan associations in Maryland decreased 
from 258 at the end of 1971 to 239 a year later. Of those associations active 
at the end of 1972, 80 were either federally chartered or were State chartered 
with federal insurance, 146 were State chartered with Maryland Savings Share 
Insurance Corporation insurance, and only 13 were State chartered uninsured 
associations . 

Nearly $4,000,000,000 in mortgage loans were outstanding as of December 
31, 1972 by the associations in Maryland, a 21.4 per cent increase from the year 
prior. Similarly, total assets increased to over $4,600,000,000 representing a 
20.8 per cent increase. 



-154- 



NO. 122 
ALL ACTIVE BANKS IN MARYLAND t 1 ) 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES - 1971 AND 1968 

(MONEY FIGURES IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS AS OF DEC. 31) 



ITEM 



1971 



1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1971 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including 
Mortgages & Judgments 

U.S. Government & Other 
Securities 

Cash & Balances with Other 
Banks 

Total Liabilities 

Total Deposits 



117 128 

$ 7,971 $ 6,204 



4,374 


3,441 


2,348 


1,663 


879 


865 


7,269 


5,696 


6,927 


5,512 



- 8.6 
28.5 

27.1 

41.2 

1.6 
27.6 
25.7 



(1) 



National, State, Trust and Mutual Banks. 



Source: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report, 1972, and 
Fifty-Ninth Annual Report, 1969. U.S. Comptroller of the Currency, 
Annual Report, 1971, and Annual Report, 1968. 



-155- 



NO. 123 



ALL ACTIVE NATIONAL BANKS IN MARYLAND, 

SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1971, 1968 

(MONEY FIGURES IN MILLIONS OF DOLLARS AS OF DEC. 31) 



ITEM 



1971 



1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1971 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans , Including 

Mortgages & Judgments 

U. S. Government and other 

Securities 

Cash & Balances with other 

Banks 

Total Liabilities 

Selected Liabilities 
Total Deposits 
Demand 
Time and Savings 

Total Capital Accounts 



39 

$3,185 



49 
$2,581 



-18.8 
23.4 



1,578 


1,300 


21.4 


910 


658 


38.3 


483 


510 


-5.3 


2,921 


2,385 


22.5 


2,689 


2,280 


17.9 


1,441 


1,371 


5.1 


1,248 


909 


37.3 



235 



196 



19.9 



Sources: U. S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report, 1971. 
U. S. Comptroller of the Currency, Annual Report, 1968. 



-156- 



NO. 124 



ALL ACTIVE STATE BANKS AND TRUST COMPANIES IN MARYLAND, 
SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1971 AND 1968 
(MONEY FIGURES IN MILLIONS) 



ITEM 



1971 



1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1971 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets or Liabilities 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including Mortgages & 

Judgments 
U. S. Gov't. & Other Securities 
Cash & Balances with Other Banks 



72 
$3,695 



74 
$2,725 



-2.7 
35.6 



2,082 


1,547 


34.6 


1,137 


768 


48.0 


376 


339 


10.9 



Selected Liabilities: 

Capital Stock, Surplus Undivided Profits 

& Reserves 
Total Deposits 



316 
3,252 



242 
2,414 



30.6 
34.7 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Fifty-Ninth Annual Report , 1969. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report , 1972 

NO. 125 

ALL ACTIVE MUTUAL SAVINGS BANKS IN MARYLAND, 

SUMMARY OF ASSETS AND LIABILITIES: 1971 AND 1968 

(MONEY FIGURES IN MILLIONS) 



ITEM 



1971 



1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1968/1971 



Number of Banks 

Total Assets or Liabilities 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans, Including Mortgages & 

Judgments 
U. S. Gov't. & Other Securities 
Cash & Balances in Other Banks 

Selected Liabilities: 

Surplus, Undivided Profits & Reserves 
Total Deposits 



5 
$1,091 



6 
$ 898 



714 


594 


290 


237 


20 


16 


86 


69 


987 


818 



(1) 



-16.7 
21.5 



20.2 
22.4 
25.0 



24.6 
20.7 



(1) 



Includes $41,230,000 of surplus or guaranty fund, 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Fifty-Ninth Annual Report , 1969. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report, 1972. 



-157- 



NO. 126 

CREDIT UNIONS IN MARYLAND: 1971 AND 1968 

(Money figures in millions) 



ITEM 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1971 1968 1971/1968 



Number of Credit Unions 

Total Assets or Liabilities 

Selected Assets: 
Loan to Members 
Cash (On hand and in banks) 
Securities 

Selected Liabilities 

Paid in Shares, Reserve Funds & Surplus 
Deposits 





37 


37 


NC 


$ 


74.7 


$ 48.1 


55.3 




62 


42.7 


45.2 




3.6 


1.0 


260 




8.0 


1.9 


321 




69.5 


40.9 


69.9 




1.7 


3.6 


-52.7 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Fifty-Ninth Annual Report , 1969. 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report , 1972, 

NO. 127 
INDUSTRIAL FINANCE COMPANIES IN MARYLAND: 1971 AND 1968 
(Money figures in millions) 



ITEM 







PER CENT CHANGE 


1971 


1968 


1971/1968 


325 


365 


-11.0 


$ 343.7 


$ 328.1 


4.8 


330.5 


314.6 


5.1 


4.0 


6.6 


-39.3 



Number of Licensees 

Total Assets or Liabilities & Capital 

Selected Assets: 

Total Loans Receivable 
Cash (On hand and in banks) 

Selected Liabilities: 

Capital Stock, Surplus, Undivided Profits, 

& Reserves 

Deferred Income 

Due Home Office, Holding Company or 

Affiliates 

Notes Payable (Banks and others) 



34.1 


31.8 


7.2 


30.1 


29.9 


.7 


239.5 


216.8 


10.5 


25.0 


37.1 


-32.6 



Sources: Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Fifty-Ninth Annual Report , 1969, 
Maryland State Bank Commissioner, Sixty-Second Annual Report , 1972. 



-158- 



NO. 128 



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-159- 



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-163- 



LIFE INSURANCE 

The strength of the Maryland economy is again evident in the field of 
life insurance. Nearly $2,794,000,000 of ordinary life insurance was purchased 
in Maryland during 1972. This figure represents a 11.7 per cent increase 
from the prior year and a 70.9 per cent increase since 1967. 

When all types of life insurance are considered, Marylanders held more 
than seven million policies with an in force valuation in excess of thirty- 
one billion dollars. The average amount in force per family in Maryland 
stood at $23,200 during 1972, representing an increase of 149.5 per cent 
since 1968. Maryland's average is therefore somewhat above the national 
family average of $22,900 of life insurance in force. 



-154- 



NO. 131 



LIFE INSURANCE IN FORCE IN MARYLAND: 1972 



(1) 



TYPE 



NUMBER OF POLICIES 
(1,000) 



AMOUNT 
($1,000,000) 



Total 

Ordinary 
Group 

Industrial 
Credit 



7,322 

2,390 
1,451 
2,103 
1,378 



31,490 

16,520 

12,310 

1,063 

1,597 



Average amount in force per family $23,200 (149.5 per cent increase since 
1968). 

Includes group credit. 

Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book, 1973 . 



NO. 132 
PURCHASES OF ORDINARY LIFE INSURANCE, MARYLAND: 1967-1972 



YEAR 



AMOUNT PURCHASED 
($1,000,000) 



PER CENT CHANGE 
YEAR TO YEAR 



PER CENT CHANGE 
YEAR TO 1967 



1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 



2,794 
2,500 
2,209 
2,017 
1,822 
1,635 



11.7 
13.2 
9.5 
10.7 
11.4 



70.9 
53.0 
35.1 
23.4 
11.4 



Source: Institute of Life Insurance, Life Insurance Fact Book, 1973. 



-165- " 



MASS MEDIA 

There are two major market centers for the mass media in the State, as well 
as several smaller ones. The major market centers are metropolitan Baltimore and 
metropolitan Washington, D. C. 

Fifteen daily papers, including two designated as Washington, D. C. publi- 
cations serve the State, and five more publish twice weekly. In addition, there 
are many weekly newspapers put out throughout the State. 

When this volume went to press, there were nine television stations on the 
air in Maryland. In addition, there are five stations on the air from Washington, 
D. C. which serve many viewers in Maryland. 

Two of the stations in Maryland are noncommercial, as is one operating from 
Washington. However, the noncommercial channels in Maryland, with the call 
letters WMPB and WCPB are state operated stations, with the Maryland Public 
Broadcasting Commission being the licensee. Eventually the Commission will 
operate seven channels throughout the State. In addition to the facilities 
existing presently near Baltimore, and in Salisbury, transmitters are planned 
for Annapolis, Cumberland, Frederick, Hagerstown, and Waldorf. 

Beside its potential range, the commercial television channel on the Eastern 
Shore has its range augmented by use of cable subscription, and the commercial 
channel operating from Hagerstown has its range expanded to reach the surrounding 
Pennsylvania and West Virginia areas as well as the Maryland viewers due to the 
many homes subscribing to cable services in that market. 

Maryland radio listeners have their choice of 51 AM stations as well as 
several Washington, D. C. outlets which reach the State's residents. In addition 
to these stations, there are 33 FM stations located in Maryland, and, again there 

-166- 



are additional facilities originating from the District of Columbia. These FM 
stations cover the broad range from simultaneous programming with AM affiliates 
to partial simulcasting to independent operations. 

The communications facilities are thus well represented in the State, and 
Maryland's citizens have broad latitude and availability among the printed and 
electronic media. 



-167- 



NO. 133 
TELEVISION STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1972 



CITY 



CALL LETTERS 



CHANNEL 



YEAR 
ESTABLISHED 



(U) (V) 
UHF OR VHF 



Baltimore 



Bethesda 

Hagerstown 

Salisbury 



WBAL 


11 


1948 


WBFF 


45 


1970 


WJZ 


13 


1948 


WMAR 


2 


1947 


WMBP 


67 


1969 


WDCA 


20 


1966 


WHAG 


25 


1969 


WBOC 


16 


1954 


WCPB 


28 


1970 



(1) 



V 

u 

V 
V 

u 
u 

u 

u 

u 



(1) 



Noncommercial . 



Source: Reprinted by permission, 1973 Broadcasting Yearbook, 1735 De Sales Street, 
N. W. , Washington, D. C. 20036. 



-168- 



NO. 134 
AM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1972 



CITY 



CALL LETTERS 



MEGACYCLES 



ESTABLISHED 



Aberdeen 
Annapolis 

Baltimore 



WAMD 

WANN 
WNAV 
WYRE 

WAYE 
WBAL 
WBMD 
WCAO 
WCBM 
WEBB 
WFBR 
WITH 
WSID 
WWIN 



Bel Air 


WVOB 


Bethesda 


WGMS 




WUST 


Braddock Heights 


WMHI 


Brunswick 


WTRI 


Cambridge 


WCEM 


Chestertown 


WCTR 


Cumberland 


WCUM 




WTBO 




WUOK 


Easton 


WEMD 


Elkton 


WSER 


Frederick 


WFMD 


Frostburg 


WFRB 


Gaithersburg 


WHMC 



970 

1190 

1430 

810 

860 

1090 

750 

600 

680 

1360 

1300 

1230 

1010 

1400 

1520 

570 
1120 

1370 

1520 

1240 

1530 

1230 
1450 
1270 

1460 

1550 

930 

560 

1150 



1957 

1947 
1949 
1946 

1955 
1925 
1947 
1922 
1924 
1955 
1922 
1941 
1947 
1951 

1963 

1946 
1949 

1960 

1966 

1947 

1963 

1948 
1928 
1953 

1960 

1963 

1936 

1958 

1962 



(continued on following page) 



-169- 



NO. 134 
AM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1972 (Cont'd) 



CITY 



Glen Burnie 
Hagerstown 

Halfway 

Havre De Grace 

La Plata 

Laurel 

Leonardtown 

Lexington Park 

Morningside 

Oakland 

Ocean City 

Pocomoke City 

Potomac 

Rockville 

Salisbury 

Silver Spring 
Thurmont 
Tows on 
Westminster 
Wheaton 



CALL LETTERS 



WISZ 

WARK 
WJEJ 

WHAG 

WASA 

WSMD 

WLMD 

WKIK 

WPTX 

WPGC 

WMSG 

WETT 

WDMV 

WXLN 

WINZ 

WBOC 
WICO 

WGAY 

WTHU 

WTOW 

WTTR 

WDON 



KILOCYCLES 



1590 

1490 
1240 

1410 

1330 

1560 

900 
1370 

920 
1580 
1050 
1590 

540 

950 

1600 

960 
1320 

1050 

1450 

1570 

1470 

1540 



ESTABLISHED 



1963 

1947 
1932 

1962 

1948 

1965 

1965 

1953 

1953 

1954 

1963 

1960 

1955 

1965 

1951 

1940 
1957 

1946 

1967 

1955 

1953 

1954 



Source: Reprinted by permission, 1973 Broadcasting Yearbook , 1935 De Sales Street, 
N. W. , Washington, D. C. 20036. 



-170- 



NO. 135 
FM RADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1972 





CITY 


CALL LETTERS 


MEGACYCLES 


ESTABLISHED 


Annapolis 


WFSI (1) 


107.9 


1960 




WNAV 


99.1 


1947 


Baltimore 


WBAL m 
WBJC U; 


97.9 


1958 




91.5 


1951 




WCAO 


102.7 


1947 




WFMM 


93.1 


1960 




WITH 


104.3 


1949 




WMAR 


106.5 


1960 




WRBS 


95.1 


1964 




WLPL 


92.3 


1960 




WTOW 


101.9 


1960 


Bethesda 


WHFS 


102.3 


1961 




WJMD 


94.7 


1959 


Braddock Heights 


WMHI 


103.9 


1972 


Cambridge 


WCEM 


106.3 


1968 


Catonsville 


WKTK 


105.7 


1963 


Cumberland 


WCUM 


102.9 


1948 




WKGO 


106.1 


1962 


Frederick 


WERE 


99.9 


1961 


Frostburg 


WFRB 


105.3 


1965 


Glen Burnie 


WISZ 


95.9 


1964 


Hagerstown 


WARK 


106.9 


1957 




WJEJ 


104.7 


1946 


Halfway 


WHAG 


96.7 


1965 


Havre De Grace 


WASA 


103.7 


1960 


La Plata 


WSMD 


104.1 


1965 


Mornings ide 


WPGC 


95.5 


1959 


Oakland 


WMSG 


92.1 


1963 


Prince Frederick 


WESM 


92.7 


1971 


Salisbury 


WBOC 


104.7 


1965 



(continued on following page) 



-171- 



NO. 135 
FM KADIO STATIONS IN MARYLAND: 1972 (Cont'd) 



CITY 



CALL LETTERS 


MEGACYCLES 


ESTABLISHED 


WGTS^ 


91.9 


1957 


WTTR 


100.7 


1959 


WYII 


95.9 


1972 



Takoma Park 
Westminster 
Williamsport 



(1) 



Noncommercial. 



Source: Reprinted by permission, 1973 Broadcasting Yearbook , 1935 De Sales Street, 
N. W. Washington, D. C. 20036. 



-172- 



NO. 136 

TELEVISION BROADCAST REVENUES, EXPENSES AND INCOME (1) BY MARKET, 
BALTIMORE AND WASHINGTON, D. C. : 1972 



ITEM BALTIMORE WASHINGTON, D. C, 

No. of Stations in Operation 5 6 

No. Reporting $25,000 or more Time Sales 4 5 

Time Sales ($) 28,181,968 43,714,671 

Networks 2,173,011 2,480,430 

National and Regional Advertising Sponsors 15,975,870 27,031,541 

Local Advertisers & Sponsors( 2 ) 10,033,087 14,202,700 

Total Broadcast Revenues 23,868,223 37,574,581 

Total Broadcast Expenses 16,443,527 31,855,311 



Total Broadcast Income^ 1 ) 7,424,696 



5,719,270 



Before federal taxes 

(2) 

Before commissions 

(3) 

Consists of total time sales less commissions plus talent and program sales 

Source: Federal Communications Commission 



-173- 



NO. 137 

EXPENSES 
METROPOLITAN AREA: 1971 



AM AND AM/FM BROADCAST REVENUES, EXPENSES AND INCOME , ' MARYLAND AND BALTIMORE 



ITEM STATE BALTIMORE METROPOLITAN AREA 

No. of Stations in Operation 65 19 

(2) 

No. Reporting $25,000 or more Time Sales v ' 60 19 

Time Sales $ 24,103,667 $ 13,890,143 

Networks 147,300 134,988 
National & Regional Advertisers & 

Sponsors (3) 6,602,778 4,559,375 

(3) 

Local Advertisers & Sponsors v ' 17,353,589 9,195,780 

Total Broadcast Revenues^ 21,482,456 11,898,890 

Total Broadcast Expenses 18,263,753 9,289,530 

Total Broadcast Income ^' 3,218,703 2,609,360 

Note: Independent FM Stations are not included. Included are AM stations and AM/FM 
stations. 



(1) 
(2) 

(3) 
(4) 



Before federal taxes. 

Stations with less than $25,000 time sales report only total revenues and total 
expenses. Stations with total time sales of $25,000 or more, however, accounted 
for 99 per cent of the broadcast revenues. 

Before commissions. 

Consists of total time sales less commissions plus talent and program sales. 



Source: Federal Communications Commission, AM-FM Broadcast Financial Data - 1971 
(PN 92704), Tables 21 and 22. 



-174- 



NO. 138 
DAILY NEWSPAPERS OF GENERAL CIRCULATION IN MARYLAND 



(1) 



PLACE OF 
PUBLICATION 



NAME OF 
PAPER 



DATE 
ESTABLISHED 



TIME OF 
ISSUE 



Annapolis 
Baltimore 



Cambridge 
Cumberland 

Frederick 

Hagerstown 

Salisbury 
Washington, D. C, 



The Evening Capital 
(3) 



(2) 



The Sun 



The Evening Sun 



(2) 



The Baltimore News-American 
(2) 



(3) 



The Daily Record 
The Daily Banner 



(2) 



The Cumberland Daily News 



(2) 



The Cumberland Evening Times 

(2) 
The Frederick Post v ' 

(2) 



(3) 



The News 



The Daily Mail 



(2) 



The Morning Herald 



(2) 



The Salisbury Daily Times 

(3) 

The Washington Post 



(2) 



The Evening Star and 

Washington Daily News 



(3) 



1884 


Evening 


1837 


Morning 


1910 


Evening 


1872 


Evening 


1888 


Morning 


1897 


Evening 


1870 


Morning 


1869 


Evening 


1910 


Morning 


1883 


Evening 


1828 


Evening 


1873 


Morning 


1923 


Evening 


1877 


Morning 



1972 



Evening 



(1) 



(2) 



(3) 



In addition the Baltimore Afro American, Carroll County Times, Ellicott City 
Times, Montgomery County Sentinal and the Washington, D. C. Afro American 
are published twice weekly. These are the only newspapers serving the State 
published less frequently than daily but more frequently than weekly. 

No Sunday edition. 

Also publishes Sunday edition. 



-175- 



UTILITIES 

The need for energy has been increasing at a great rate. Installed electrical 
generating capacity in the State increased more than 125 per cent in the decade 
from 1960-1970, with all of the increase coming from electric utilities. One 
of the State's major electric utilities has a nuclear powered electric generating 
plant under construction on the shores of the Chesapeake Bay, and there are plans 
to build more nuclear plants in the future. Virtually all of the electric utilities 
installed capacity is privately owned. 

Combined commercial and industrial electric sales in Maryland reached 
16,598,000,000 KWHR in 1972, an increase of 5.0 per cent over 1971 sales and an 
increase since 1960 of 194.8 per cent. Industrial sales rose 3.1 per cent between 
1971 and 1972 and 147.3 per cent over the 1960-1972 time period. Commercial sales 
increased 8.3 per cent over the previous year and 323.5 per cent from 1960 to 1972. 

There has been a similar, if not as striking, demand for gas utility energy 
in the 1960-1970 time period. While the number of customers has increased 27.5 
per cent, total revenues have increased by 88.5 per cent. This indicates strongly 
a per customer .increase in gas usage as well as an increase in gas rates. 

The telephone continues to play an increasingly dominant role in communication. 
As of December 31, 1972, 1,430,000 telephone accounts were in existence with some 
2,705,000 telephones in use in the State. It is likely that future years will see 
continued expansion in telephone use, particularly in the fields of retail selling 
and data processing, improved satellite internation communication, and the advent 
of telephone-television combination. 

In view of the present problems in the energy field, series on gas and electric 
utilization will be kept as timely as possible. 



-176- 



NO. 139 

GAS UTILITY INDUSTRY, CUSTOMERS AND REVENUES, MARYLAND: 

1970 AND 1960 





YEAR AND 




CUSTOMERS 


(1,000) (1) 




REVENUES 


($1 


,000,000) 


(2) 


PER CENT 
CHANGE 


(3) 

TOTAL K J 


RESI- 
DENTIAL 


COMMER- 
CIAL 


INDUS- 
TRIAL 


(3) 

TOTAL K ' 


RESI- 
DENTIAL 


COMMER- 
CIAL 


INDUS- 
TRIAL 


1970 
1960 

Per Cent 

Change 

1960/1970 


713 

559 

27.5 


662 
522 

26.8 


45 
35 

28.6 


5 
2 

150.0 


164 
87 

88.5 


105 
65 

61.5 




22 
9 

144.4 


35 
13 

169.2 



(1) 



Annual Averages. 



(2) 



Excludes sales for resale. 



(3) 



Includes "Other" service, not shown separately. 



Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States : 1972 
and 1962. 



-177- 



NO. 140 

INSTALLED GENERATING CAPACITY AND PRODUCTION OF ELECTRIC UTILITIES AND 
INSTALLED PLANTS BY CLASS OF OWNERSHIP AND TYPE OF PRIME MOVER, MARYLAND: 

1970 AND 1960 



ITEM 



TYPE OF PRIME MOVER 



CLASS OF OWNERSHIP 
OF ELECTRIC UTILITIES 



ELECTRIC UTILITIES 
TOTAL FUEL HYDRO " INDUSTRIAL TOTAL 



PRI- 
VATELY 
OWNED 



PUBLICLY 
OWNED 



MUNI- 
CIPAL 



OTHER 



(1) 



Installed 








Capacity 








(00 KW) 








1970 


5,296 


4,575 


494 


1960 


2,349 


2,077 


272 


Per Cent 








Change 








1960/1970 


125.5 


120.3 


81.6 


Production 








(000,000 








KWH) 








1970 


24,917 


21,531 


1,906 


1960 


10,668 


9,311 


1,358 


Per Cent 








Change 








1960/1970 


133.6 


131.2 


40.4 



227 
272 



-16.5 



1,480 
1,429 



3.6 



5,068 5,017 52 
2,077 2,014 56 



144.0 149.1 -7.1 



23,438 23,292 146 
9,240 9,110 109 



153.7 155.7 33.9 



21 



(1) 



Includes Federal, State, public utility districts, and cooperatives 



Sources: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 
1969 and 1972. 



-178- 



NO. 141 

COMMERCIAL AND INDUSTRIAL ELECTRIC SALES IN MARYLAND: 

1965-1972, 1960 



YEAR 



TOTAL COMMERCIAL 

AND INDUSTRIAL 

SALES (MILLION KWHR) 



COMMERCIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



INDUSTRIAL SALES 
(MILLION KWHR) 



1972 


16,598 


1971 


15,803 


1970 


14,551 


1969 


13,061 


1968 


11,856 


1967 


10,824 


1966 


9,852 


1965 


8,724 


1960 


5,631 


Per Cent Change 




1971/1972 


5.0 


1960/1972 


194.8 



6,424 
5,930 
5,570 
5,107 
4,629 
4,122 
3,714 
3,291 
1,517 

8.3 
323.5 



10,174 
9,873 
8,981 
7,954 
7,227 
6,702 
6,138 
5,433 
4,114 

3.1 
147.3 



Source: Edison Electric Institute. 



-179- 




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MOTOR VEHICLES 

Motor vehicles play a major role in the Maryland economy. In addition 
to traffic volume and highway utilization rates, the manufacture, distribution, 
maintenance, and commercial use of motor vehicles in the State represent a 
major economic force. 

It is estimated by the Motor Vehicle Manufacturer Association of the 
United States that the automotive businesses in the State represented, in 1971, 
11.6 per cent of all businesses and 8.2 per cent of all employees in Maryland. 
Further, the total payrolls were 8.6 per cent of all payrolls in the State. 
These figures, impressive as they are, do not consider even allied or related 
businesses, e.g., highway and street construction or petroleum products. 

There were 2,072,129 motor vehicles registered in our State during the 
1973 registration year. Some 2,151,000 persons held licenses to operate vehicles 
during 1972. 

There are 24,603 miles of highway in the State, nearly half of which is in 
the metropolitan Baltimore and the metropolitan Washington areas. Interstate 
highways comprise more than 328 miles of these totals. Traffic recorders located 
at 38 points in the State show substantial increases over prior periods of record, 
both on one year and ten year comparisons. Save for the Susquehanna River Bridge, 
and the Potomac River Bridge toll facilities have shown marked growth. The 
reduction in the Susquehanna Bridge's traffic came about as the result of the opening 
of the John F. Kennedy Highway, a road which roughly parallels U. S. Route 40. 

Motor vehicle user taxes, license, fines, and costs amounted to over 
$257,978,000 in fiscal 1972, up $19,278,000 from the fiscal 1971 figure. The 
1972 amount represents 13.3 per cent of the total State revenue for the fiscal 
year . 



-181 - 



NO. 143 

MOTOR VEHICLES ASSEMBLED OR PRODUCED IN MARYLAND: 1970-1972 



CLASSIFICATION 



NUMBER PRODUCED 



PER CENT OF TOTAL 
U.S. PRODUCTION 



Passenger Cars (Model Year) 

1972 
1971 
1970 

Motor Trucks (Calendar Year) 

1972 
1971 



190,281 
139,975 
157,769 



109,784 
96,853 



2.2 
1.9 
2.1 



4.5 
4.6 



Source: Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association of the U.S., Inc., unpublished data. 



NO. 144 
NEW MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION AND NUMBER OF LICENSES 
DRIVERS IN MARYLAND: 1972 AND 1971 



TYPE 



1972(D 



1971 



Passenger Cars 155,137 

Motor Trucks 25,286 

Total 180,423 

Number of Licensed Drivers in 1972 2,151,000 

Drivers per Private Motor Vehicle la 02% 



219,282 
30,032 

249,314 



(1) 

September - December are delayed. 

Source: Motor Vehicle Manufacturers Association of the U.S., Inc., unpublished data. 



-182- 



NO. 145 
MOTOR VEHICLE REGISTRATION IN MARYLAND, BY TYPE AND POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISION: 1973 AND 1968 









1973(2) 






ms^ 1 ) 




POLITICAL 














SUBDIVISION 


TOTAL 


PLEASURE 


COMMERCIAL 


TOTAL 


PLEASURE 


COMMERCIAL 


Maryland 


2,072,129 


1,680,351 


391,778 


1,807,820 


1,511,211 


296,549 


Allegany 


43,386 


33,041 


10,345 


42,279 


33,844 


8,435 


Anne Arundel 


173,951 


139,063 


34,888 


138,879 


116,555 


22,324 


Baltimore City 


316,843 


266,325 


50,518 


312,202 


259,506 


52,696 


Baltimore 


345,070 


291,848 


53,222 


309,186 


272,793 


36,393 


Calvert 


10,826 


7,148 


3,678 


8,923 


6,600 


2,323 


Caroline 


13,593 


7,564 


6,029 


13,666 


8,485 


5,181 


Carroll 


46,540 


33,024 


13,516 


37,721 


28,049 


9,672 


Cecil 


28,269 


20,150 


8,119 


24,839 


18,475 


6,364 


Charles 


28,614 


21,360 


5,537 


20,983 


15,816 


5,167 


Dorchester 


17,312 


11,775 




16,666 


11,455 


5,211 


Frederick 


52,914 


38,576 


14,338 


44,888 


34,314 


10,574 


Garrett 


11,747 


7,630 


4,117 


10,444 


7,067 


3,377 


Harford 


66,723 


52,054 


14,669 


54,151 


43,748 


10,403 


Howard 


49,539 


39,288 


10,251 


32,184 


23,687 


8,497 


Kent 


10,048 


6,846 


3,202 


10,203 


7,285 


2,918 


Montgomery 


328,528 


287,488 


41,040 


270,292 


244,762 


25,530 


Prince George's 


359,406 


297,802 


61,604 


307,333 


267,522 


39,811 


Queen Anne ' s 


11,375 


7,648 


3,727 


10,331 


6,975 


3,356 


St. Mary's 


21,627 


15,348 


6,279 


17,902 


13,610 


4,292 


Somerset 


9,340 


6,571 


2,769 


8,881 


6,300 


2,581 


Talbot 


15,754 


11,074 


4,680 


14,337 


10,159 


4,178 


Washington 


59,164 


44,098 


15,066 


54,342 


42,750 


11,592 


Wicomico 


35,101 


23,867 


11,234 


32,536 


21,840 


10,696 


Worcester 


16,459 


10,763 


5,696 


14,652 


9,674 


4,978 



(1) 

(2) 



Registration Year is April 1, 1968 to April 30, 1969. 
Registration Year is February 13, 1973 to June 30, 1973. 



Source: State of Maryland, Department of Transportation, Motor Vehicle Administration, 
Segregation of Classifications by Political Subdivision , for years stated. 



-183- 



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NO. 147 
AVERAGE DAILY VEHICLE MILES, STATE MAINTAINED ROADS: 1972 AND 1968 



PER CENT CHANGE 
COUNTY 1972 1968 1968/1972 

Maryland 39,585,743 29,803,317 32.8 

Allegany 836,770 703,003 19.0 

Anne Arundel 4,130,755 3,431,359 20.4 

Baltimore 6,558,354 5,311,901 23.5 

Calvert 305,515 226,973 34.6 

Caroline 304,511 265,615 14.6 

Carroll 784,364 624,740 25.6 

Cecil 817,220 686,965 19.0 

Charles 741,196 611,942 21.1 

Dorchester 361,379 300,606 20.2 

Frederick 1,726,170 1,321,856 30.6 

Garrett 393,059 302,501 29.9 

Harford 1,272,269 1,120,714 13.5 

Howard 1,652,960 946,225 74.7 

Kent 236,095 218,691 8.0 

Montgomery 5,734,975 4,485,017 27.9 

Prince Georges 6,821,286 5,244,319 30.1 

Queen Anne's 568,510 487,492 16.6 

Somerset 335,782 285,746 17.5 

St. Mary's 511,696 449,151 13.9 

Talbot 528,710 452,025 17.0 

Washington 1,549,739 1,272,497 21.8 

Wicomico 668,117 559,124 19.5 

Worcester 604,128 494,855 22.1 

Sources: State Roads Commission of Maryland, Bureau of Highway Statistics, 

Allocation of Maintenance Funds Report , 1968; State Highway System , 
1972. 



-185- 



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-186- 



THE PORT OF BALTIMORE 

The Port of Baltimore ranks as the fourth largest foreign trade port 
in the United States. In 1972, 26,006,544 long tons of cargo were handled, 
an increase of more than seven per cent over the corresponding figure for 1971. 
Approximately 72 per cent of this tonnage was in import commerce. 

Although the export tonnage represents only 28 per cent of the total 
tonnage, its value is more than 42 per cent of the total value. This fact is 
due to the more sophisticated nature of the manufactured devices primarily 
in export as opposed to the bulk commodities and raw materials being imported. 

In terms of import tonnage the principal countries of lading on foreign 
commerce are Venezuela, Canada, Liberia, and the Netherlands Antilles, but, 
in value West Germany, Japan, the United Kingdom, and Italy lead, in that order. 
Broken into trade areas, Europe has a clear lead in value while in tonnage 
the South American countries are our principal traders. 

The use of containerization is growing markedly, and within the port facilities 
built for this purpose are being used more readily. The Maryland Port 
Administration is presently constructing additional public container facilities 
at Locust Point to supplement existing container facilities at the recently 
expanded Dundalk Marine Terminal and the Canton facility. In addition, private 
enterprise has already dedicated a major container facility in the Baltimore 
Port. Gantry and giant bridge cranes serve these facilities. The response 
of shippers to the Port's containerization programs has been quite impressive 
and a tribute to the facilities. 



-187- 



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-188- 



NO. 150 

IMPORT TRADE OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY PRINCIPAL 
COUNTRIES IN ORDER OF TONNAGE AND BY TRADE AREAS: 1972 











RANK BY 


COUNTRY OF LADING 


LONG TONS 


VALUE 


TONNAGE VALUE 


Venezuela 


6,114,735 


$ 77,368,803 


6 


Canada 


3,454,270 


67,233,466 


8 


Liberia 


1,529,928 


20,071,488 


16 


Netherlands Antilles 


1,269,941 


21,683,064 


14 


Trinidad and Tobago 


856,302 


12,926,250 


21 


Brazil 


647,203 


40,288,234 


11 


Japan 


425,377 


285,897,463 


2 


Italy 


351,235 


100,146,763 


4 


Austral is 


334,353 


18,434,153 


17 


West Germany 


304,330 


398,103,378 


1 


Peru 


282,025 


60,060,838 


10 


Mexico 


223,641 


6,894,083 


27 


Netherlands 


203,271 


16,323,718 


19 


Phillipines 


193,038 


24,720,417 


13 


United Kingdom 


188,101 


189,876,850 


3 


Republic of South Africa 


183,697 


15,541,784 


20 


Greece 


180,561 


11,314,826 


24 


Dominican Republic 


174,293 


36,616,895 


12 


Bahamas 


155,632 


1,178,119 


29 


Honduras 


148,975 


12,710,117 


22 


France 


147,840 


72,098,930 


7 


Belgium 


121,397 


66,018,628 


9 


Costa Rica 


94,363 


8,160,484 


25 


Guyana 


92,485 


4,201,468 


28 


Sweden 


89,371 


84,647,591 


5 


Spain 


67,189 


17,654,076 


18 


Norway 


48,918 


20,613,491 


15 


Colombia 


48,153 


8,160,321 


26 


Finland 


47,362 


11,878,315 


23 


Iran 


43,125 


1,025,451 


30 




IMPORTS BY TRADE 


AREA 




North America 


6,467,198 


175,799,504 


4 


South America 


7,290,544 


211,017,435 


3 


Europe 


1,835,069 


1,054,874,620 


1 


Africa 


1,931,689 


57,791,002 


5 


Asia 


357,520 


398,673,642 


2 


Australia and Oceania 


367,361 


42,015,435 


6 


Total 


18,749,383 


1,940,171,638 




Source: Maryland Port Authority, Foreign Commerce Statistical Report, 


Port of 


Baltimore: 1968, 


p. 51 







-189- 



NO. 151 

EXPORT TRADE OF THE PORT OF BALTIMORE ARRANGED BY 
PRINCIPAL COUNTRIES IN ORDER OF TONNAGE AND BY 
TRADE AREAS: 1972 



COUNTRY OF UNLADING 



LONG TONS 



VALUE 



RANK BY VALUE 



Japan 




2,171,742 


$150,145,696 


1 


West Germany 


660,290 


118,473,607 


2 


United Kingdom 


615,720 


123,013,346 


3 


Spain 




603,363 


66,024,732 


9 


Netherlands 




407,103 


72,224,174 


5 


Italy 




390,020 


66,116,234 


8 


France 




369,757 


101,453,026 


4 


Yugoslavia 




287,750 


12,342,503 


18 


U.S.S.R. 




148,031 


12,808,558 


17 


Brazil 




138,545 


71,862,085 


6 


China 




96,787 


6,165,239 


26 


Venezuela 




84,867 


71,484,645 


7 


Canada 




77,655 


3,166,322 


28 


Peru 




73,546 


14,186,581 


14 


Argentina 




68,536 


13,531,123 


16 


Pakistan 




67,120 


11,879,780 


19 


Taiwan 




66,461 


13,895,065 


15 


Israel 




65,178 


16,344,778 


13 


Ireland 




47,885 


6,641,529 


23 


Greece 




46,829 


9,433,864 


22 


Bangladesh 




45,894 


4,378,718 


27 


South VietNam 


43,008 


17,406,535 


12 


Rumania 




30,170 


918,782 


30 


Syrian Arab 


Republic 


27,274 


1,999,484 


29 


Sweden 




27,254 


24,591,560 


11 


Republic of 


S. Africa 


25,361 


40,403,541 


10 


Republic of 


Korea 


22,450 


6,593,739 


24 


Indonesia 




22,334 


9,510,635 


21 


Norway 




21,787 


6,373,183 


25 


India 




19,971 


9,975,806 


20 



EXPORTS BY TRADE AREA 



Europe 

South America 

Europe 

Asia 

Australia and Oceania 

Africa 



101,503 

413,616 

3,903,927 

2,753,993 

13,043 

71,080 



22,279-929 

201.883,985 

741,607,141 

363,331,956 

15,921,203 

86,223,056 



Source: Maryland Port Authority, Foreign Commerce Statistical Report, Port of 
Baltimore: 1972. 



190= 



NO. 152 

RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, IMPORTS: 1971 AND 1967 
(Quantities Shown in Tons of 2,240 Pounds) 



PORT 



1971 



1967 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1967/1971 



United States 

New York, N.Y. 
Philadephia, Pa. 
Portland, Me. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Paulsboro, N.J. 
Mobile, Ala. 
New Orleans, La. 
Baton Route, La. 
Boston, Mass. 
Los Angeles, Calif, 
Norfolk, Va. 
Long Beach, Calif. 
Houston, Tex. 
Tampa, Fla. 
Newport News, Va. 



300,924,107 


243,104,018 


45,831,696 


45,510,714 


25,485,714 


23,930,803 


23,494,196 


16,505,357 


18,500,330 


16,373,019 


9,553,125 


6,810,714 


7,672,768 


7,978,571 


7,609,821 


4,424,554 


6,927,679 


5,904,018 


6,538,393 


6,896,875 


6,307,982 


5,024,553 


6,196,429 


3,287,946 


5,792,857 


2,917,411 


5,379,911 


3,237,054 


2,634,375 


1,666,964 


2,282,143 


1,988,393 



23.78 

.9 

6.5 

42.3 

13.0 

40.3 

- 3.8 
72.0 
17.3 

- 5.2 
25.5 
88.5 
98.6 
66.2 
58.0 
14.8 



Source: Maryland Port Authority, Foreign Commerce Statistical Report, Port of 
Baltimore : 1968, p. 12, 1971, p. 5. 



-191- 



NO. 153 
RANKING OF PRINCIPAL UNITED STATES SEAPORTS IN 

FOREIGN WATERBORNE TRADE, EXPORTS: 1971 AND 1967 
(Quantities Shown in Tons of 2,240 Pounds) 



PORT 



1971 



1967 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1967/1971 



United States 



183,191,518 



168,785,268 



8.5 



Norfolk, Va. 
New Orleans, La. 
Houston, Tex. 
Tampa, Fla. 
Newport News, Va. 
Baltimore, Md. 
Baton Rouge, La. 
New York, N.Y. 
Long Beach, Calif. 
Los Angeles, Calif. 
Philadelphia, Pa. 
Mobile, Ala. 
Boston, Mass. 
Paulsboro, N.J. 
Portland, Me. 



24,673,661 

12,689,214 

12,316,964 

10,174,107 

7,749,107 

5,781,891 

5,328,125 

5,020,536 

4,214,732 

3,158,482 

2,365,625 

2,075,000 

569,643 

192,857 

8,482 



24,236,608 

11,047,321 

9,089,732 

7,951,339 

7,954,464 

4,056,053 

4,667,857 

6,375,000 

4,317,857 

4,521,875 

2,214,285 

1,676,786 

633,482 

288,393 

61,607 



1.8 

14.9 

35.5 

28.0 

■ 2.6 

42.5 

14.1 

-21.2 

- 2.4 

-30.2 

6.8 

23.7 

-10.1 

-33.1 

-86.3 



Source: Maryland Port Authority, Foreign Commerce Statistical Report, Port of 
Baltimore: 1968, p. 11, 1971, p. 5. 



192- 



NO. 154 



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-194- 



NO. 156 

WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE PRINCIPAL WATERWAYS IN MARYLAND, 
IN SHORT TONS: 1971 AND 1962 



WATERWAY 



1971 



1962 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1962/1971 



Total Principal Waterways 

Baltimore Harbor and Channels 

Total Other Principal 
Waterways 

Chester River, Maryland 
Tred Avon River, Maryland 
Choptank River, Maryland 
Cambridge Harbor, Maryland 
Nanticoke River, Delaware 

and Maryland 
Wicomico River, Maryland 

(Eastern Shore) 
Crisfield Harbor, Maryland 
Pocomoke River, Maryland 
Chincoteague Bay, Maryland 

and Virginia 
On the Coast of Virginia, 

from Chesapeake Bay to 

Chincoteague Bay, Virginia 



46,275,333 


44,167,214 


4.8 


44,002,785 


42,587,893 


3.3 


2,272,548 


1,579,321 


43.9 


76,353 


62,524 


18.1 


197,993 


97,498 


103.1 


337,489 


229,108 


47.3 


121,568 


102,578 


18.5 



467,409 



11,787 



47,519 



313,745 



4,381 



82,984 



48.9 



738,411 


561,975 


31.4 


17,218 


58,060 


-70.3 


256,801 


66,468 


286.4 



169.0 



-42.7 



Source: U. S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce of 
the United States: Part I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic Coast , 1971. 



-195- 



(1) 



NO. 157 

WATERBORNE COMMERCE OF THE BALTIMORE HARBOR AND CHANNELS, ^ 

IN SHORT TONS: 1962-1971 



YEAR TONNAGE PASSENGERS 

1971 44,002,785 98,347 

1970 51,084,394 175,753 

1969 43,917,369 203,365 

1968 42,459,113 201,210 

1967 40,737,903 178,974 

1966 43,876,778 166,123 

1965 44,267,160 128,324 

1964 48,220,024 93,392 

1963 43,197,300 111,275 

1962 42,587,893 267,773 



Section included is the mouth of the Patapsco River to Baltimore, 
Maryland. 



Source: U. S. Department of the Army, Corps of Engineers, Waterborne Commerce 
of the United States: Part I, Waterways and Harbors, Atlantic Coast , 
1967 and 1971. 



-196- 



AIR TRAVEL 

Baltimore-Washington International Airport (known formerly as Friendship Inter- 
national Airport) serves as the major commercial air facility in the State. 
This operation is now owned by the State of Maryland, and it is operated 
by the Maryland Department of Transportation. 

During 1972, nearly 2.9 million passengers were handled on more than 218,000 
air traffic operations. Freight traffic continued to show large increases 
in volume while express volume was down somewhat from its peak years. Significantly, 
the major gains in air traffic operations over the five year period from 1967 
to 1972 were made in commercial carrier and civil itinerant operations, factors 
which point up well the growth of BWI as a major regional air facility. 

Concurrent with the growth of Baltimore-Washington International, a 
listing of airports and heliports in the State shows 41 such facilities, 
located in 22 of the State's 24 political subdivisions, with scheduled operations 
serving several of these other locations. 



•197- 



NO. 158 
COMMERCIAL AIRPORTS AND HELIPORTS IN THE STATE OF MARYLAND, 
BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 



Allegany 

Cumberland 
Mexico Farms 

Anne Arundel 

Deep Creek 

Baltimore-Washington International 

Lee (Annapolis) 

Suburban 

Baltimore City 

Pier 4, Pratt St. (Heliport) 

Baltimore 

Baltimore Airpark 

Essex 

Martin-Marietta 

Caroline 

Rideely-Pelican 

Carroll 

Clearview 
Reservoir 
Westminster 

Cecil 

Cecil County 

Charles 

Aqualand/Cliff ton 
Maryland 

Dorchester 

Cambridge 
Frederick 

Frederick 
Garrett 

Garrett County 



Harford 

Aberdeen 

Aldino-Churchville 

Fallston 

Kent 

Gill 
Russell 

Montgomery 

Davis 

Montgomery County 

Prince Georges 

Beltsville 

College Park 

Free Way 

Hyde Field 

Prince Georges Airpark, Inc. 

Queen Anne's 

Bay Bridge 
Kentmorr 

St. Mary's 

Park Hall 

St. Mary's County Airport 

Somerset 

Crisfield 
Talbot 

Easton 
Washington 

Hagerstown 
Wicomico 

Salisbury-Wicomico County 
Worcester 

Ocean City 



Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, State Aviation Administration, Maryland 
Airport Directory , September, 1972. 



-198- 



NO. 159 
BALTIMORE-WASHINGTON INTERNATIONAL AIRPORT OPERATIONS: 



1967 AND 1972 



TYPE OF OPERATION 



1972 



1967 



PER CENT CHANGE 
1972/1967 



Total Passengers 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 
Chartered 

Total Express (Pounds) 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 

Total Freight (Pounds) 
Deplaning 
Enplaning 

Total Air Traffic Operations 
Itinerant (I' 

Commercial Carrier 
Civil 

Armed Forces 
Local( 2 ) 

Armed Forces 
Civil^ 3 ) 



2,894,392 

1,430,652 

1,403,020 

60,720 

5,248,867 
2,973,949 
2,274,918 



2,482,440 

1,229,500 

1,240,231 

12,709 

7,910,707 
4,721,922 
3,188,785 



102,839,092 62,556,991 
59,209,014 30,800,348 
43,630,078 31,756,643 



218,404 


208,145 


206,197 


185,329 


108,688 


92,403 


95,182 


89,183 


2,327 


3,743 


12,207 


22,816 


1,942 


5,834 


10,265 


16,982 



16.6 

16.4 

13.1 

377.8 

-33.6 
-37.0 
-28.7 

64.4 
92.2 
37.4 

4.9 

11.3 

17.6 

6.7 

-37.8 

-46.5 

-66.7 

-39.6 



(1) 



With origin or destination beyond the local tower. 



(2)Remaining under control of the local tower. 

^Includes airline personnel familiarization operations. 

Source: Maryland Department of Transportation, State Aviation Administration. 



-199- 



AGRICULTURE 

Maryland, like most other states of the United States, and especially the 
''megalopolis" states, has been undergoing a shift from rural agricultural living 
and employment to urban manufacturing and service employment. 

Accordingly, the land devoted to farming and the number of farms have 
been steadily declining. In the period from 1968 to 1973, the land in farms 
has declined from 3,200,000 acres to 2,970,000 acres while the number of farms 
in the State has declined from 19,700 to 18,000. A natural corollary here has 
been the decline in farm workers to an annual average of 31,000 in 1972, 
including family and hired workers. 

The largest sources of farm income are livestock and livestock products, 
which, in 1971, accounted for slightly more than two-thirds of the value of 
all agricultural commodities in Maryland. The dominance of this category is 
due primarily to dairy products and poultry. Cattle and calves, eggs, and 
hogs are important, but they represent substantially smaller elements. In 
the same year field crops accounted for approximately 22 per cent of the receipts 
for all commodities, led by corn, tobacco, and soy beans. At the same time 
vegetables and melons, as well as greenhouse and nursery products were important 
sources of farm income in the State. 

Prices received by farmers have improved quite substantially in the period 
from 1967 to 1972. Using a base period of 1947-1956 to equal 100, the index 
number for all commodities rose from 94.6 in 1967 to 115.0 in 1972. Likewise the 
all crops index rose over the same time period from 108.0 to 128.0 while an 
index based on livestock and livestock products went from 88.2 to 109.0. 



-200- 



NO. 160 
CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, MARYLAND: 1971, 1970, 1969 



COMMODITY 



1971 (2) 
($1,000) 



1970 ^ 
($1,000) 



1969(1) 
($1,000) 



ALL CROPS 

Corn 

Tobacco 

Soybeans 

Wheat 

Apples 

Tomatoes 

Hay 

Cucumbers 

Barley 

Snap beans 

Peaches 

Sweet Corn 

Asparagus 

Sweet potatoes 

Green beans 

Mushrooms 

Watermelons 

Potatoes 

Strawberries 

Spinach 

Cantaloups 

Lima beans 

Other vegetables (3) 

Other field crops (4) 

Other fruits (5) 

Total Field crops ( 6 ) 

Total vegetables and melons^ 

Total fruit (8) 

Forest products ("^ 

Greenhouse and nursery 

LIVESTOCK AND PRODUCTS 

Broilers 

Dairy products 

Cattle and calves 

Eggs 

Hogs 

Farm chickens 

Honey 

Turkeys 

Sheep and lambs 

Wool 

Other ( 10 ) 



129,841 


127,313 


31,618 


38,056 


23,123 


21,105 


19,304 


13,520 


5,189 


4,899 


3,904 


3,752 


3,411 


4,002 


2,746 


2,381 


2,486 


2,411 


2,019 


1,545 


2,013 


2,459 


1,870 


2,052 


1,600 


1,895 


1,341 


1,122 


1,184 


1,054 


1,082 


1,101 


1,027 


1,027 


1,019 


1,430 


795 


783 


645 


524 


590 


622 


323 


273 


289 


175 


3,168 


2,893 


877 


755 


422 


429 


87,882 


85,125 


17,322 


18,383 


6,841 


6,757 


4,254 


4,123 


13,542 


12,925 


266,696 


266,211 


103,719 


107,110 


L03,540 


100,732 


33,947 


31,338 


11,979 


13,994 


10,562 


10,084 


703 


758 


293 


311 


253 


204 


219 


249 


36 


51 


1,445 


1,380 



120,603 

28,075 

22,664 

15,176 

4,522 

4,118 

3,586 

2,428 

2,688 

1,801 

2,032 

1,504 

1,934 

1,177 

1,217 

1,516 

871 

1,340 

763 

504 

827 

269 

412 

3,132 

891 

486 

78,408 

18,913 

6,612 

4,123 

12,547 

266,866 

114,060 

96,426 

28,396 

13,757 

10,969 

722 

400 

413 

243 

48 

1,432 



-201- 



NO. 160 



CASH RECEIPTS FROM FARMING, MARYLAND: 1971, 1970, 1969 (Cont'd.) 



COMMODITY 



1971< 2 ) 1970( 1 ) IVdvC 1 ') 
($1,000) ($1,000) ($1,000) 



All commodities 
Government payments 
Total receipts 



396,537 393,524 

6,307 7,986 

402,844 491,510 



387,469 

8,602 

396,071 



(1) 

(2) 
(3) 
(4) 
(5) 
(6) 
(7) 
(8) 
(9) 



(10) 



Revised. 

Preliminary. 

Beets, broccoli, cabbage, kale, peppers and others. 

Rye, oats, lespedeza, seed, red clover seed, popcorn, and miscellaneous crops. 

Miscellaneous fruits, berries and nuts. 

Includes potatoes, sweet potatoes and mushrooms. 

Excludes potatoes and sweet potatoes. 

Includes strawberries. 

Includes maple sugar and syrup. 

Miscellaneous livestock and poultry, and livestock and poultry products, beeswax, 
horses and mules. 



Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Marketing, Publication No. 4, 
Maryland Agricultural Statistics June 1973, p. 60. 



-202- 



NO. 161 
SELECTED COMMODITIES INDICES, PRICES RECEIVED BY FARMERS, MARYLAND: 
1967-1972( 1 ) (1947-1956 = 100) 



YEAR 



ALL COMMODITIES 



ALL CROPS 



LIVESTOCK AND LIVESTOCK PRODUCTS 



1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 



(2) 



115 

106 

105 

103 
96.1 
94.6 



128 
118 
113 
109 
102 
108 



109 

100 

101 

100 
92.9 
88.2 



(1) 
(2) 



Annual Average based on unrounded monthly indices. 
Preliminary. 



Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Markets, Publication No. 4, 
Maryland Agricultural Statistics , June 1973, p. 58. 



NO. 162 
NUMBER OF FARMS AND LAND IN FARMS, MARYLAND: 1968-1973 



(1) 



YEAR 



NUMBER OF FARMS 



LAND IN FARMS (1,000 ACRES) 



1973 
1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 



(2) 



18,000 
18,200 
18,500 
18,800 
19,200 
19,700 



2,970 
3,010 
3,050 
3,080 
3,130 
3,200 



(1) 
(2) 



Official estimate of Maryland-Delaware Crop Reporting Service. 
Preliminary. 



Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division of Markets, Maryland Agricultural 
Statistics , Publication No. 4, June 1973, p. 65. 

NO. 163 



WORKERS ON FARMS IN MARYLAND: 


1970-1972 (1) 


TYPE 1972 


1971 1970 


Family Workers 24,000 


24,000 24,000 


Hired Workers 7,000 


8,000 8,000 


Total 31,000 


32,000 32,000 


Annual Average of Persons employed during the last full calendar week ending at 


least one day before the end of the month. 




Source: Maryland Department of Agriculture, Division 


of Markets, Maryland Agricultural 


Statistics, Publication No. 4, June 1973. 




-203- 





NO. 164 



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-^.LlO - 



CONSTRUCTION 

Construction is the industry perhaps most subject to cyclical movements. 
Generally speaking, construction activity has been very strong in the State 
since the start of the seventies. 

The total construction contract ratio of Maryland to the Nation stood in 
1972 at 1.9 as a percentage of United States Totals. In absolute dollars, almost 
$1.7 billion of construction contract awards were made in 1973 in Maryland 
for residential and non-residential building, an increase of 16 per cent from 
1972, a year which showed a 19 per cent advance from 1971. Non-building 
construction accounted for an additional $.6 billion in construction activity. 
Clearly, construction is a major economic force in the Maryland economy. 

Although Maryland is not a major mobile home area, there is a small 
but steady demand for this type of housing. From 1960 through 1972, 24,752 
new mobile homes were shipped into the State. 



-207- 



NO. 166 

VALUE OF CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS ^ FOR WORK COMPLETED IN THE UNITED STATES 

AND IN MARYLAND: 1970-1972 AND 1960 



JURISDICTION 



1972 


1971 


1970 


1960 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


($1,000,000) 


91,213 


80,188 


68,294 


36,318 


1,746 


1,655 


1,270 


706 



United States 
Maryland 



(2) 



Maryland As Per Cent of 
United States 



1.9 



1.9 



1.9 



(1) 



Represents the sum of the value of residential building contracts, non-residential 
building contracts, and non-building construction contracts. 



(2) 

Excludes Alaska and Hawaii 

Source: U. S. Bureau of the Census, Statistical Abstract of the United States, 1972 , 

NO. 167 

NEW BUILDING PERMITS FOR PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL DWELLING UNITS 
AUTHORIZED IN MARYLAND: 1964-1972 



YEAR 



PRIVATE RESIDENTIAL 
DWELLING UNITS 



PER CENT CHANGE 
OVER PREVIOUS YEAR 



1972 
1971 
1970 
1969 
1968 
1967 
1966 
1965 
1964 



48,293 
44,627 
35,113 
43,489 
31,427 
31,789 
43,997 
53,707 
42,870 



8.2 

27.1 

-19.3 

38.4 

-1.1 

-27.8 

-18.1 

25.3 



SOURCE: Unpublished data supplied by the Maryland State Planning Department 



-208- 



NO. 168 

NEW HOUSING STARTS, MARYLAND: 1965-1972 



YEAR 



TOTAL SINGLE 
AND MULTIPLE UNITS 



INDEX (1967=100) 



SINGLE UNITS MULTIPLE UNITS 



1965 


53,700 


1966 


44,400 


1967 


28,200 


1968 


29,200 


1969 


28,900 


1970 


22,118 


1971 


40,408 


1972 


44,067 



190.4 
157.4 
100.0 
103.5 
102.5 
78.4 
143.3 
156.3 



23,600 


30,100 


18,000 


26,400 


14,600 


13,600 


14,500 


14,700 


15,000 


13,900 


15,464 


6,654 


22,822 


17,586 


27,278 


16,789 



Source: Unpublished data furnished by the National Association of Home Builders. 

NO. 169 

ANNUAL VALUE OF NON-RESIDENTIAL AND RESIDENTIAL CONSTRUCTION CONTRACTS 

AWARDED IN MARYLAND: 1960-1973 



YEAR 



TOTAL NON- 
RESIDENTIAL & 
RESIDENTIAL 
VALUATION 



PER CENT 

CHANGE OVER NON-RES I- 
PREVIOUS DENTIAL 
YEAR VALUATION 



PER CENT PER CENT 

CHANGE OVER CHANGE OVER 

PREVIOUS RESIDENTIAL PREVIOUS 
YEAR VALUATION YEAR 



1973 $1,674,898,000 

1972 1,446,568,000 

1971 1,218,795,000 

1970 1,016,238,000 

1969 1,078,421,000 

1968 878,845,000 

1967 855,268,000 

1966 981,904,000 

1965 1,107,959,000 



16 $660,752,000 

19 546,685,000 

20 486,364,000 
-6 567,895,000 
23 553,977,000 

3 421,966,000 

-13 409,513,000 

-11 402,804,000 

1 425,603,000 



21 


$1,014,146,000 


13 


12 


899,883,000 


22 


14 


732,431,000 


62 


3 


448,343,000 


-15 


31 


524,444,000 


15 


3 


456,879,000 


3 


2 


445,755,000 


-23 


-5 


579,100,000 


-15 


18 


682,356,000 


9 



Source: F. W. Dodge Company, D odge Construction Potentials, Region II Bulletin, 
December issues of various years. 



-209- 



No. 170 
MOBILE HOME SHIPMENTS INTO MARYLAND: 1960-1972 



YEAR NUMBER INDEX (1967 = 100) 

1972 2,788 132.8 

1971 2,425 115.5 

1970 2,979 141.9 

1969 1,900 90.5 

1968 2,280 108.6 

1967 2,100 100.0 

1966 2,090 99.5 

1965 1,810 86.2 

1964 2,000 95.2 

1963 1,350 64.3 

1962 1,170 55.7 

1961 820 39.0 

1960 1,040 49.5 



Source: Unpublished estimates by the National Association of Home Builders and 
the Mobile Home Manufactures Association. 



CUMULATIVE 


24, 


,752 


21, 


,964 


19, 


,539 


16, 


,560 


14 


,660 


12 


,380 


10 


,280 


8 


,190 


6 


,380 


4 


,380 


3 


,030 


1 


,860 



-210- 



REAL ESTATE 

The total assessed value of real property in Maryland in 1972 was $14,700,682,000, 
representing an increase of 32 per cent over that of 1968. As might be expected 
the greatest valuation occurs in Montgomery, Prince George's and Baltimore 
Counties and Baltimore City, in that descending rank. 

Strides have been made as between the local jurisdictions to achieve 
more uniformity in the assessment level ratios. The State average in 1972 
was 52.0 per cent, a reduced ratio from the 54.4 per cent level of five years 
previous, but all jurisdictions are working to achieve uniformity. Assessors 
in the State are currently employees of the State Department of Assessments and 
of Taxation. 

The federal government owns and leases substantial acreage and buildings 
in the State. The size of the federal operation is due, at least in part, 
to the proximity of Maryland to the District of Columbia. 

As of June 30, 1972, the federal government owned more than 196,000 acres 
of land and nearly 12,000 buildings. Additionally, as of June 30, 1970, the 
federal government leased some seven thousand acres and 800 buildings. Increases 
in both ownership and leasehold interests have occurred substantially in recent 
years. 



-211- 



NO. 1^1 

NUMBER OF REAL PROPERTIES AND REAL PROPERTY ASSESSED 
VALUES, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 



POLITICAL 
SUBDIVISION 



NUMBER OF 
PROPERTIES 



ASSESSED VALUE 
REAL PROPERTY ($1,000) 



Maryland 

Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



1,203,982 

34,598 
102,472 
224,285 
179,234 

14,919 



14,700,682 

213,702 

985,354 

2,094,420 

2,368,699 

84,634 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



9,147 
23,466 
20,549 
17,364 
16,190 



48,489 
252,483 
146,701 
172,654 

80,324 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 

Montgomery 
Prince GeorgeV 
Queen Anne ' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 

Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



33,530 
13,080 
35,952 
24,910 
9,109 

150,591 

158,030 

14,414 

16,020 

11,634 

10,105 
34,830 
27,090 
22,463 



338,107 

53,924 

403,077 

436,445 

63,444 

3,313,194 

2,601,983 

72,857 

121,842 

43,460 

120,044 
314,065 
200,083 
170,747 



Totals may not add due to rounding. 

Source: State of Maryland, State Department of Assessments and Taxation, 
Twenty-Ninth Biennial Report , p. 17. 



■212- 



NO. 172 
REAL PROPERTY ASSESSMENT LEVEL RATIOS, BY POLITICAL 

SUBDIVISION: 1972, 1969, 1968 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION 



1972 



1969 



1968 



Maryland Average 



52.0 



51.8 



54.4 



Allegany 
Anne Arundel 
Baltimore City 
Baltimore 
Calvert 



52.5 
49.2 
55.8 
49.1 
50.9 



54.0 
47.3 
53.3 
48.8 
47.5 



54.8 
50.3 
58.4 
55.9 
50.6 



Caroline 

Carroll 

Cecil 

Charles 

Dorchester 



50.2 
52.0 
49.6 
50.5 

49.8 



47.5 
48.7 
48.4 
48.8 
48.4 



53.0 
52.7 
52.3 
52.0 
50.7 



Frederick 

Garrett 

Harford 

Howard 

Kent 



52.6 
45.8 
51.5 
50.8 
48.3 



50.8 
40.5 
50.9 
52.2 
47.2 



54.4 
48.2 
52.4 
55.1 
50.5 



Montgomery 
Prince Georges 
Queen Anne ' s 
St. Mary's 
Somerset 



53.1 
52.8 
50.1 
50.2 
51.5 



50.4 
50.8 
48.2 
43.9 
49.3 



53.8 
53.6 
51.3 
50.4 
53.2 



Talbot 
Washington 
Wicomico 
Worcester 



50.0 
52.3 
51.9 
50.0 



47.9 
51.4 
50.8 
47.9 



50.0 
53.9 
54.8 
50.1 



Source: State of Maryland, State Department of Assessments and Taxation, Biennial 
Report for years reported. 



■213- 



NO. 173 

REAL PROPERTY LEASED TO THE FEDERAL GOVERNMENT 

AND FEDERALLY OWNED REAL PROPERTY IN MARYLAND: 

1972, 1970 AND 1968 



ITEM 



1972 



1970 



1968 



Real Property Leased (■*■' 
No. of leases 
Land (acres) 
No. of buildings 
Floor Area (sq. ft.) 
Annual Rental 

Federally Owned Real 
Property^ 1 '' 
Total Cost ($1,000) 
No. of installations 
Land (acres) 
No. of buildings 



$ 2,048,354 

324 

196,262 

11,966 



914 

6,991.5 

801 

6,908,863 

$23,612,283 



$ 1,194,446 

321 

194,753 

12,084 



821 

2,882.9 

722 

4,639,540 

$14,174,661 



$ 1,789,814 

305 

189,824.2 

12,187 



(1) 



As of June 30 of the stated years 



Sources: General Services Administration, Inventory Report of Real Property Leased 
to the United States throughout the World , as of June 30, for years 
reported. General Services Administration, Inventory Report of Real 
Property Owned by the United States throughout the World, as of June 30, 
for years reported. 



-214- 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND 

While Maryland ranks forty-second among the states in area and eighteenth 
in population, it ranks fourteenth in total federal funds received. 

Of the nearly $5.5 billion in 1972 outlays in Maryland, more than $1.4 
billion were in Baltimore City and more than $1.3 billion in Montgomery 
County, while Prince George's County received more than $800 million and 
Baltimore County some $679 million. 

From the myriad of federal programs, outlays in the retirement and 
social insurance programs were more than $1.0 billion, defense outlays were over 
$1.8 billion and it is thus seen that these many federal programs constitute a 
major impact on the Maryland economy. 



NO. 174 
RELATIVE POSITION OF THE STATE: 1972 



1972 



1968 



14th 
18th 
27th 
42nd 



in Total Federal Funds 
in Population 
in Number of Poor 
in Area 



9 th 
18th 
29 th 
42nd 



Rank in Terms of Funds Received from the Federal Agencies 

1st For The Department of Commerce 

3rd For The National Aeronautics and Space Administration 

4th For The Federal Communications Commission 

5th For The U. S. Information Agency 

6th For The Civil Service Commission 

7th For The Department of State 

9th For The Office of Emergency Preparedness 

11th For The Department of Defense 

11th For The Department of Health, Education and Welfare 

11th For The American Battle Monuments Commission 

11th For The Small Business Administration 

12th For The Farm Credit Administration 

13th For The Agency for International Development 

13th For The Atomic Energy Commission 

13th For The General Services Administration 

14th For The National Labor Relations Board 

14th For The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission 

15th For The Environmental Protection Agency 

16th For The National Foundation on Arts and Humanities 

16th For The ACTION 

18th For The National Science Foundation 

18th For The Department of Justice 

20th For The Railroad Retirement Board 

20th For The Office of Economic Opportunity 

20th For The Department of Transportation 

20th For The Department of Housing and Urban Development 

22nd For The Department of Labor 

24th For The Department of Interior 

25th For The Veterans Administration 

27th For The Federal Mediation and Conciliation Service 

27th For The Interstate Commerce Commission 

28th For The Selective Service System 

28th For The Treasury Department 

29th For The Federal Home Loan Bank Board 

30th For The Tennessee Valley Authority 

36th For The Department of Agriculture 

42nd For The Water Resources Council 



5 th 
7th 

4 th 

6 th 

5 th 
9 th 

24th 

3rd 

26th 

2nd 

14th 

15th 

14th 



10 th 
22nd 
20th 

29 th 
21st 
36th 
25th 
13th 
23rd 
25th 
21st 

30 th 
22nd 
30th 
26th 
35th 
34th 
38th 



Source: Federal Outlays in Maryland , December 1972, Office of Economic Opportunity. 



-216- 



NO, 



FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: 



1972 



FUNCTION 



OUTLAY 



Total 



$ 5,490,049,336 



Department of Defense - Military 

Retirement and Social Insurance 

Development of Health Resources 

Providing or Financing Medical Services 

Space Research and Technology 

Advancement of Business 

Public Assistance 

Water Transportation 

Income Security for Veterans 

Ground Transportation 

Atomic Energy 

Health 

General Property and Records Management 

Interest on the Public Debt 

Research and other Agricultural Services 

Community Planning, Management, and Development 

Elementary and Secondary Education 

Social and Individual Services 

Veterans Education, Training, and Rehabilitation 

Hospital and Medical Care for Veterans 

Economic and Financial Assistance 

Prevention and Control of Health Problems 

Law Enforcement and Justice 

Education Revenue Sharing 

Area and Regional Development 

Pollution Control and Abatement 

Central Fiscal Operations 

Higher Education 

Recreational Resources 

Low and Moderate Income Housing Aids 

Other Educational Aids 

Manpower Training and Employment Services 

Farm Income Stabilization 

Vocational Education 

Rural Housing and Public Facilities 

Agricultural Land and Water Resources 

Interest on Refunds of Receipts 

Other Natural Resources Programs 

Central Personnel Management 

Air Transportation 

Water Resources and Power 



1,846 


,450 


,069 


1,003 


,794 


,460 


419 


,974 


,034 


328 


,408 


,166 


275 


,281 


,253 


208 


,289 


,092 


141 


,878 


,692 


126 


,735 


,166 


109 


,634 


,448 


103 


,849 


,013 


93 


,139 


,160 


81 


,142 


,203 


67 


,865 


,655 


66 


,708 


,042 


65 


,962 


,694 


60 


,212 


,935 


59 


,118 


,339 


57 


,653 


,754 


33 


,914 


,975 


32 


,917 


,789 


26 


,405. 


458 


25 


,604 


,614 


25 


,564 


,049 


24 


,535, 


748 


22 


095, 


542 


19 


115, 


757 


18 


,674 


,655 


16. 


132, 


542 


14 


,649, 


141 


12. 


968, 


002 


12 


,843, 


639 


12. 


645, 


841 


12 


304, 


442 


9 


,552, 


611 


6. 


244, 


019 


5 


,974, 


400 


5. 


649, 


036 


5. 


145, 


519 


4 


,812, 


897 


4. 


578, 


956 


3, 


359, 


142 



(continued on following page) 



-217- 



NO. 175 
FUNCTIONAL SUMMARY OF FEDERAL OUTLAYS, MARYLAND: 1972 



FUNCTION OUTLAY 

Other Manpower Aids $ 3,257,496 

Conduct of Foreign Affairs 2,866,847 

Defense Related Activities 2,679,646 

Other Veterans Benefits and Services 2,434,030 

Mineral Resources 2,273,546 

Foreign Information and Exchange Activities 1,895,240 

Land Management 734,088 

Regulation of Business 668,951 

Other General Government 241,987 

Maintenance of the Housing Mortgage Market 100,068 

Veterans Housing 42,436 

Executive Direction and Mangement 38,392 

Food for Peace 30,660 



Source: Federal Information Exchange System, Federal Outlays in Maryland, 1972 



-218- 



NO. ±76 
FEDERAL OUTLAYS IN MARYLAND, BY POLITICAL SUBDIVISION: 1972 



1972 



Maryland Total $ 5,490,049,376 

Baltimore City 1,418,712,995 

Baltimore 679,226,803 

Montgomery 1,337,696,320 

Prince Georges 838,525,488 

Anne Arundel 422,154,550 

Harford 211,892,948 

Washington 87,884,525 

Cecil 80,999,458 

St. Mary's 92,723,403 

Charles 62,460,978 

Allegany 71,847,056 

Frederick 59,530,038 

Howard 183,852,406 

Wicomico 33,331,866 

Carroll 34,092,129 

Dorchester 19,888,730 

Talbot 15,600,101 

Kent 11,429,886 

Worcester 16,956,413 

Somerset 13,217,566 

Caroline 14,383,913 

Garrett 32,392,015 

Calvert 11,002,972 

Queen Anne's 10,246,817 



Source: Federal Information Exchange System, Federal Outlays in Maryland, 1972 



■219- 



NO. 177 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION SUMMARY OF 



AGENCY 



ALLEGANY 



ANNE ARUNDEL 



BALTIMORE CITY 



Political Subdivision Total 



$71,847,056 



$422,154,550 $1,148,712,995 



Department of Agriculture 
Department of Commerce 
Department of Defense 
Department of Health, Education 

and Welfare 
Department of Housing and Urban 

Development 
Department of the Interior 
Department of Justice 
Department of Labor 
Department of State 
Department of Transportation 
Treasury Department 
ACTION 
Agency for International 

Development 
American Battle Monuments 

Commission 
Atomic Energy Commission 
Civil Service Commission 
Environmental Protection Agency 
Equal Employment Opportunity 

Commission 
Farm Credit Administration 
Federal Communications Commission 
Federal Home Loan Bank Board 
Federal Mediation and 

Conciliation Service 
General Service Administration 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
National Aeronautics Space 

Administration 
National Foundation on Arts 

and Humanity 
National Labor Relations Board 
National Science Foundation 
Office of Economic Opportunity 
Office of Emergency Preparedness 
Railroad Retirement Board 
Selective Service System 
Small Business Administration 
Tennessee Valley Authority 
U. S. Information Agency 
Veterans Administration 
Water Resources Council 



1,326,603 

55,205 

18,321,000 

33,221,520 

100,000 

364,788 

503 

1,073,810 

1,038 

1,804,037 

1,552,849 



1,691,879 



3,799,125 
10,000 



268,034 



755 



11,833 
129,080 

4,612,438 
24,550 
87,000 



3,391,009 



2,960,125 

547,411 

293,813,000 

56,078,522 

4,321,706 

1,413,009 

13,823 

4,311,796 

4,038 

5,957,816 

5,274,891 

283,563 

99,928 



17,167,249 
981,450 



6,430,178 



5,423,403 



25,290 

181,000 

4,463,668 

1,783,422 

34,886 

109,200 

1,388 

9,542 

10,403,946 

60,300 



37,300,361 

354,340 

322,262,000 

413,341,964 

40,400,813 

2,660,963 

14,491,257 

36,256,688 

809,248 
66,493,519 
37,315,322 

424,359 

4,970,099 

74 

1,216,929 

41,705,526 

1,152,100 

286,359 

108,614 

89,667 

100,068 

80,433 

29,657,118 

70,928 

12,128,589 

885,108 

811,559 

3,492,456 

8,034,519 

7,281 

19,508,220 

465,133 

5,822,386 

188,757 

668,360 

45,151,828 



-220- 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1972 



NO. 177 



BALTIMORE 



CALVERT 



CAROLINE 



CARROLL 



CECIL 



79,226,803 


$11 


,002,972 


$14 


,383,913 


$34,092,129 


$80 


,999,458 


2,571,827 


1 


,304,171 


3 


,140,379 


2,427,384 


1 


,063,906 


93,059,998 




22,500 




121 







5,087 


42,205,000 




626,000 




337,000 


902,000 


45 


,070,000 


18,376,518 


6 


,364,261 


8 


,365,571 


18,430,868 


11 


,852,244 


2,118,412 












149,653 







543,115 









296,310 


10,920 







1,609,818 

















7,424 


3,894,683 




72,079 




183,675 


356,761 




400,515 


26,379 












584 







16,595,401 




155,419 




14,983 


2,176,996 




14,982 


10,655,012 




357,531 




350,751 


1,178,125 




982,099 


3,494 












44 







15,731,882 












80,746 




939 


3,592,999 




___ 




— 







___ 


28,402,983 




904,554 




904,554 


3,075,482 


2 


,351,839 


427,182 




570,800 







403,735 








2,748,432 



6,265 



78,469 



2,189,339 



26,921 



969,961 



770 



1,044,359 



37,404 



27,159 


10,100 





8,596 


147,321 








3,001 











394 


1,073,755 


144,830 


99,370 


646,908 


71,838 


5,477 


6,474 


18,353 


1,831,684 





33,100 





44,847 








656 


42,279 





107 


107 


32,417,420 


458,985 


573,050 


2,030,707 17 


___ 


—— — 


■MHftMM 










(continued on folic 






-221- 





779,669 

9,610 

25,000 

181 

17,364,683 



NO. 177 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION SUMMARY OF 



AGENCY 



CHARLES 



DORCHESTER 



FREDERICK 



Political Subdivision Total 

Department of Agriculture 
Department of Commerce 
Department of Defense 
Department of Health, Education 

and Welfare 
Department of Housing and Urban 

Development 
Department of the Interior 
Department of Justice 
Department of Labor 
Department of State 
Department of Transportation 
Treasury Department 
ACTION 
Agency for International 

Development 
American Battle Monuments 

Commission 
Atomic Energy Commission 
Civil Service Commission 
Environmental Protection Agency 
Equal Employment Opportunity 

Commission 
Farm Credit Administration 
Federal Communications Commission 
Federal Home Loan Bank Board 
Federal Mediation and 

Conciliation Service 
General Service Administration 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
National Aeronautics Space 

Administration 
National Foundation on Arts 

and Humanity 
National Labor Relations Board 
National Science Foundation 
Office of Economic Opportunity 
Office of Emergency Preparedness 
Railroad Retirement Board 
Selective Service System 
Small Business Administration 
Tennessee Valley Authority 
U. S. Information Agency 
Veterans Administration 
Water Resources Council 



$62,460,978 

3,505,639 

15,148 

42,126,000 

10,355,160 

255,000 
754,250 

7,487 

511,729 

24,213 

382,211 

873,663 

3,225 



2,170,929 
74,300 



4,010 



$19,888,730 

1,536,799 

73,938 

2,465,000 

11,338,364 

238,708 
185,458 

476,719 

478,153 
493,547 



7,231 



1,266,375 



16,206 



$59,530,038 

2,598,305 

4,786 

22,367,000 

19,649,044 

23,825 
372,755 

10,000 
832,257 

1,963,019 

1,568,175 

15,161 



3,799,125 
985,840 



7,736 



95,399 



8,750 



113,852 





4,000 


25,000 


154,208 


66,500 


84,887 


78,047 


2,150,728 


5,477 


17,443 


25,321 





75,000 





448 





3,002 


1,168,350 


987,534 


2,979,310 


■ " ' 







222- 



NO. 177 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1972 (cont'd) 



GARRETT 



HARFORD 



HOWARD 



KENT 



MONTGOMERY 



$32,392,015 

1,921,279 

14,667 

242,000 

8,371,999 



392,921 

19,178,094 
357,716 



$211,892,948 

1,289,429 

5,501 

176,035,000 

19,165,933 

1,543,000 

9,690 

350,156 

682,359 

1,020 

284,354 

1,972,047 



904,554 



31,251 

5,246,411 

512,490 



$183,852,406 

655,810 

97,581 

96,461,000 

9,985,486 

298,552 
3,040,196 

3,189,456 

1,300 

18,452,782 

1,059,467 



8,010 



92,974 

2,894,571 

388,026 



$11,429,886 $1,337,696,320 



1,913,880 

450 

439,000 

6,461,787 

135,638 
69,958 

150,415 

12,741 

170,640 

272,362 



723,643 
359,890 



2,811,716 
123,147,871 
349,263,000 

567,211,207 

2,266,314 

4,673,881 

453,764 

4,077,122 

1,811,888 

13,017,106 

10,560,491 

530,033 

20,665 

1,316 

86,151,599 

70,568,912 

4,134,267 



330 



17,573 


364,596 


169,191 








44,339,658 





19,200 


8,750 


27,708 


16,404 


132,288 
49,176 


337,132 
6,039 


629,207 

18,859 

147,000 


245,004 

8,743 

95,450 


620,333 


3,569,041 


92,587 
2,086,348 



22,260 


15,537,335 


— 


55,710,323 


21,250 


21,804 





820,082 


— 


2,299,940 


— 


58,950 


69,599 


1,571,810 


4,707 


70,231 


15,000 


463,515 


— 


75,908 


— 


700,162 


86,666 


19,661,778 



(continued on following page) 



-223- 



NO. 1/7 



POLITICAL SUBDIVISION SUMMARY OF 



AGENCY 



PRINCE GEORGES 



QUEEN ANNE'S 



ST. MARY'S 



Political Subdivision Total 

Department of Agriculture 
Department of Commerce 
Department of Defense 
Department of Health, Education 

and Welfare 
Department of Housing and Urban 

Development 
Department of the Interior 
Department of Justice 
Department of Labor 
Department of State 
Department of Transportation 
Treasury Department 
ACTION 
Agency for International 

Development 
American Battle Monuments 

Commission 
Atomic Energy Commission 
Civil Service Commission 
Environmental Protection Agency 
Equal Employment Opportunity 

Commission 
Farm Credit Administration 
Federal Communications Commission 
Federal Home Loan Bank Board 
Federal Mediation and 

Conciliation Service 
General Service Administration 
Interstate Commerce Commission 
National Aeronautics Space 

Administration 
National Foundation on Arts 

and Humanity 
National Labor Relations Board 
National Science Foundation 
Office of Economic Opportunity 
Office of Emergency Preparedness 
Railroad Retirement Board 
Selective Service System 
Small Business Administration 
Tennessee Valley Authority 
U. S. Information Agency 
Veterans Administration 
Water Resources Council 



838,525,488 

71,498,178 

74,460,561 

318,556,000 

77,144,549 

8,588,668 
8,690,755 

589,760 
3,997,788 

292,516 

3,593,581 

11,379,347 

398,349 

1,957,910 



2,053,408 

45,528,004 

6,973,150 



508,111 



11,501,660 

155,656,027 

59,558 

4,622,645 

806,154 

905 

2,233,201 

75,575 

365,700 

4,462 

272,440 

26,716,526 



0,246,817 


92 


,723,403 


1,506,524 


2 


,914,874 


329 




166,460 


388,000 


74 


,748,000 


5,622,726 


10 


,063,943 







251,500 


13,058 







54,128 




224,497 


196,144 




556,249 


306,628 




801,655 


151 




10,454 



723,643 
615,500 



8,408 
141,406 

116,669 

50,000 

503,501 



2,170,929 



1,195 



16,500 



62,357 
8,744 



726,046 



-224- 



NO. 177 



FEDERAL OUTLAYS BY AGENCY: 1972 (Cont'd) 



SOMERSET 



TALBOT 



WASHINGTON 



WICOMICO 



WORCESTER 



13,217,566 


15 


,600,101 


87,884,525 


1,307,625 
794,689 
233,000 


1 

1 


,415,043 

582,499 

,559,000 


1,813,742 

16,402 

34,822,000 


8,252,662 


9 


,076,300 


29,658,763 


2,544 

9 

500,829 




49,998 

3,283 

210,813 


770,790 

27,366 

1,154,892 


153,666 
322,364 




120,726 
542,773 


4,363,025 
1,967,402 



33,331,866 


16,956,413 


1,432,619 


1,544,661 


70,000 


356 


2,477,000 


721,000 


18,651,921 


8,593,650 


83,376 





12,000 


770,971 





349 


474,620 


277,061 


1,294 





3,767,444 


1,546,133 


1,141,488 


408,160 



18,646 



84,578 



46,706 



904,554 



1,085,464 
22,627 



4,703,679 
245,050 



2,351,839 
132,500 



1,085,464 
1,126,850 



1,482 



38,413 



925,962 



77,005 
235 



844 



7,408 



___ 


___ 





___ 





2,000 

















95 


136,947 


203,717 





144,026 


128,738 


3,226,896 


356,845 


146,842 


5,492 


4,943 


22,339 


8,743 


6,277 


57,500 


25,000 


38,000 


149,700 


24,000 


_ — 


— 


1,043 


487 





509,070 


734,386 


3,905,649 


1,892,327 


703,795 


_._ 


___ 









Source: National Technical Information Service, Federal Outlays in Maryland, 1972 . 
U. S. Department of Commerce. 

-225- 



NO. 178 

FEDERAL EXPENDITURES FOR SELECTED 
FUNCTIONAL CATEGORIES IN THE APPALACHIAN 
PORTION OF MARYLAND, FISCAL YEAR: 1972 



APPALACHIA PORTION 
FUNCTIONAL GROUPINGS OF MARYLAND 

Population 209,300 

Child Development 

Total $ 750,000 

Per Capita 3.58 

Health 

Total 693,360 

Per Capita 3.31 

Housing 

Total 103,900 

Per Capita .50 

Education 

Total 904,565 

Per Capita 4.32 

Sewage 

Total 126,600 

Per Capita .60 

Supplemental Grants 

Total 665,187 

Per Capita 3.18 

Local Development Districts and Research 

Total 602,861 

Per Capita 2.88 



Source: 1972 Annual Report of the Appalachian Regional Commission, 



-226- 



ELECTIONS 

Maryland is often referred to as a barometer of national voting patterns. In 
1972, the voters of the State cast their ballots for President, giving Richard Nixon 
61.3 per cent of the popular vote, while nationally the Republican candidate polled 
60.7 per cent of the popular vote. In fact since 1932, Maryland has voted against 
the winning nominee only twice, and these were extremely close ballots. 

There were nearly 1,816,000 registered voters in Maryland for the 1972 general 
election. 69.4 per cent of these registrants were listed as Democrats, 26.6 per cent 
as Republicans, 3.9 per cent declined to give a party preference, and .1 per cent 
listed themselves as members of the American Party. 

Marvin Mandel was elected Governor of Maryland in 1970 as he polled 65.7 per cent 
of the popular vote, carrying 23 of the 24 political subdivisions of the State. 
Continuing to show the rather independent pattern of voting in Maryland. Senator J. 
Glenn Beall, a Republican, defeated the incumbent Democratic candidate in 1972, 
carrying a popular vote of 50.7 per cent and 21 of the 24 political subdivisions. 

Comptroller Louis L. Goldstein and Attorney General William B. Burch, both 
Democrats, won handily as part of the Democratic Party ticket in 1970, and the 
Maryland Legislature is presently composed of 121 Democrats and 21 Republicans. 

The Congressional delegation of Maryland is composed of two Republican Senators 
and four Democratic and four Republican members of the House of Representatives. 



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-234- 



1973 



MARYLAND STATISTICAL ABSTRACT 



STATISTICAL APPENDIX 



NOTES TO STATISTICAL APPENDIX 

After this publication went to press, it was decided to add the two 
tables found in this Appendix. 

There has been an increasing amount of interest in cloud cover conditions, 
as these conditions determine the feasibility of many projects in the field 
of horticulture. It is indeed interesting to note the variations in amount 
of cloud cover from region to region. 

A topic of more general concern in the first part of 1974 was the 
availability of motor gasoline. Allocations were based on consumption 
during 1972, and many questions were raised as to the rate of increase 
in consumption during recent years. Table A-2 shows an annual average 
change of 6.0 per cent for Maryland from 1962 to 1972 against a national 
change of but 4.8 percent on the same basis. 



- A-l - 



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- A-3 - 



No. A-2 



MOTOR GASOLINE CONSUMPTION, MARYLAND AND THE UNITED STATES: 1962-1973 









PER CENT 




PER CENT 






CHANGE OVEE 




CHANGE 




MARYLAND 


PRECEDING 


UNITED STATES 


FROM PRECEDING 


YEAR (1,000) GALLONS 


YEAR (1 


,000) GALLONS 


YEAR 


1973 


1,840,506 


3.7 


NA 


NA 


1972 


1,775,394 


6.7 


100,275,436 


6.8 


1971 


1,664,565 


6.1 


93,907,352 


5.0 


1970 


1,569,266 


7.0 


89,405,266 


4.7 


1969 


1,466,184 


7.3 


85,415,920 


5.6 


1968 


1,366,279 


7.0 


80,867,012 


6.2 


1967 


1,277,344 


4.7 


76,139,326 


3.4 


1966 


1,220,169 


6.7 


73,638,872 


4.7 


1965 


1,143,315 


4.1 


70,337,126 


4.0 


1964 


1,098,212 


4.9 


67,663,848 


4.5 


1963 


1,047,240 


6.1 


64,779,104 


3.6 


1962 


987,408 


- 


62,531,373 


- 


Percent 


Change 








1962/1972 


79.8 




60.4 


Annual i 


Average 








Percent 


Change 








1962/1972 


6.0 




4.8 


Source: 


American Petroleum 


Institute 







- A-4 - 



NOTES 



NOTES 



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